The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from June 20, 1990

Afghan Women Harassed
SINCE its opening four months ago, the school for young Afghan women here has been harassed constantly.The school has been flooded with leaflets condemning women's education as "immoral" and "against Islam." Teachers have been threatened by Muslim militants....
A Fourth Baltic State Emerges
POPULAR belief holds that there are three Baltic states - Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. However, because of boundary changes in 1945, there is also a fourth Baltic state, the northern half of the old German province of East Prussia. Today part of the...
Brazil's Congress Strengthens Role Legislators Challenge Executive Initiatives
TWO young lobbyists sit at the back of the empty committee room. Senate aides distribute loose-leaf books among 13 places along five rows of long tables.The minutes tick by on a clock-calendar at the front of the room. It shows the correct time, 5 p.m.,...
Contemplative Songs from Van Morrison MUSIC: REVIEW
WHEN Van Morrison sings, he turns his face to the heavens, shuts his eyes, and croons. His voice is deep and resonant, at times gruff, at times sweet and ethereal. Always poetic.When the Irish artist appeared in Boston recently, three shows sold out...
Court Ruling Averts US Taxpayer Bailout of Pension Funds SUPREME COURT
THE United States Supreme Court gave broader powers Monday to an agency guarding the pensions of 30 million workers, reducing the likelihood of another major taxpayer bailout.By an 8-to-1 vote, the court said the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation...
`Dirty Tricks' Charged in Bay State Democrats Begin Gubernatorial Primary by Filing Suit against GOP
MASSACHUSETS Democrats - in the midst of a heated, three-candidate gubernatorial primary race - are at the same time lashing back at Republicans for their alleged role in disrupting a state Democratic convention earlier this month.Last week the state...
Experiencing Shakespeare's Historic Sweep at the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Adventurous Summer Playgoers Can Take in Three Sequential History Dramas in a Single Day. THEATER: INTERVIEWS
A BANNER stretching across the wall on the first day of rehearsal issued the challenge: "All things are ready if our minds be so."Energized by the words from Shakespeare's "Henry V," the Guthrie Theater acting company has set out on a task that no other...
French-African Summit Sets Agenda for Appeal to West
THIS week's Franco-African summit takes place as strong winds buffet France's relationship with a continent it has for decades considered a kind of diplomatic backyard.French President Francois Mitterrand, who Tuesday night was to welcome representatives...
Government Declares War on Tamils SRI LANKA PEACE TALKS COLLAPSE
AFTER 13 months of negotiations and repeated attempts to secure a cease-fire, the government of Sri Lanka this week declared an "all-out war" on minority Tamil guerrillas fighting for a separate state within this small Indian Ocean island."I will go...
Haiti Awaits Election Plan Familiar Pattern of Violence Threatens Prospects for Credible Campaign
AFTER seven months of severe power outages, electricity is on again most of the time now in Haiti - perhaps not quite coincidentally just in time to watch World Cup soccer games in Italy on television.But the recent drop in street crime and more-relaxed...
Help Yourself to Strawberries `Pick Your Own' Farms Offer Bargains, Choice, and Fun - but Come Prepared to Work
ACROSS America, strawberry farmers' fields are being invaded. Not by weeds or insects - but by people. Called Pick-Your-Own or U-Pick, these farms invite people to tote baskets and bowls to their fields for some down-to-earth berry shopping.Here at Hanson's...
Laying Down the Chemical-Arms Sword
PRESIDENT BUSH and President Gorbachev recently made a momentous decision on chemical arms control and disarmament. At the June 1 Washington summit, they signed an agreement not only to begin destruction of their chemical weapons but also immediately...
Low-Flow Toilets Proposed Federal Legislation Would Mandate a 1.6-Gallon-Tank Standard to Cut Water Waste. WATER CONSERVATION
WHY the subject of toilets seems so funny, nobody really knows. But in Tom Konen's basement lab at the Stevens Institute in Hoboken, N.J., there are no giggles or silly bathroom puns.Let the computer engineers have their fame and millions. Mr. Konen...
Mandela Seeks to Solidify ANC Political Role beyond Parades, His Message to the US Is to Continue Sanctions against South Africa
NELSON MANDELA lands in the United States today on a trip that promises to be as tumultuous and emotional as a papal visit.There will be ticker tape and Ted Koppel, stadium rallies and a speech to Congress, and fund-raising dinners all across America....
News Currents
UNITED STATES AND CANADA</P><P>The United States' largest bus company, Greyhound Lines, on Monday banned smoking on all regular intercity routes. In New York, Mayor David Dinkins signed into a law a measure prohibiting tobacco companies...
Oil Industry Awaits Bush Decision OFFSHORE EXPLORATION
IT'S getting tougher to drill for oil offshore the United States.The oil industry may be about to learn just how tough. President Bush said last week that he is days away from issuing a long-awaited, long-postponed decision that will weigh environmental...
Oil Spill New Threat to Species Researchers Play Tag with Oil Slicks, Trying to Safely Release Newly Hatched Turtles into Gulf. RIDDLE OF THE KEMP'S RIDLEY TURTLE
IN a bubble-top hot house just blocks from the beach, 2,000 rare Kemp's Ridley turtle yearlings paddle madly against their confinement cartons, eager for their imminent release into the Gulf of Mexico.But the manmade and natural dangers that have run...
Right Expectancy
BY definition an optimist always expects the best and a pessimist the worst. Most of us fall somewhere in the middle. But have you ever asked yourself what you should be expecting? Is there some specific direction of expectancy that involves more than...
Salman Rushdie Speaks out on Artistic Freedom
AFTER a year-long silence, Salman Rushdie, still in hiding, still living in fear of the death sentence proclaimed against him by the late Ayatollah Khomeini - and the violent threats and demonstrations engendered in its wake - has spoken out in a pair...
Saudi Aims in Afghanistan Appear Increasingly at Odds with West Arab-Backed Militants Seek to Drive out International Aid Agencies
FOR more than a decade of war, Afghan rebel commander Jamil-ur-Rahman has reaped a bonanza of Arab aid.Mr. Rahman, a Muslim zealot, claims he launched the Muslim jihad or holy war against Kabul Communists in 1978. A leader of Wahhabism, a militant strand...
Staging 50 Years of History Plays - in 30-Minute Set Changes
HOW do you "age" several hundred square feet of shiny new copper sheathing in only a few days' time?That was just one of the problems confronting lead scene-painter Colleen Ballance in preparing the stage sets for the Guthrie Theater's Shakespeare histories.After...
The Flag and What It Stands For
DIFFERENT countries treat their flags in different ways.The British, for instance, are no less respectful of their Union Jack than are other countries of their national flags.But in the British Navy, when a warship's flag becomes tattered and torn, sailors...
The Rap Flap
ACTING on a 1973 Supreme Court obscenity ruling, county law-enforcement officers in Florida and Texas have arrested some store-owners for selling a rap album by the group 2 Live Crew, and put others on notice.These actions reflect more than tension between...
`The Satanic Verses' Is Still a Burning Issue Muslims in Britain Agree That `Forgiveness' Is Impossible
IN the public lending libraries of the northern English city of Bradford, all eight copies of a certain novel - for which there is a long waiting list of borrowers - carry an unusual sticker. It reads:"This book is a work of the imagination. It does...
Third-World Imperatives
CONSIDERING the shrill invective which marked much of the 1980s, the decade ended with some mellow episodes of political accommodation and peacemaking. In particular, the dampening of conflicts in Central America and Southeast and Southwest Asia spring...
US and the Ozone
THE United States should be leading international efforts to protect the environment. Even with its budgetary constraints, the US can't afford not to support these efforts. Problems like ozone depletion affect all nations, and only concerted action can...
Vicarious Travels Via the Mail
A DOLL-LIKE bride in Japan changes from her elaborate kimono worn during a Shinto ceremony to a Victorian white satin gown for a Western ceremony that follows. I see no smiles until she's surrounded by children at the reception.A few weeks later I'm...
Wolfensohn Speaks Up for Embattled NEA
The John F. Kennedy Center's new chairman, James Wolfensohn, has come to the defense of the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) in the battle over its future that has rocked the politics of art.In a speech last week, Mr. Wolfensohn told a national...