Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 4, 2003

Conceptualization of Mental Illness within Arab Cultures: Meeting Challenges in Cross-Cultural Settings
This article reviews some of the cultural characteristics and conceptualizations that distinguish Arab patients. It is important to note that the terms Arab and Arabic do not necessarily indicate a monolithic approach. Conceptually, the term Arabic denotes...
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HIV/AIDS Education in South Africa: Teacher Knowledge about HIV/AIDS: Teacher Attitude about and Control of HIV/AIDS Education
The aim of this study was to assess secondary school teachers' comfort in teaching adolescents about sexuality and HIV/AIDS, behavioral control and outcome beliefs about HIV/AIDS education and teacher knowledge about HIV/AIDS. The sample consisted of...
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Instrumental and Expressive Traits: Their Relationship and Their Association with Biological Sex
The study tested a part of Helgeson's (1994) model and examined the association between instrumental and expressive traits, and their relationship to biological sex in a sample of 242 university students. Women scored higher on expressive traits and...
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Occupation, Job Characteristics, and the Use of Alcohol and Other Drugs
This study uses detailed information from the Department of Labor (O'NET 98) concerning the characteristics and content of 1,122 occupations, and combines these data with information on alcohol and drug use collected by the Substance Abuse and Mental...
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Risk Evaluation and Risky Behavior of High and Low Sensation Seekers
This study was aimed at achieving a better understanding of the role of the mediation of risk evaluation between personality and risk-taking behavior. Fifty-five females and twenty males completed the Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS) and self-report inventory...
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Social Self-Efficacy and Interpersonal Stress in Adolescence
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and interpersonal stress in adolescence. Three scales, measuring social self-efficacy, interpersonal stress and interpersonal stress coping were administered to 180...
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Technology and Self-Regulation: The Case of Alarm Clock Use
A study of 417 undergraduate students examined a hypothesized correlation between use of alarm clocks to awaken and self-regulatory skills. As predicted, use of awakening aids (alarm clocks, household members) was negatively correlated with self-regulation...
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Testosterone Treatment, Affect, and Appearance: Slight Effects in Normal Subjects
In a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled experiment, 64 women and 26 men applied testosterone and placebo skin creams during two five- to seven-day periods. Subjects provided serum samples for testosterone assay, completed a daily affect measure,...
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The Big Five and Sexual Attitudes in Spanish Students
The aim of this study was to check the relationship existing between the Big Five, together with attitudes towards sexuality, in a sample of 255 Spanish university students (196 female, 59 male). A shortened Spanish interpretation of the Big Five (Benet-Martinez...
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The Effects of Social Trust on Consumer Perceptions of Food Safety
This study investigated the extent to which social trust affects consumers' food safety opinions. Additionally, it examined the determinants of social trust in governmental agencies and advocacy groups responsible for food safety. It also examined relationships...
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Yassir Arafat: Behavioral and Strategic Analysis
This paper is a behavioral and strategic analysis of Palestinian Chairman, Yassir Arafat. The research is qualitatively compiled, using broad samples of behavior, referring to thoughts, feelings, and actions that have been reported in the media over...
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