The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from May 11, 1995

A City Built on a Swamp, New Orleans Begins Bailout
IN some ways, New Orleans is not a city at all, but the world's most hospitable swamp. Barely afloat, it is the only American city below sea level. Without its mighty pumps, 25-foot levees, and spillover basins, the muddy waters of the Mississippi River...
A Glowing Look at World's Economy
ALLEN SINAI radiates economic optimism. The top economist for Lehman Brothers Global Economics in New York speaks of an "emerging global prosperity.""The synchronous expansion of so many countries in so many areas of the world has no precedent in modern...
A Holocaust Survivor's Quest to Rebuild Lives LOOKING BACK TO WWII. Hadassah Rosensaft Stayed in the Camps for Years Helping Displaced Jews
HADASSAH ROSENSAFT, a pleasant woman with strawberry-blond hair, looks like anyone's grandmother. But her life has hardly been ordinary. Beginning at age 30, Mrs. Rosensaft's experience was shaped by the Nazi Holocaust -- and continues to be.In 1945,...
Ballet Choreographer Keeps Dancers on Edge James Kudelka's New Work for American Ballet Theatre, 'States of Grace,' Forces the Company to Stay on Its Toes
IN an austere rehearsal studio deep beneath the stage of the Metropolitan Opera House, three dancers are struggling with James Kudelka's latest choreographic conundrum. Called "States of Grace," the dance is intricate, startling, and -- with opening...
Big and Anxious, Ukraine Wants Clinton's Pat on Back Summit Aimed at Reinforcing an Ex-Soviet Giant's Ties with West
FOR a time, President Clinton's visit to Ukraine this week was to be just a stopover in the capital, Kiev, on the way home from Moscow. The Ukrainians were disappointed.Now Mr. Clinton will spend the night tonight and attend a state dinner. "It helps...
Big Powers Tiptoe around Issues at Moscow Summit Some Progress Made on Iran Nuclear Issue and Russia-NATO Ties
THE "Boris-Bill" summit that ended yesterday left most of the key irritants between the United States and Russia intact. But the nation's two leaders tried their best to downplay impressions of a big-power crisis."We still don't have answers to a number...
Budgeteers, Budget Tears
REPUBLICAN leaders in the Senate and House have peeled back another layer of the budget onion, and already the sting is being felt.The goal -- a balanced budget seven years hence -- requires spending cuts over that period on the order of $1 trillion....
California Case Tests Workplace-Safety Laws Rape Victim Faults Employer for Not Ensuring Safe Job Site
CAN a university be held responsible for not providing safe working conditions if a woman is raped on campus?That precedent-setting question lies behind an unusual case in California that may hold implications for workplace-safety standards nationwide.Women's...
Canada Wakes Up to Right-Wing Extremism
EVER since a bomb destroyed a federal building in Oklahoma City last month, killing at least 164 people, Canadians have been asking: Do we have heavily armed extremists, too? Could that happen here?Most editorial commentators quickly reassure: "No, thanks...
Consensus on Nuclear Pact Makes World A Little Safer
IN a week of extraordinary developments on the nuclear-weapons front, none will have more lasting significance than yesterday's 178-nation decision to give the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) a more permanent life."It's a great triumph,"...
Democracy's Foot Soldiers
WHAT a great way to mark V-E Day plus 50! More than 300 pro-democracy organizers coming together in Washington from around the world.There were moments of profound human power in this gathering. Gordana Logar, the managing editor of Serbia's beleaguered...
Disaster Raises Safety Issue in South Africa's Gold Mines
THE deaths of up to 100 workers in one of South Africa's worst underground accidents at the Vaal Reefs gold mine has reopened the bitter debate about safety in what are among the world's deepest and deadliest mines.Each year hundreds of black men die...
Exploit Civilian Technologies, Says No. 2 US Military Leader as They Downsize the US Armed Forces Must Innovate to Stay on Top, Using Techniques Such as Applying Off-the-Shelf Systems to Military Use
AS vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. William A. Owens is the second-highest-ranking officer in the United States military. In a recent interview with Monitor editors in Boston, he talked about the future of the American armed forces in...
Flat, Flatter, Flattest: Singing from the Same Tax 'Hymnal' Alternatives to the Current Revenue Code Are All the Rage
TAX reform has become the latest rage in Washington. Presidential aspirants and congressional leaders are stumbling over one another to propose new tax systems to capture the hearts, not to mention the votes, of the public. While we have heard the siren...
Fond Memories of Our Friend FDR
On a drizzly Thursday morning 50 years ago, my father and I left our home on Long Island, N.Y., by car for Texas where he was to be stationed. It was one of the most memorable days of my life.The whole world remembers that day, April 12, 1945, and indeed...
Freeze Frames the Monitor Movie Guide
MAY 12, 1995Movies that contain violence, sexual situations, nudity, and profanity are denoted V, S, N, and P respectively. Evaluations do not constitute a Monitor endorsement. Further guidance is supplied by full reviews on the Arts pages.EVALUATION...
From Pin Money to Paychecks -- Women as the 'New Providers'
WOMEN have come a long way economically since the days when their financial status depended on pin-money handouts from a husband or sugar-bowl savings from their own thrifty ways. As they have poured into the work force in recent decades, they've contributed...
GOP Candidates Court Christian Right with GOP Presidential Contenders in Agreement on Most Economic Issues, the Contest for Who Is Most Socially Conservative Has Begun
CALL it the fight for the Christian right.As they scramble for position in the early stages of the presidential nomination race, GOP White House hopefuls are redoubling efforts to appeal to religious and social conservatives.This core GOP constituency...
GOP Walks High Wire on Budget Its Tax-and-Spending Cuts Stir Splits in Own Ranks, Democratic Ire
ANYBODY can write a plan to balance the federal budget, if you think about it.Take the back of an envelope and jot down the government programs you think are too big, shouldn't exist at all, or should be handled by states or cities or the private sector....
Guns Still Loaded, N. Ireland Talks Ease the Triggers
HANDSHAKES don't produce peace, but they can help.The first official meeting in 23 years between a British government minister and Sinn Fein, the political wing of the Irish Republican Army, began with a shaking of hands at Stormont Castle in Belfast,...
History: Our Worst-Taught Subject
THE recommendations in the recently released "National Standards for Teaching United States History," freshly condemned on the floor of the US Senate, merely scratch the surface. History is our worst-taught subject. Indeed, it is the only field in which...
'Honey, Grab the Binoculars. I Just Spotted a Chachalaca!' Birders of All Stripes Will Delight in South Texas's Rio Grande Valley
WE walked slowly down the park road, scanning the trees for the rare Altamira oriole. Overhead, great-tailed grackles sailed from tree to tree, sending up a racket that sounded like the soundtrack for a Hollywood jungle movie. Sliced oranges and bright-red...
Huge, Friendly, and Curious Series: LENS AND LIGHT. 'Lens and Light' Is a Series Showcasing the Work of Monitor Staff Photographers. Part of a Series
They may live in Florida, but manatees like to be warm in winter, too. So they head for warmer inland waterways, like those in Blue Springs State Park near Orange City. That's where Monitor photographer Norman Matheny found this sea cow and her calf...
Iowa Welfare Benefits Come with Tough Expiration Dates IMPACT OF CAPS
DONNA DAVIS has been on and off welfare for 35 years. She has three children, each by a different father, but has never been married. Lacking a high school diploma, she has had trouble finding jobs adequate to meet her needs.Getting Ms. Davis and 4.5...
Istanbul: A City Made for Food Lovers Turkey's Seaport Brims with Exotic Fruit, Skewered Lamb, Eggplant Dishes, and More
OLIVES aren't just for lunch and dinner anymore. I discovered that little tidbit at a series of breakfasts here in Turkey.No self-respecting Turk would have any less than three kinds of olives with the morning repast. And there are literally dozens of...
It's about You
PEOPLE are searching for answers to everyday questions and to questions that aren't so everyday. It's natural to yearn to know more about ourselves. But to really learn who we are, we need to learn more about our true and only self, our spiritual self....
Keeping 'Hopeful' Full of Hope Series: Word Chase. Part of an Occasional Series
I DO not think Robert Louis Stevenson was making specific reference to the hazards of using British Rail as a means of moving from A to B in the tricky 1990s when he wrote in 1881: "To travel hopefully is a better thing than to arrive.""Hopefully," once...
Liberation Was Only the Beginning LOOKING BACK AT WWII. A Washington, D.C., Exhibit Traces the Postwar Experiences of Concentration-Camp Survivors and Their Long Road to Rehabilitation
ON May 7, 1945, revelers in Chicago -- joyously waving their newspapers -- celebrated the defeat of Nazi Germany and the end of World War II in Europe. On the same day, survivors of the Ebensee concentration camp in southern Austria, having been liberated...
Militia Forum Draws Army of Curious Gathering Sparks Debate, Debunks Myths, and Becomes Arena for Conspiracy Theories
THEY have become sort of a sociological exhibit in a zoo -- America's citizen militias, these men and women who run around in fatigues, brandish menacing weapons, and chant scary slogans about government.Yet a growing number people want to dip beneath...
North Korea's Enigmatic President-in-Waiting
IT'S a log cabin-to-White House tale of sorts, North Korean-style.Here, in a secret military camp nestled in the shadow of the Korean Peninsula's venerated ancestral mountain, Kim Jong Il, son and hand-picked successor of late North Korean dictator Kim...
N.Y.C. Schools Look to Arts Groups Programs Called 'Artnerships' Attempt to Fill the Void Left by Budget Cuts in City Schools
Long before she directed an award-winning film about Chinese theater and dance, Kim Eveleth found creative expression in her art and music classes at Manhattan's P. S. 84.Ms. Eveleth was a second-grader at the school when her cat died after falling from...
OUT ON VIDEO Dates in Parentheses Indicate a Full-Length Review of the Film in the Monitor
*Forrest Gump -- (PG-13, Paramount Home Video). Tom Hanks gives a well-sustained (and Oscar-winning) performance as a simple-minded, good-hearted Southerner whose life intersects with the events of the baby-boomer generation, from Elvis to AIDS. It's...
Philippines Vote Helps Boost Ramos's Reforms
DESPITE being one of the most active democracies in Asia, the Philippines' election last Sunday was nearly devoid of issues and riddled with violence. Official results won't be known for at least two weeks.But unofficial vote tallies by a watchdog group...
Renew Nonproliferation Accord to Control Spread of Nuclear Weapons
Renew Nonproliferation Accord to Control Spread Of Nuclear WeaponsThe opinion-page article "Nonproliferation: Now a Workable Idea," April 27, failed to underscore an important point: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is supposed to help nations acquire...
Republicans Keep Liddy's Type of Talk at Arm's Length
PRESIDENT Clinton gets a lot of back talk from talk show hosts when he says there's too much hate talk on the airwaves. They fire back that he's just being political, down on them because they're generally down on him. But in the romance between political...
Russian Ex-Weapons Factory Learns That Best Defense Is in Motorcycles, Not Missiles the West Is Closely Watching How Much Russia Demilitarizes
AT the formerly top-secret Tulamashzavod weapons factory in this provincial city, technical director Evgeny Dronov is busy overseeing the assembly of everything from motorcycles to miniature sewing machines.Just four years ago, when the Soviet Union...
Scientists Find Ozone Hole May Exist over North Pole
THE Antarctic ozone hole is a well-established effect. But what about the Arctic?There have been indications that the kind of chemistry that destroys ozone in the south is also at work in the north. A paper published yesterday in Nature magazine confirms...
Scrimmage Match in Congress over Money for Sports
THE biggest rivalry in college sports? Some might argue Duke-North Carolina in basketball or Miami-Florida State in football. But neither is as spirited as the collegiate gender bout that raged on Capitol Hill this week.One side of this congressional...
Shrinking East Jerusalem
ONE may look high and low and still find little good to say about an Israeli decision to expropriate hundreds more acres in Arab East Jerusalem. The decision, revealed by Housing Minister Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, and coming on the heels of a hotly contested...
Snowflakes and Silence with Cheese and Sausage
THE Konditorei, not substantially observed in Amerika as a patriotic institution, quickly caught our fancy as we began our motor trip through Germany.This was some years ago, and we hope things haven't changed all that much. We had bought an automobile...
Talking with the First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton Discusses Her Role in Politics, and as a Wife and Mother
MONITOR Radio's Sharon Basco, host of the Weekend Edition show, interviewed Hillary Rodham Clinton on a range of subjects recently, including her advice for future presidential spouses, the Oklahoma tragedy, and her aspirations for her daughter, Chelsea....
The Imam Swooned
The Imam Swooned(Imam Bayildi)4 medium-size eggplants (about 7 inches long)Salt (coarse or kosher is best)Extra-virgin olive oil1 green bell pepper, seeded and thinly sliced1 red bell pepper, seeded and thinly sliced3 cloves garlic, chopped3 ripe tomatoes,...
The Mother Who Is Always Near
I HAD a wonderful mother, and as a child I could always turn to her to be reassured and comforted. But when I grew up and left the home environment, I found that the great wide world didn't share my mother's tender solicitude for me! Life seemed to...
The News in Brief
The USFederal authorities filed bombing charges against Terry Nichols, who is currently being held in Kansas as a material witness in the Oklahoma City case, the Los Angeles Times and the New York Times reported. Nichols was scheduled for an initial...
The News in Brief
The USHouse Republicans won a first vote on their plan to slash the size of government, reduce social-welfare programs, and balance the budget in seven years. The Budget Committee voted 24-17 to send the measure to the full House. Both the House and...
'The Perez Family' Tells Lively Tale of Cubans Eager to Enter the US
'The Perez Family" is the latest film by Mira Nair, who made her first big impression on audiences when "Salaam Bombay!" won an Oscar nomination seven years ago.Less acclaim has greeted her more recent work, but she remains an important screen artist...
The Shame of Sarajevo
SARAJEVO is a mirror. Battered and bloodied by three years of siege, the cosmopolitan city of art and culture and the Olympics has been a sad symbol of the norms the West will accept in this era. Last year, in a rare but healthy moment of revulsion,...
Tracking America's Truck-Stop Index HEARTLAND SOUNDING BOARD
A HAY bale's throw from the house that Senate majority leader Bob Dole grew up in, Terry Mixer raises his voice above the rumble of a 2,000-horsepower diesel locomotive he's piloting slowly through Russell, Kan."Everything in Washington is a contest...
Trade at Loggerheads
AFTER years of talking, the United States and Japan still haven't ironed out their differences over trade. In fact, they're headed toward an open rift, with Washington set to impose punitive tariffs on Japanese automobiles.A dialogue between the world's...
US Auto Industry Welcomes Tough Car Talks with Japan Ford Makes Plans for a Fourfold Jump in Sales in Japan by 2000
BY the end of the century, Ford Motor Company hopes to increase its sales in Japan to 200,000 a year.Half of those vehicles will be produced for Ford by its Japanese affiliate, Mazda Motors. The rest will be imported.To achieve this more than fourfold...
US Banking Industry Wades Deeper into A Wave of Mergers
THE bank-merger wave keeps rolling along.This week it hit two financial linchpins of the Pacific Northwest: US Bancorp of Portland, Ore., and West One Bancorp of Boise, Idaho, which are joining to create a $30 billion regional giant, comparable to other...
US Women Tune Up for World Soccer Match Defending Champions Feature Superstar Michelle Akers; Coach's Views on Goalkeeping
WHEN the women's world soccer championships are played in Sweden June 5 to 18, the United States' Michelle Akers may induce more beads of sweat on opponents' brows than a good Swedish sauna.Akers on the attack is a chilling sight for any goalkeeper....
V-E Day Brings No Cheer Here
THE 50th anniversary of the end of World War II May 8 was observed without celebrations in Latvia as a solemn day to honor the victims of the war. In explaining why he wouldn't be going to Moscow to participate in ceremonies there, Latvia's President,...
Washington State Offers Legal Reform Lessons Its Limit on Damage Awards May Be Test Case for Nation
WHEN Jeff Heidingsfelder was killed in a refinery explosion in 1991, his family received a $4.6 million settlement from the refinery's owner, BP North American Petroleum Inc.What the family could not do, because the incident occurred in Washington State,...
Water-Skier Delights in Breaking the Age Barrier -- Barefoot Millionaire, Bank Executive, Movie Actor -- but What Really Absorbs George Blair Is Being Water-Skiing's Ambassador
WHEN it comes to water-skiing, as it always does with barefoot skier "Banana" George Blair, there's hardly anything he hasn't done.The octogenarian has skied behind an airboat in alligator-dotted Florida waters. He has kite-skied, and dropped like a...
Weary Wallets in US Weaken Retail Sales, Drop Interest Rates
AMERICAN consumers' legs are turning to jello.Traffic in model homes and car showrooms is drying up. Department stores are slashing prices to try to generate sales. And appliance manufacturers are scaling back their projections as they watch sales of...