Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 8, 2002

A Cross-Sectional Examination of Levels of Moral Reasoning in a Sample of Kuwait University Faculty Members
This cross-cultural study was conducted to examine the moral reasoning of a sample of full time faculty members at Kuwait University. Eighty-six participants completed Rest's Defining Issues Test (DIT) which measures percentage of principled moral reasoning...
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Criteria Used to Categorize Children's Play: Preliminary Findings
Debate exists about the defining characteristics of play, yet there have been few empirical studies to assess the reliability of existing categorizations. This preliminary study aimed to identify and assess the reliability of criteria generated by participants...
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Differential Encoding of the Two Fundamental Ethical Standards
This study explored the encoding salience of the two fundamental ethical standards of extrinsic utility and intrinsic duty. The specific research question was: "To what extent are the two key notions of human good encoded in distinctive cognitive schemas?"...
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Effects of Behavior Settings, Extradyadic Behaviors, and Interloper Characteristics on Romantic Jealousy
This study assessed the effects of behavior-setting changes, partners' behavior toward an interloper, and importance of interloper characteristics for romantic jealousy. Participants were 162 individuals in dating relationships. Four jealousy dilemmas...
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Experimental Raising or Lowering of Testosterone Level Affects Mood in Normal Men and Women
In two randomized double-blind placebo-controlled experiments, 63 normal nonclinical men and women received treatments designed to raise or lower their testosterone levels. Sixteen men and 17 women applied testosterone or placebo gel to their skin for...
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How Is the Protestant Work Ethic Related to the Need for Cognition? A Factor Analytic Answer
To examine the relationship between the Protestant work ethic (PWE) and the need for cognition (NFC), 210 Americans completed the Mirels and Garrett (1971) PWE scale and the Cacioppo, Petty, and Kao (1984) NFC scale. Although there was no relationship...
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Neuroticism and "Special Treatment" in University Examinations
Two intakes of first year students (N = 54 and N = 60) were given the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (Eysenck & Eysenck, 1985) soon after arriving at university. Three years later they wrote their final examinations consisting of seven three-hour...
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Predictors of Hand-Washing Behavior
This research looks at hand-washing behavior of students at a large regional university. The authors observed how hand-washing behavior varies by race, gender, having an observer present, and time of day. Of the 184 students observed, most (103) were...
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Relative Constancy of Personality Characteristics and Efficacy of a 12-Month Training Program in Facilitating Coping Strategies
The present study reports a sublongitudinal experiment involving 15 employees (4 male and 11 female) of an insurance company all of whom underwent a 12-month program of intensive mental training and physical coaching in order to ascertain whether or...
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The Self-Reflection and Insight Scale: A New Measure of Private Self-Consciousness
Private self-consciousness and the subordinate constructs of self-reflection and insight are key factors in the self-regulatory process underpinning the creation of behavior change, both in clinical practice with clinical populations, and in performance...
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Zuckerman-Kuhlman's Personality Questionnaire in Patients with Major Depression
Keywords: 5-Factor model, major depression, Zuckerman-Kuhlman's Personality Questionnaire. Depression influences personality measures like Eysenck's Big Three, Costa and McCrae's Big Five or Cloninger's Seven Factor models, and might also affect Zuckerman-Kuhlman's...
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