Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 5, 2006

A Cross-Societal Comparative Study of Beijing and Hong Kong Children's Self-Concept
This was a cross-sectional comparative study of the self-concept of Beijing and Hong Kong grade three and five children. Beijing students scored much higher than Hong Kong students on the academic, social, physical and general domains and all the perspectives...
A Longitudinal Study of the Relationship between Positive Affect and Both Problem- and Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies
The relationship between positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA) and reported use of problem-focused or emotion-focused coping strategies was investigated in a longitudinal study. Japanese undergraduates (200 men and 270 women) completed a version...
An Evaluation of Consumerism and Lifestyle as Correlates of a Voluntary Simplicity Lifestyle
Data from a questionnaire were collected from 189 Japanese female undergraduates at a women's university. They were 18, 19, or 20 years of age. The measures included a 22-item 7-point voluntary simplicity lifestyle scale, a 9-item 5-point scale of the...
Attitudes towards Women: A Study of Gender and Academic Domain Differences in a Sample of Turkish University Students
This study examined the effects of gender, academic domain and grade level on attitudes towards women in 626 Turkish university students. Undergraduates were drawn from Faculty of Education, the School of Health. Faculty of Economics and Administrative...
Effects of Goal Orientation, Error Orientation and Self-Efficacy on Performance in an Uncertain Situation
This study explores the interrelationship among goal orientation, self-regulatory mechanisms and error orientation with a view to predicting performance in a management task involving decision making at a furniture factory in an uncertain situation....
Frequency of Parallel, Associative, and Cooperative Play in British Children of Different Socioeconomic Status
This pilot study tested for socioeconomic status (SES) differences in the frequency of social play in British children. Participants were 40 children, 3-5 years old, selected in equal numbers from two nurseries, one in a high and the other in a low SES...
Hierarchical Dimensions of Coping Styles: A Study Conducted with Turkish University Students
An empirical examination was carried out of the hierarchical dimensions of coping styles in a Turkish sample. Ways of coping data were collected from 194 university students, subjected to factor analysis and 5 factors were obtained. These factors were...
Korean Working Adults' and Undergraduates' Attitudes towards, and Self-Efficacy in, Joining Drinking Parties
This study compared Korean working adults' participation in drinking parties with work colleagues, with Korean undergraduates' participation in drinking parties with fellow students, to examine if being employed versus being an undergraduate had effects...
Organizational Justice, Motivation to Learn, and Training Outcomes
This study attempted to examine the impacts of trainees' perceived organizational fairness on their motivation to learn, reactions, and learning. Results with 370 subjects indicated that interactional justice mediates the relationships between distributive/procedural...
Perceptions of the Combination of Hiv/aids and Alcohol as a Risk Factor among Sti Clinic Attenders in South Africa: Implications for HIV Prevention
With the emergence of HIV/AIDS as a global health threat, there has been increasing interest among researchers in understanding sexual risk-taking behavior. The finding of a strong link between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV suggests...
Social Influence, Desirability and Relationship Investment: The Effects of Resourcefulness and Sexual Permissiveness
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of social information about a prospective mate on evaluations of attractiveness, social desirability, and desired relationship. Men and women rated opposite-sex targets with (or without) peer information...
"You're Helpful" versus "That's Clear". Social versus Functional Label in the Foot-in-the-Door Paradigm
In this experiment, the effect of two kinds of labels in the foot-in-the-door paradigm were tested. The first one refers to what the individual is (social label); the second refers to the usefulness of the performed behavior (functional label). It appears...