The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from April 15, 1991

ANC to Set Up Self-Defense Units Underground Leader Explains Bid to Protect Followers from South African Township Violence
THE decision by the African National Congress to create armed self-defense units in violence-ravaged black townships - announced Saturday by Deputy President Nelson Mandela - was spelled out by the leader of the ANC underground, Ronnie Kasrils, in a...
Baker Wins Fragile Peace Support Arabs, Israel Agree to Idea of Meeting, but Doubts Persist about Resolution of Enduring Disputes
TWO years and one war later, the Bush administration is back where it started: cautiously peddling a Middle East peace plan that neither Arabs nor Israelis are willing to define or reject.During his first year as secretary of state, James Baker III worked...
Beauty, Controversy and Violence in D.C. Cherry Tree Blooms Put a Pretty Face on Multifaceted Nation's Capital - a Letter from Washington
IN official Washington, the Bush administration hopes its increased relief effort will help keep starving Kurds alive without getting America stuck in an Iraqi quagmire.In tourist Washington, visitors throng Capitol Hill, swirl around the Washington...
Bolivians Protest US Militarization of Drug War
BOLIVIA'S 60,000 coca producers, the Roman Catholic Church, and all opposition parties are stepping up protests against 117 United States Army instructors being sent, for the first time, to train two Bolivian infantry battalions to enter the drug war.In...
Brazil's Farms Surmount Obstacles to Export Exotic Specialty Foods
THE color recalls a maritime sunset, with shades of pink, orange, and red. Hanging on small trees in this region's dry sandy soil, the exotic acerola, or "cherry of the Antilles" beckons the taste buds. The Japanese are said to rave about this fruit,...
`Closet Land' Raises Disturbing Issues
IF you decide to see "Closet Land," be certain you know what you're in for.The movie has only two characters: a woman who's been arrested and the man who's in charge of her case. Most of the film shows him interrogating and torturing her, in sessions...
ConAgra Sees Growth amid Slump CEO Expects Hot Market for Health-Conscious Foods, Defends Charges of Windfall Profits. INTERVIEW
CHARLES M. HARPER, Mike to his friends, was honored this month by the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business as its 1991 distinguished alumnus.Looking at ConAgra Inc., of which Mr. Harper has served as chairman since 1981, it's not hard to...
Day Care Program Bridges Generations A Year after Opening, Stride Rite Intergenerational Day Care Center Has Learned Not-So-Easy Lessons about Natural, Not Forced, Interaction among Children and Elders
FIVE elderly women and three preschool children sit around a rectangular art table, supplied with a carton of hard-boiled eggs and bowls of red, blue, and yellow vinegar-scented dye.An onlooker might think the activity is egg coloring, but here at the...
Democrats See Trade as Potent Election Issue
IF you thought George Bush was about to give away your job to Mexico, would you get involved in the 1992 election?Some Democrats hope the answer is, "Yes, in a big way."President Bush supports a controversial treaty that would throw open America's doors...
Downsizing Demands Heeded Environmental, Aesthetic, and Economic Considerations Prompt More Modest Approach. NOT-SO-HIGH-RISE CONSTRUCTION
DEVELOPER Donald Trump's name is clearly emblazoned on many of his projects here, but the much-touted Trump City will not be one of them. That proposal, which included plans for the world's tallest building, has been cut back to half its original size...
End of Warsaw Pact Means a New Europe but the Withdrawal of Soviet Forces from Central Europe Leaves a Security Vacuum the West Cannot Ignore
THE Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO or Warsaw Pact) has ceased to exist. As this alliance folds up its tents in Eastern Europe, the continent passes from an era of hegemonic control and bipolarity into a time that appears to be, simultaneously, hopeful...
From Home Instruction to Harvard University
WHEN Grant Colfax was growing up there were lots of questions about why he didn't go to school. Now that he's graduated from Harvard University and is completing his second year at Harvard Medical School, people have stopped questioning his home-based...
From the Fish's Mouth
MY young daughter has a magnetized alphabet that she plays with on our refrigerator door. She doesn't read yet, so her words turn out like "BRXTYZ" and "HGYOATX." Recently, though, she left me a startling and unintended message. There among a hodgepodge...
Home Schooling: A Variable Concept
HOME schooling is legal in all 50 states, but legal restraints vary.Iowa and Michigan, the two most restrictive states, require home-school instructors to be certified teachers. California, Oregon, and Washington, which have been pioneer home-schooling...
Jet Propulsion Lab's New Director Anticipates Planetary Exploration
THE Magellan radar mapper is sending back pictures of Venus. Galileo, now on its way to explore Jupiter and its moons, will "eyeball" the asteroid Gaspra in October. Mars Observer is being readied for a September 1992 launch on a mission to map the Red...
Leading Peruvians Spurn Antidrug Pact with United States
THE Peru-United States bilateral agreement on drugs, seemingly ready to be signed a month ago, seems certain to be delayed.An open letter to Peru's Congress signed by 24 leading Peruvian development and nongovernment organizations calls for rejection...
Less Foreign Money Flows to US Markets
THE United States dollar has been climbing again in relation to overseas currencies. Smaller stocks have been nudging US equity markets higher. And many economists expect the recession to be over by mid-summer.Are these factors enough to lure overseas...
More Businesses Now Help with Child Care
CHILD-CARE advocates and researchers say that over the past decade there has been a phenomenal increase in the number of American businesses providing child-care assistance.The growth has been "astronomic," says Daniel Dreyer, research assistant in the...
News Currents
MIDDLE EAST AND GULF</P><P>UN High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata arrived in Iran this weekend to assess the plight of more than 1 million Iraqi refugees who have fled to Iran for sanctuary. She will also visit Turkey, where hundreds...
Peru's Plight
`DESPERATION is our only hope." Those are the ironic words of a Peruvian official surveying the wreckage of his nation's economic, political, and social structures. Nothing short of desperation, he was saying, will release the commitment and steam required...
Postwar Tolls
THE Iraqi-Kurdish nightmare provided a stark contrast to the red, white, and blue welcome-home party for the troops broadcast last night on network TV, featuring President Bush, General Schwarzkopf, and Bob Hope.American men and women are coming home...
Social Scenes by a Humble Hand
AMERICA has always been populated by a variety of ethnic groups, each of which has made unique contributions to our society. This is particularly true of African-American artists, whose often-overlooked achievements have been inextricably woven into...
Staying on in the Gulf the Tentative US Deal with Bahrain for a Base in the Region Faces Rough Waters
THE late March skirmishing between Washington and Bahrain over the establishment of a permanent US military base in the Gulf highlights a central strategic puzzle confronting the White House in the aftermath of the ground war with Iraq. Arab regimes...
Teaching the `Unreachable'
`FOR Teilhard de Chardin, teaching is profoundly religious, for it advances the fallen and defective world toward its inevitable perfection. For Plato, teaching is the ultimate act of love, for it is the means by which we propagate the existence of our...
The CD Packaging Debate Environmentalists Head for Another Round with Music Industry
WHEN the phase-out of vinyl recordings began and compact discs started to take over the marketplace, record companies came up with the now infamous "long box" - a 12-inch package, the same height as a vinyl record, that would fit into the same space...
The New Realities That Flow from War
THE medium isn't the message. It can beguile us with fiction's laundered, limited drama. It can deliver the world's realities and their meaning. The medium - television - can also present sermons for our consideration. Two televised scenes, juxtaposed,...
US Pullout Sparks Riots in Iraqi Refugee Camps Refugees Worry That Lightly Armed UN Force Will Fail to Protect Them
A SANDSTORM howls around the tent, as United States Maj. Tom Grubbs sits down wearily on a pile of food cartons, exhausted by all the questions to which he had no answers.His face is drawn and dusty from the swirling sand and the hot wind that seems...
When a Home Is the Schoolhouse Home Schooling Gains as a Legitimate Alternative among Parents Skeptical of Public Education
CATHY PHILLIPS withdrew her third-grade son, Jonathan, from a suburban Boston public school in January and hasn't sent him back since. Now that she's teaching him at home, she says he's learning more than he was in school.Mrs. Phillips has designed a...