Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 2, 2008

Associations between School Bullying and Psychosocial Factors
The aim of the study was to determine the relationship of bullying behavior at school with indicators of psychosocial health (self-esteem, happiness, relationships in family and with teachers, smoking and alcohol use) and with social-demographical factors...
Does Task-Related Identified Regulation Moderate the Sociometer Effect? a Study of Performance Feedback, Perceived Inclusion, and State Self-Esteem
The aim of this study was to understand the processes explaining the effects of private performance feedback (success vs. failure) on state self-esteem from the stance of sociometer theory and self-determination theory. We investigated whether or not...
Experienced Stress, Psychological Symptoms, Self-Rated Health and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Study of Swedish University Students
In this study we investigated whether or not problems experienced during years at university affect academic achievement. Students enrolled full-time at a Swedish university were followed up from their year of entry in 1998/1999 through to 2000/2001...
Gender Differences in Latency and Duration of Emotional Expression in 7-Through 13-Month-Old Infants
A total of 82 infants aged 7 through 13 months were each presented with a randomized order of stimuli in a large descriptive study. All infants passed developmental screening tests (5-minute Apgar and Denver II; Apgar, 1953; Frankenburg & Dodds,...
Machiavellianism and Psychopathy: An East-West Note
Keywords: machiavellianism, personality, primary psychopath, affective poverty, lack of remorse, guilt, manipulativeness.Western theory and research has found a positive relationship between the Machiavellian personality (Mach) and the Primary Psychopath...
Moderate and Severe Aggression Justification in Instrumental and Reactive Contexts
The main goal of this study was to analyze the justification of interpersonal aggression in various situations or contexts. For this purpose, a self-report instrument was employed that measures different kinds of aggressive behaviors in situations in...
Perceived Stress, Self-Efficacy and Its Relations to Psychological Well-Being Status in Iranian Male High School Students
Psychological stress has been found to be associated with a variety of ailments and health outcomes in adolescents. This study investigated the relationships between perceived stress, general self-efficacy and mental health status among Iranian male...
Personality, Attention to Detail and Telephone Manner
Over 1,200 potential callcenter sales staff answered a printed job advertisement by telephone. Trained raters judged the applicant on 3 dimensions and around 450 were called to a face-to-face interview. At the interview they were given a personality...
Teacher or Playmate? Asian Immigrant and Euro-American Parents' Participation in Their Young Children's Daily Activities
Parents often arrange activities for their children either by providing them with opportunities or restricting their participation. The way children spend their time affects their cognitive and social development. This study compares the involvement...
The Role of Organizational Socialization in Burnout: A Taiwanese Example
Previous research predominantly used the conservation of resources (COR) model (Schaufeli & Enzmann, 1998) and the job demands-resources (JD-R) model (Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001) to explain burnout. In this study, organizational...
The Student Style Questionnaire in Relation to Improved Academic Scores in Kuwaiti Middle-School Science Classes
Changes in learning theory have precipitated changes in the way in which students and the learning process in general are viewed. Research has underscored the differences in student characteristics, especially between students whose temperament styles...
Unemployment Worries among Turkish University Students
The aim of the present study was to determine whether or not young university students are worried about being unemployed after graduation. Choice of field for university education influences unemployment worries and therefore we collected data from...