Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 9, 2007

Adolescent Egocentrism and Theory of Mind: In the Context of Family Relations
While dealing with the issues of theory of mind (ToM) and false belief, the author realized that adolescents have similar false beliefs to those of children, but in a more complex manner. These false beliefs seem to be related to a typical developmental...
A Policy-Capturing Approach to Comparing the Reward Allocation Decisions of Taiwanese and U.S. Managers
In this study the effects of three key factors (affect, loyalty, and contribution) of the managersubordinate exchange relationship on two types of reward decision (monetary rewards and nonmonetary incentives) were examined. A policy-capturing approach...
Dispositions Related to Sensitivity in the Neurological Basis for Activation of Approach-Avoidance Motivation, Antisocial Attributes and Individual Differences in Aggressive Behavior
During the last 30 years, social learning theory has been at the theoretical forefront of research on development of antisocial behavior. Only a few studies have focused on temperamental factors that underlie, determine, and maintain antisocial behavior....
Do Personality Traits Predict Work Values of Chinese College Students?
The relationship between the work values and personality of Chinese college students is examined. Qualitative methods were employed to develop work values scale is examined to assess the work values of Chinese college students. A total of 661 students...
Examining the Relationship between Parents' Gender Roles and Responsibilities towards Their Children (a Turkish Example)
This study was planned and conducted in order to determine parents' gender roles and their influence on children and their attitudes towards responsibility. The study involved 600 people (405 men, 195 women) selected through a random sampling method...
Fuzzy Partial Credit Scaling: A Valid Approach for Scoring the Beck Depression Inventory
In this study a new scaling method was proposed and validated, fuzzy partial credit scaling (FPCS), which combines fuzzy set theory (FST; Zadeh, 1965) with the partial credit model (PCM) for scoring the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-ll; Beck, Steer,...
Recognizing and Drawing Emotional Facial Expression Skills of Mentally Retarded Children
This study evaluated the skills of mentally retarded children in recognizing and drawing emotional facial expressions. The study group was made up of 38 mentally retarded students, including 12 girls and 26 boys, who were in three different educational...
The Causal Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment
Job Satisfaction (JS) and Organizational Commitment (OC) have been the subjects of a large amount of empirical research, but the nature of the causal relationship between JS and OC is still disputed. This paper provides a thorough assessment of the causal...
The Empathic Tendencies and Skills of Nursing Students
The objective of this two-staged study was to examine effects of problem-based learning (PBL) on empathy of nursing students. ET (Empathic tendency) and ES (Empathic skill) scales were used to collect data. The first stage of the study was descriptive...
The Influences of Personality and Motivation on Exercise Participation and Quality of Life
The major purpose of this study was to identify the effects of personality on individual exercise motivation and exercise participation, which then influences quality of life. A comprehensive model was developed, based on an extensive literature review,...
Treating Stress-Related Pain in a Clinical Sample with Flotation-Rest: A Further Report on Improvements in Pain Assessed by the Pain Area Inventory (Pai)
Keywords: stress, pain, flotation-REST, PAI, clinical sample.Thirty-two patients (29 women and 3 men) with stress-related ailments were recruited through the Community Health Care Centre in the city of Lidkoping, Sweden. The mean age was 47.75 years...
Who Gives What to Charity? Characteristics Affecting Donation Behavior
Giving to charities takes two major forms: time and money. In this study the authors explored whether donors/nondonors can be distinguished using demographic, socioeconomic, and psychographic variables suggested by literature across disciplines. Data...