Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 6, 2002

Cultural Issues in Prenatal Care and Midfery Practice
A preliminary enquiry is made into midwives' perceptions of cultural issues in prenatal care. Twenty-three midwives completed a questionnaire in a formal setting. The major findings show that comprehension is identified as the most preferred cultural...
Dissimulation, Intelligence and Personality
One hundred and twenty five adult job applicants completed a computer-administered personality questionnaire (EPP) and two intelligence tests; one of crystalized (Wonderlic) and one of fluid intelligence. There were negative correlations between dissimulation...
Does Self-Serving Bias Cancel the Barnum Effect
This study examines whether individuals believe in the reality of positive personality traits more readily than negative traits, when these are falsely ascribed to them in a bogus feedback situation. Twenty-seven participants first filled out a personality...
Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Religious Maturity Scale
Leak and Fish (1999) provided initial evidence for the validity of the Religious Maturity Scale - Version 2 (RM-2). The scale was developed to assess six areas of religious maturity specified by Allport (1950). Consequently, information concerning the...
Identifying Factors Influencing Mental Health Development of College Students in China
This study investigated factors considered as having an influence on the psychological adaptation of college students. Some 1,134 students from Wu Han University, Hui Bei province, China, participated in the study with an impressive response rate of...
Metamotivational State Reversals in Competitive Sport
In a sporting context, this study examined metamotivational reversals between the telic and paratelic states and the factors affecting them. Twenty male rugby players took part. After competitive matches they completed the State of Mind Indicator For...
Moral Judgment of Preschool Kuwaiti Children
This study examined the moral judgment of 108 Kuwaiti preschool children. The children were tested on two dimensions of Piaget's moral theory, namely moral realism and justice. Four stories patterned after Piaget's work were used to assess the children's...
Self-Appraisals, Actual Appraisals and Reflected Appraisals of Preadolescent Children
The relationship between children's self-perceptions, children's perceptions of others' appraisal (i.e., reflected appraisals) and others' actual appraisals reported by mothers, fathers and teachers were examined. The Self-Description Questionnaire 1...
Self-Disclosure Patterns among Well-Acquainted Individuals: Disclosers, Confidants and Unique Relationships
Round-robin self-reports regarding self-disclosure were obtained from groups of wellacquainted individuals and examined using the Social Relations Model. Degree of self-disclosure was strongly influenced by individual differences between disclosers (actor...
The Daily Affect of Heroin Addicts in a Therapeutic Community: A Pilot Study in Hong Kong
The authors examined how heroin addicts' affect varies in relation to perceived levels of challenges and skills in daily activities. Fourteen male residents of a therapeutic community completed 21 end-of-day diaries measuring affect. Unexpectedly, addicts...
The Language Personality Theory: An Integrative Approach to Personality on the Basis of Its Language Phenomenology
The paper presents an outline of a new personality theory on the basis of its language phenomenology. The basic assumptions of the new theory are preceded by theoretical analysis of the contemporary "methodological market" of personological formulations....
The Structure of Empathy in Japanese Adolescents: Construction and Examination of an Empathy Scale
In this study, a "Revised Empathy Scale" was constructed by using an empathy scale from the previous study (Hashimoto & Shiomi, 2000). A questionnaire consisting of 30 items on empathy and the Shimoda Personality Inventory (SPI) were administered...