Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 1, 2007

Applying Theories of Institutional Helping to Informal Volunteering: Motives, Role Identity, and Prosocial Personality
Dispositional variables from a volunteer model were shown to apply to informal volunteering. The model integrates two theories of the volunteer process: functional analysis and role identity theory. Undergraduates, (N = 139), completed an informal volunteer...
A Self-Presentational Approach to Transmission of Good and Bad News
People are reluctant to transmit bad news, a tendency named as the MUM effect. One explanation of this effect suggests that people do not want to construct negative impressions by being associated with bad news. In this study, transmission of good and...
Factor Analysis and Psychometric Evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (Cd-Risc) with Chinese People
This study examines the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Connor and Davidson's Resilience Scale (CD-RISC; 2003), an American instrument originating from a posttraumatic stress disorder research program. Confirmatory factor analysis of...
Future Time Orientation and Religion
The purposes of this study were to evaluate whether Future Time Orientation (FTO) was associated with interest in the future beyond death, and/or with level of belief in religion, and also to validate an instrument aimed at measuring belief in religion...
Gender Differences in Relational and Physical Aggression
A sample of 134 (93 female, 41 male) university students were evaluated with measures of relational and physical aggression, as well as measures of the five personality factors (NEO Five-Factor Inventory; Costa & McCrae, 1992), depression and anxiety...
Group Formation in a Simulated Scavenger Hunt: How Big and Diverse Should a Successful Group Be?
Male and female university students (121) received 1 of 8 scenarios describing a hypothetical scavenger hunt. Subjects could form a group to assist them in the hunt or work alone. Groups could be homogeneous or diverse in terms of gender, age, and familiarity....
Identity Status of Turkish University Students in Relation to Their Evaluation of Family Problems
The relationship between the evaluation of Turkish university students of their family problems and their age, gender and identity status was studied. The study group was composed of 291 students from Hacettepe University. The results of the study showed...
Love of Life as a New Construct in the Well-Being Domain
Love of life is defined as a generally positive attitude towards one's own life, a liking for it, and pleasurable attachment to it. The Love of Life Scale (LLS) was constructed by the author. It consists of 16 short statements with high internal consistency...
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Risk Perception by Healthcare Personnel in a Public Hospital
This study examines perceived risk of contamination by methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among Healthcare personnel in a French university hospital. MRSA poses a public health threat for Healthcare staff who work in a hospital environment....
Perceived Paternal and Maternal Acceptance and Children's Outcomes in Colombia
The relationship between perceived paternal and maternal acceptance and children's adjustment was analyzed. The sample consisted of 234 children and 234 parental figures (mother or primary female caregiver, and father or primary male caregiver) living...
Perception of Female Buttocks and Breast Size in Profile
This study looked at the contribution of breast size and buttock size on ratings of female physical attractiveness in profile. A total of 114 British undergraduates rated 9 silhouettes with 3 varying levels of breast size and 3 levels of buttock size....
The Antecedents of Help Giving in Chinese Culture: Attribution, Judgment of Responsibility, Expectation Change and the Reaction of Affect
The quantitative relationships among attributional locus, stability, controllability, judgment of responsibility, affect response and help giving were detected. Participants were 219 employees and managers, and the structural equation model that reflected...
What Price Do You Ask for the "Extra One"?: A Social Value Orientation Perspective
The concept of social value orientation was used to explore individuals' decisions in asking price when they had an "extra one" that someone wanted to buy. Results from an experimental study indicated that competitors' asking price was higher than those...