The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from April 18, 1994

`10,000 Maniacs' Found in Southeast Asia Policy Analysts Ought to Better Consider the Impact of Powerful Doses of Popular Media Culture from the West on the Next Generation in Asia
THE world used to be divided into distinct locales that were sensitive to the traditions of the past. But Western popular culture and communication technology have changed that forever.The power of rock and roll, for example, has altered the way young...
Aiming at Child Labor
MORE than 200 million children are forced to work daily like adults.Simon van der Meer, a Netherlander who won the Nobel prize for physics in 1984, made this simple, sobering declaration at a recent Labor Department hearing, coincident with announcing...
A New-Old Experiment in Separating Girls, Boys in Schools
HIGH school teacher Chris Mikles says she is still taken aback when students in her Algebra II class ask her question after question about math. She says it is unusual for girls, who are often reluctant to ask questions in front of boys, to be so vocal...
A Place Where Dropouts Come Back for 20 Years, the Community School in Camden, Maine, Has Been Helping Teenagers Who Have Left High School without a Diploma. They Are Given a Second Chance to Succeed in a Program That Includes One-on-One Tutoring and Opportunities to Work at Real Jobs. Series: COVER STORY. A Place Where Dropouts Come Back. First of 3 Articles Appearing Today
AS dinner dishes are cleared away and the joking dies down, the evening's work at the Community School begins. Tonight a slide show about a Navajo reservation starts things off. Then on to tutoring sessions in math, grammar, and writing.There are no...
A Rwandan Church Becomes a Fortress
HOPE for an end to Rwanda's political and ethnic slaughter is strongest in the Holy Family Cathedral in central Kigali, where more than 5,000 refugees have sought sanctuary from the violence that has plagued their Central African nation for nearly two...
Birds or Business? Debate Rages in Pristine Vermont
VERMONT'S well-tended image as a place of pristine natural beauty has coexisted uneasily with a slumping economy for the past few years, and one result has been increasing pressure to reshape the regulatory machinery that safeguards the state's environment.At...
Bosnian Serbs Call the UN's Bluff Airstrikes Did Not Intimidate Serbs into Stopping Advance on Gorazde or Adequately Protect UN Military Advisers
THE collapse of the Bosnian Muslim town of Gorazde glaringly reveals the limits of last week's restricted use of NATO force in support of United Nations peacekeeping efforts for the battered Balkans enclave.A pair of bombing runs by NATO aircraft neither...
Bosnian Serbs Reach, Then Breach Pact on Halting Gorazde Siege Fall of Muslim Town Would Cast Doubt on UN Ability to Broker Peace in Balkans
AFTER a tense week in which the United Nations and Bosnian Serbs tested one another's resolve, it is still unclear whether prospects for a fair peace settlement in Bosnia-Herzegovina have been set back significantly or left intact.The Bosnian Serbs agreed...
Branch Davidian Survivors Chide Feds
BRANCH Davidians who survived last year's siege returned to their Waco, Texas, home to admonish the federal government for the tragedy that took 79 lives."Don't let the pressure off the government. They want you to forget," said David Thibodeau, who...
Bygone Baseball: Savoring the Playoffs
THE importance of its pennant races was always a big part of baseball's appeal. Unlike other sports, with their meaningless regular seasons and endless playoffs, baseball played it straight: Winners advanced to the postseason; everybody else went home....
Changes (Written Especially for Young People)
PEOPLE change. Have you ever laughed when you saw last year's class picture and realized how much your appearance had changed since then? There's another kind of change that may not be as noticeable. It's the change that takes place as we learn...
Clinton to Allow Police to Search Public Housing
ANNOUNCING a new policy to help public housing residents "take back their homes" without violating the Constitution, President Clinton said Saturday that tenants will be asked to allow police to conduct sweep searches for guns.Mr. Clinton said his administration...
Companies Recognized for Leadership Roles
COMMUNITY involvement. Environmental stewardship. Responsiveness to employees. International commitment in developing countries. The Council on Economic Priorities (CEP) recently announced the winners of its annual 1994 America's Corporate Conscience...
Depardieu Biography Shows How the Actor Overcame Poverty
The entertainment-trade publication Variety recently had a Page 1 story about Gerard Depardieu, with the headline, "Le Cinema Est Moi, Dit Girard." The actor, who has starred in at least 90 films, has come to symbolize France's movie industry. His English-language...
EPA Mandate Could Make or Break Ethanol Industry
THE Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will make a decision soon that will ripen or wither the ethanol industry indefinitely."The stakes here are considerable," says John Urbanchuk, vice president of AUS Consultants in suburban Philadelphia.Under...
Events
LEADERLESS JAPAN STRUGGLES Facing a host of overdue decisions, leaders of the governing coalition met this weekend to develop priorities for Japan's next government. They appeared to have reached general agreement on what to do about the neglected...
Fear of Flying
THE Serb attack on the UN "safe haven" of Gorazde and the West's feeble response is another milestone in the two-year bloodletting in Bosnia. As the Serbs dismember another Bosnian town, the UN and NATO seem paralyzed. We applauded NATO airstrikes last...
Few Women Make It into the $75,000 Salary Bracket
WOMEN make up nearly one-half of the work force in the United States. But only 400,000 female workers out of a total of 58 million earn more than $75,000 a year, Karen Nussbaum, director of the Clinton administration's Women's Bureau in New York, notes...
Foreign-Born Earn Higher Science Salaries
FOREIGN-BORN professionals are quickly expanding their role in the American economy, particularly in the fields of engineering, medicine, and scientific research.Highly educated workers from India, China, South Korea, and several other nations have arrived...
For One Dropout, Gaining Self-Respect Was the Best of Many Valuable Lessons Series: COVER STORY. A Place Where Dropouts Come Back. Third of 3 Articles Appearing Today
STEVE HAYDEN attended the Community School in 1982. He had dropped out of high school two years before that as a 17-year-old freshman. He heard about the school through an announcement on the radio and realized, he says, that at 19 - just under the school's...
For These Children, School Is Looking Up Teachers across America Use `Sky Awareness' as a Key Part of Curriculum; Link to Better Skills Seen
ON an overcast spring day, Elaine Messias's fifth-graders at the Mitchell Elementary School in Needham, Mass., file out their classroom door clutching chairs, notebooks, and pens. In a grassy yard they scatter like wildflowers across a meadow, as they...
GATT: Almost in Hand
AFTER nearly eight years of often-tortuous trade talks, representatives from more than 120 countries finally have put the nibs of their Montblancs to paper.The package of agreements, negotiated during the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs...
Get Ready, Get Set, Garden!
If you would like a garden like Ruby's, you'll need a few things to get started. * Tools: a shovel (Mom or Dad or a friend might need to help dig); a trowel (to dig smaller spaces and help transplant seedlings) * Seeds: Choose ones that grow well in...
Health Care Alliances Vie for Center Stage Mitchell's New Proposals Rely on the Concept
AT the heart of President Clinton's design for a new health-care system are big new quasi-governmental bodies called health alliances.In recent months, the conventional wisdom has increasingly concluded that the alliances idea is out of the health-care...
High-Tech Lawyering
IF you flip through a recent issue of the American Bar Association Journal or other legal publications, you might think you have mistakenly opened a magazine for computer hackers. Page after page features ads for hardware, software, CD-ROMs, and systems...
House Still Needs Votes to Ban Assault Weapons
THE House and Senate may be heading for a standoff on whether sweeping crime legislation includes a ban on assault weapons, a key congressman says.Rep. Charles Schumer (D) of New York, the chairman of the House Judiciary subcommittee on crime, said Sunday...
How Does Her Garden Grow? Ruby's Green-Thumb Journal
April 19</P><P>Finally, a sunny day! I thought this spring rain would never end. My neighbors have been out in their yard since this morn-ing. It seems as if they're out there a lot, so I went over to ask them what they were doing.</P><P>Mr....
Hunters Head for the Woods as Bear Season Opens in Ontario Controversial Hunt Began Last Friday; Baiting Is a Major Issue
IT'S spring in Ontario, and once again, perhaps, the safest place in the entire province for a black bear to sleep at night is just a few yards behind Stan Pabst's house."I usually have three bears sleeping behind the house, they know they're safe there,"...
Israel and Jordan Scuffle over Islamist Groups Israeli Charges Anger Jordanians and Fail to Bring Them Back to the Negotiating Table
THE escalating violence between Israelis and Palestinians has not stopped the talks in Cairo aimed at implementing the Israeli-Palestine Liberation Organization accord. But the confrontations in the occupied territories are seriously jeopardizing the...
Karen Akers Ensures Cabaret's Survival in a Lovelorn World from Torch Songs to Husky Piaf Anthems, the Singer Teases out Romantic Yearnings from Her Audiences
CABARET star Karen Akers transforms ballads into moments of theater. "I want to move people," she says during a break in a recent three-night engagement at the Regattabar in Cambridge, Mass.Endowed with a rich contralto, she has storytelling resources...
Kazakhs Arrest Writer, Raising Ethnic Tension
THE arrest of a prominent Russian journalist charged with inciting ethnic unrest in the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan has escalated tensions in a country already troubled by increasing racial strife.Boris Suprunyuk, a spokesman for the Russian...
Killing Persists in Rwanda despite Cease-Fire Efforts
RWANDAN soldiers, rebels, and civilians engaged in frenzied killing on Sunday while attempts at arranging a cease-fire came to nothing, according to witnesses and officials.An official in the interim Rwandan government said cease-fire talks, which began...
Lake Michigan Is Winning Attack on Chicago as Storm Waves Threaten Billions in Prime Lake-Shore Real Estate, City and Federal Officials Joust over Repairs
CHICAGO, the "City of the Big Shoulders," has become shaky at the knees as storm waves as big as railway freight cars destroy the revetments protecting billions of dollars in property along Lake Michigan."There is extensive damage, and we very urgently...
Level of Pesticides on Food Is Safe, Federal Report Says
THE release last week of a federal report on pesticide residues comes as food producers await the unveiling of the Clinton administration's long-expected reform of food safety laws.The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) tested 5,750 samples...
Ma Bells Vie for One-Stop Local and Long-Distance
THE telecommunications industry is poised to break through the walls of its last monopoly: the local phone company.In a few years - perhaps sooner - many consumers will be able to choose who handles their local calls just as they choose among long-distance...
Mayor Finds Bully Pulpit, Few Resources in St. Louis
LIKE many urban leaders, St. Louis Mayor Freeman Bosley Jr. (D) is fighting against a declining population and crumbling infrastructure with few resources and little power."Virtually all US mayors are in the position of being able to promise a lot but...
New Look at Plight of US Children Puts Pressure on Clinton Reforms
A STRING of recent high-profile reports on America's children are once again sounding the alarm about the nation's future.* A three-year study by the Carnegie Corporation of New York concluded that "across the United States, we are beginning to hear...
Political Turmoil Roils Mexican Economy with Interest Rates Falling, Low Inflation, and NAFTA's Passage, This Was to Be a Good Year Economically for Mexico - but Then Came the Storms, Including the Assassination of a Presidential Candidate
LIKE survivors of a tornado warily eyeing every passing cloud, local and overseas investors are uneasily watching the Mexican economy."A couple of clients have called a halt to projects," says Juan Carlos Escamila, an architect who is remodeling some...
`Politics as Usual' in Japan Must Not Derail Reform
AGAIN, low politics. Another high-minded reformist leader knelt down before jealously guarded corrupt politicians. Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa decided to step down after a month of boycott of Diet sessions by politicians in the Liberal...
Quebec Separatists Itching for a Win in Provincial Elections
BERNARD LANDRY, Quebec's second-most-powerful separatist politician, vows that he will not count his political chickens before the big vote coming up in Quebec.Even though Quebec's separatist party will clean up in provincial elections that must be held...
Rapport between Artist and Object
A "HOUSE of cards," of course, is an obvious symbol of precariousness. It was a subject the 18th-century French artist Jean Simeon Chardin (1699-1779) chose to paint a number of times.When engravings were made from Chardin's paintings - reproductions...
Reversing Apartheid's Imbalances an ANC-Proposed $11 Billion Development Plan Will Give Top Priority to Creating Jobs and Providing Houses, with Some Money Coming from Reduced Defense Outlays
AS the countdown for South Africa's first all-race elections enters its final lap, the African National Congress (ANC) is putting the finishing touches on a comprehensive $11 billion socioeconomic development plan designed to tackle the legacy of more...
Roger Mandle's Ecology of Change New President of Rhode Island School of Design Emphasizes `Visual Literacy'
WHEN it comes to being an advocate for art, Cervantes might have found a touch of Don Quixote in Roger Mandle, the lanky new president of the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD). Don Quixote, also a man of substance in an age of pretension, banged against...
Russia's New Revolution in Conservation Nation's First Private Nature Reserve Provides a Haven for Rare Cranes and a Place for People to Explore Wilderness
WHEN naturalist Sergei Smirenski set out to create Russia's first private nature reserve since the Bolshevik revolution, he knew that the greatest obstacle would be overcoming bureaucratic resistance.The Moscow State University professor has charted...
Russia Takes High Profile in Diplomacy Kozyrev Tries to Broker Bosnian Truce in Belgrade; Yeltsin Gets Partial Agreement at Commonwealth Summit on Troop Deployment in Neighboring States
PROMPTED by the threat of renewed NATO airstrikes against Bosnian Serb positions around the besieged town of Gorazde, Russian diplomats worked over the weekend to try to broker a new peace deal.The efforts of Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev,...
Rwanda's Tragedy Plays out in War-Torn Capital since the Murder of Its President on April 6, This Tiny Central African Country Has Been Plunged into Violence, Fueled Increasingly by Ethnic Rivalries. as the Fighting Rages, Relief Agencies Do What They Can to Avert Starvation
A CROWD of Rwandans lining the muddy road are silent, stopping momentarily from their bloody work like children caught with their hands in the cookie jar. Armed with cudgels, machetes, and long knives, their handiwork is nearby: three corpses, bleeding...
S. Africans Make Peace Gestures Zulu King Calls for End to Violence, and Inkatha `Postpones' Illegal Demonstration
THE Zulu monarch, King Goodwill Zwelithini, and African National Congress President Nelson Mandela made bold overtures of peace over the weekend that could help calm tensions and political violence in strife-torn Natal Province.The Zulu monarch called...
Searle Cartoons Have Wit & Bite the Artist Offers Wry Observations of Human (and Feline) Nature for American and British Magazines
DEVOTEES of Ronald Searle can now indulge in viewing an entire collection of his cartoons rather than glimpsing them individually, thanks to a current display at the Heineman Galleries in New York. It's also an opportunity to see the master's work in...
Serbs Fondly Remember the Way Things Were under Yugoslav Founder DON'T CRY FOR US, MARSHAL TITO
WHAT would happen if the late founder of former Yugoslavia, Marshal Tito, reappeared on a Belgrade sidewalk wanting to know why his multiethnic creation had suffered such a bloody demise?Zelimir Zilnik, a maverick film director and former political dissident,...
Sharp Criticism Puts Tobacco Industry on the Political Ropes Capitol Hill Critics Say Companies Spike Cigarettes, Lure Youths
THE $50 billion American tobacco industry is doing a slow burn.Hounded by critics, major tobacco companies are battling a series of embarrassing charges. Rep. Henry Waxman (D) of California, a leading opponent of the industry, claims that manufacturers...
`Structure' Helped This Student to Achieve Series: COVER STORY. A Place Where Dropouts Come Back. Second of 3 Articles Appearing Today
JEANINE GRIFFIN was the youngest of three daughters - precocious and bored with school from the start. "I could memorize all the books they gave me, and I always wondered why I had to go," she says. "The minute I finished whatever I thought I had to...
The Saga of Ford and Watergate
MORE than a personal tragedy for Richard Nixon, the Watergate scandal was a serious blow to American democracy.That the republic survived intact was the result of the moral and political courage of many people. But one of the biggest heroes was the...
The Trials of Middle-Class Blacks
`THE Rage of a Privileged Class" is a probing scholarly portrayal of the vulnerability and victimization of many middle-class blacks, a condition shared by African-Americans in general. The book contains a roster of the astonishing number and types of...
The Value of Spiritual Intuition
MY brother and I were talking about how inspiring the work of God is. It was fun talking together, especially when he told me what had happened during one of his recent jobs. He was digging a ditch in town with a backhoe. He had worked all morning...
Twin Cities Sing Pro-Sports Blues as a Second Team Threatens to Leave
IS Minnesota losing its grip as a major-league sports locale? One has to wonder, given reports that pro basketball's Minnesota Timberwolves may follow hockey's North Stars in exiting the Twin Cities, possibly for Nashville.The erosion of pro sports in...
Unexpected Findings Highlight NASA's Space Shuttle Mission
SIX happy astronauts are ready to return to Earth tomorrow with a spaceship full of scientific "pay dirt."Reports from the Johnson Space Center in Houston say that the data coming in from the space shuttle Endeavour's German-Italian-American mapping...
US Aid to Africa Assessed, A Wider Focus Is Sought Ivory Coast Ambassador to US Warns of Negative Perceptions of His Continent
PERIL and promise characterize the Clinton administration's view of Africa, where the ongoing tragedy in Rwanda is every bit as dramatic as the momentum of democratic change in South Africa.While White House strategists reassess the United States' role...
With an Uncertain Home Market, US Investors Look across the Sea
SPURRED on by high rates of return and attractive share prices abroad, Americans have been pouring billions of dollars into overseas stocks in the past several years.While the pattern slowed slightly in the early part of 1994 - reflecting economic uncertainties...