Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 4, 2008

An Artificial Neural Network Approach to Hotel Employee Satisfaction: The Case of China
At present, the hotel employment sector in China has a high rate of employee turnover compared to other services. This is not unlike other countries. The reason for the turnover among hotel employees may be lower worker satisfaction resulting in decreased...
An Evaluation of Teachers' Views of Primary School Principals' Practice of Democratic Values
The purpose of the study was to evaluate teachers' views about the level of practice of democratic values by primary school principals. Participants were 300 primary school teachers from four different regions of Turkey. The data were collected through...
Assessing Motivation and Learning Strategies Using the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire in a Foreign Language Learning Context
This study pinpointed the lack of, and necessity for, using standardized questionnaires for the study of learner motivation in the foreign language (L2) learning context. To compare the similarities and differences in general education and L2 learning,...
Changes in Emotion of the Chinese Public in Regard to the Sars Period
The aim in this study was to investigate the characteristics and regularity of changes in mental state of the Chinese public during the period of the SARS outbreak in China (2003). The self-administered SARS Mentality Questionnaire was sent to 8775 people...
Correlates of Suicide Risk among Secondary School Students in Cape Town
The aim of this study was to assess correlates of suicide risk in a South African school-based population (N = 1,157) from three secondary schools in Cape Town. Results indicated that using the Suicide Risk Screen (SRS; Eggert, Herting, & Thompson,...
Headteachers' Leadership Behavior and Problem-Solving Skills: A Comparative Study
In this research, the relationship between headteachers' leadership behaviors and problemsolving skills was investigated. The sample comprised 268 headteachers, 53 female and 215 male. The research instruments used were the Leadership Behavior Scale...
Influence of Family and Environment on Students' Occupational Choices and Expectations of Their Prospective Universities
This study was focused mainly on students' expectations of their prospective universities, and the question of whether or not family background or social status affect their career decisions was investigated. The sample consisted of 2,459 students in...
Optimism and Pessimism in Kuwaiti and Omani Undergraduates
In this study we investigated cultural differences and correlates of optimism and pessimism in Kuwaiti (n = 600) and Omani (n = 600) undergraduates. All respondents completed the Arabic Scale of Optimism and Pessimism (ASOP; Abdel-Khalek & Alansari,...
Parental Rearing Attitudes and Health-Related Lifestyle of University Students
Using a written questionnaire survey of 200 first-year university students, we investigated associations between parental rearing attitudes and health-related lifestyle. Participants completed the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI; Parker, Tupling, &...
Perceived Causes of Poverty in Developing Nations: Causes of Third World Poverty Questionnaire in Spanish-Speaking Samples
The aim of this paper was to analyze the factorial structure of the Causes of Third World Poverty Questionnaire (CTWPQ; Harper, 2002) in Spanish-speaking samples from two countries at different levels of development: Spain (developed nation) and Nicaragua...
Rigidity as a Predictor of Older Persons' Aging Stereotypes and Aging Self-Perceptions
Rigidity has been previously associated with the propensity of dominant group members to target stigmatized groups with negative stereotypes. It was considered in this study whether or not rigidity predicts that members of a stigmatized group, the elderly...
The Relationship between Thinking Styles and Level of Externality: A Study of Turkish Female Preschool Student Teachers
The relationship between thinking styles and level of externality is examined in this study in which 108 female preschool student teachers at Marmara University participated. The participants responded to the Thinking Style Inventory (TSI; Stemberg &...
The Relationship of Psychological Birth Order to Irrational Relationship Beliefs
Psychological birth order is examined as a predictor of irrational relationship beliefs among Turkish people (N = 423) using a Turkish version (Kalkan, 2005) of the WhiteCampbell Psychological Birth Order Inventory (Campbell, White, & Stewart, 1991)...
Triggers of Most Embarrassing Moment Recollections in a College Sample
Keywords: embarrassment, social mistake, faux pas, embarrassing situation.Sabini, Siepmann, Stein, and Meyerowitz (2000) identified three types of situations which trigger embarrassment and created a subscale of each subtype of trigger. The three subtypes...