Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 2, 2006

Internal Consistency, Reliability, and Temporal Stability of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire Short-Form: Test-Retest Data over Two Weeks
The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire short-form (Hills & Argyle, 2002) is an 8-item measure of happiness. This study evaluated the internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire short-form among 55...
Measuring Happiness with a Single-Item Scale
This study examined the accuracy of measuring happiness by a single item (Do you feel happy in general?) answered on an 11-point scale (0-10). Its temporal stability was 0.86. The correlations between the single item and both the Oxford Happiness Inventory...
Normative Data from the Standardization of Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices in Kuwait in an International Context
A probability sample (N=6,594) of Kuwaiti school students aged 8-15 years responded to the Raven Standard Progressive Matrices (Raven, 1958). The test was administered, untimed, in group sessions. In this paper, the smoothed summary age norms for Kuwait...
Relationships between Self-Efficacy, Coping and Student Retention
Relationships between self-efficacy, coping and retention among first-year undergraduate students were investigated. Qualitative methods were used to develop a self-efficacy measure assessing confidence to achieve those competencies required to successfully...
Sensation Seeking and Pedestrian Crossing Compliance
Seventy-nine students were stopped by researchers after crossing a pedestrian crossing when the light was either green or red in conjunction with 4 different conditions: with or without the presence of a policeman and hurrying or not hurrying. Later,...
Shame-Focused Coping: An Empirical Study of the Compass of Shame
The way in which one copes with, or defends against, shame has important implications. The Compass of Shame (Nathanson, 1992) is a conceptual model consisting of four shame-coping styles: Attack Self, Withdrawal, Attack Other, and Avoidance. Participants...
The Moderating Role of Helplessness in Rheumatoid Arthritis, a Chronic Disease
The role of psychosocial factors that contribute to the maintenance of health has been conceptualized in terms of a health-sustaining function (or direct-effects hypothesis), as well as a stress-reducing function (or moderating hypothesis). This study...
The Relationships between Coping Strategies and Depression among Turkish Adolescents
The relationships between coping strategies and depression were examined in a sample of 543 Turkish adolescents using a Turkish version of the Coping Across Situations Questionnaire (Seiffge-Krenke, 1995). MANOVA results revealed significant main effects...
The Short-Form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (Epqr-S): A German Edition
A sample of 331 undergraduate students in Germany completed the German translation of the short form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQR-S; Eysenck, Eysenck, & Barrett, 1985). The findings support the psychometric properties of the extraversion,...
Why Johnny Still Can't Add: Predictors of University Students' Performance on an Elementary Arithmetic Test
Undergraduates (N = 75) at a liberal arts college were given the D'Amore Test (DT; Hume, 1932), a measure of elementary arithmetic skills which uses 10 simple items taken directly from a third-grade curriculum of 1932. Unlimited time and written rough...