Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 1, 2008

Academic Attributional Style, Self-Efficacy and Gender: A Cross-Cultural Comparison
The relationships between academic attributional style (AAS), self-efficacy, gender and culture were investigated in this study. Three research questions "Is AAS influenced by self-efficacy, gender and culture?", "Does AAS operate in the same way in...
Beliefs about Cough Medicine Abuse among Chinese Young People in Hong Kong
Beliefs about cough medicine abuse among Chinese young people were examined using the Beliefs about Cough Medicine Abuse Scale (BACMAS; developed by Shek). A total of 225 Chinese young people, including 160 cough medicine abusers and 65 noncough-medicine...
Evaluation of Interventions Based on Depression Sign Scores of Adolescents
The aim in this study was to compare effects of problem-based group therapy and occupational therapy on depression scores six months after the Marmara earthquake in Golcuk. The study included 187 seventh grade students. Data were collected with the Children's...
Factors Affecting Hopelessness Levels of Turkish Preteenagers Attending Primary School: A Structural Equation Model
This study was designed to determine the factors affecting hopelessness about the future of 10-12-year-old Turkish primary school students. Firstly, descriptive factor analysis was applied in order to determine the factors affecting hopelessness levels,...
Gender and Racial Representation in Children's Television Programming in Kuwait: Implications for Education
An examination was carried out of television programs made for children and also television programs that involved children, regardless of their intended audience. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of these programs in terms of gender...
Gender Differences in Belief-Based Targets for Physical Activity Intervention among Adolescents
This study elicited salient Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) beliefs about physical activity among adolescents (Study 1) and then used these beliefs to evaluate gender differences in intention and behavior (Study 2). Study 1 was conducted with...
I Feel like a Fraud and It Depresses Me: The Relation between the Imposter Phenomenon and Depression
Are the negative thought patterns and self-doubt associated with the Imposter Phenomenon similar to the negative thought patterns and self-doubt that many individuals who have mild depression experience? If so, it is reasonable to believe that a relation...
Moral Reasoning among Kuwaiti Adolescents
The goal in the study was to examine the moral reasoning patterns of a sample of Kuwaiti male and female adolescents, and whether or not gender had an influence on their moral reasoning. There were 90 participants; 45 males and 45 females. They were...
Personality and Ambivalence in Decisions about Becoming Parents
Decisions about becoming parents are difficult to make, and individuals may face ambivalence between hoped-for positive and feared negative aspects of parenthood. Using two samples, we analyzed whether personality is related to ambivalence in parenthood...
Prejudices against, and Social Responsibilities towards, the Disabled
Common prejudices disguised in various forms against the disabled are discussed in this paper. Specifically, it was investigated whether socially responsible behaviors can be stimulated by providing information about the life conditions of the disabled....
The Study of Emotional Contagion from the Perspective of Interpersonal Relationships
Emotional contagion was examined from the perspective of interpersonal relationships. Using a vignette paradigm, 156 Japanese undergraduates (108 females and 48 males) assumed either a friend, acquaintance, senior, or junior as their partner. Their emotional...
Usage of Unauthorized Software in Taiwan
In this study usage of unauthorized software was examined in detail to reveal the methods by which users obtain pirated software, the quantities and varieties of pirated software in use, and the evaluations and intentions of repeat purchases. In general,...
Volunteer Satisfaction and Volunteer Action: A Functional Approach
A functional approach to understanding the volunteer process was applied to 192 predominantly long-term hospice volunteers. The relationships among volunteer antecedents (motives), experiences (motive fulfillment, satisfaction), and outcomes (time spent...