Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 1, 1998

Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale and 16PF Second-Order Factors
The SOC scale (A. Antonovsky, 1987) purports to measure a disposition which engenders and enhances health but some empirical findings suggest that it is seriously contaminated with negative affectivity. In a criterion validation on 100 undergraduates...
Read preview Overview
A Severe Test of Interpersonal Theory of Depression among Criminal Defendants
We attempted to place Coyne's ( 1976) interpersonal theory of depression in grave danger of refutation among a highly specialized psychiatric sample (76 criminal defendants referred for psychiatric evaluation). We assessed whether mood-disordered subjects...
Read preview Overview
Confucian Values and Conflict Behavior of Asian Managers: A Comparison of Two Countries
It has been speculated that the conflict behaviors of Chinese and Japanese managers are more or less the same since both cultures are considered as collectivistic and high-contextual; and they inherit Confucian teachings as the cornerstone of their social...
Read preview Overview
Correlates of Attitudes toward the Application of Eugenics to the Treatment of People with Intellectual Disabilities
Eighty-five Canadian men and women ranging in age from 19 to 74 yrs participated in a study of the relationship between personal characteristics and attitudes toward the application of eugenics to the treatment of people with intellectual disabilities....
Read preview Overview
Life Satisfaction and Life Demands in College Students
Researchers have proposed that life satisfaction may be increased by reduced life involvement (i.e., the scarcity hypothesis) or increased by greater life involvement (i.e., the expansion hypothesis). This study attempted to determine if female and male...
Read preview Overview
Need for Cognition and Thought-Induced Attitude Polarization: Examining Possible Demand Characteristics
Two sets of research demonstrate that individual differences in need for cognition moderate the effect of thought on attitude polarization. However, one set indicates that a low need for cognition is associated with greater thought-induced attitude polarization,...
Read preview Overview
Observational Learning Effectiveness as a Function of Model Characteristics: Investigating the Importance of Social Power
Observational learning is an important component of human learning. According to Bandura ( 1 965), observational learning is characterized by four stages: attention, retention, motor reproduction, and motivation. The first stage, attention, is a crucial...
Read preview Overview
Perceptions of Parenting Styles and Parent-Adolescent Conflict in Adolescents with Low Academic Achievement in Hong Kong
Chinese secondary school students with low academic achievement (N=365) responded to instruments measuring their perceived paternal and maternal parenting styles and behavior, and conflict with the father and the mother. Compared with the norm based...
Read preview Overview
The Effects of Organizational Centrality on Employee Career Success and Satisfaction
The relationships between the outcomes of career success and career satisfaction and organizational centrality, how close employees are to where power, information and decision making are concentrated in their organization, was examined among 79 employees...
Read preview Overview
The Protective Style Questionnaire: Self-Protective Mechanisms among Stigmatized Adolescents
Crocker and Major (1989) hypothesized three mechanisms by which members of stigmatized groups may protect self-esteem. The mechanisms are: a) ingroup social comparisons, b) valuing/devaluing performance selectively, and c) racial prejudice. We provide...
Read preview Overview
The Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale: Test with a Non-Student, Asian-American Sample
Ethnic diversity is a major trend in the United States with Asian Americans constituting a rapidly growing percentage of the population. Consequently, acculturation among Asian-Americans is an important issue since ethnic diversity both offers cultural...
Read preview Overview
Victim Target Networks as Solvability Factors in Serial Murder
The situational context in which the serial killer targets his victims is critical to understanding the hunting patterns of a predator. However, police and researchers eschew victim target networks (VTN). Rather, their attention is overwhelmingly concerned...
Read preview Overview