Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 1, 2003

Aggression in Youth Handball: Relationships between Goal Orientations and Induced Motivational Context
This study examined the effects of the interaction between young male handball players' goal orientations (13-15 years of age) and induced motivational context (individual vs. collective performance) on observed aggression. Ten handball games, 5 under...
Behavioral Implications of Adaption-Innovation: III. Adaption-Innovation, Achievement Motivation, and Academic Performance
Adaptors prefer to solve problems by applying clearly articulated rules or procedures within familiar paradigms, whereas innovators prefer to avoid structure and think "outside the box" (Kirton, 1976). In the present study using the Kirton Adaption-Innovation...
Cross-Cultural Differences in Decision-Making Styles: A Study of College Students in Five Countries
The major goal of this study was to explore cultural differences in decision-making styles of college students from five countries: Korea, Japan, China, the United States, and Canada. On the basis of previous scholarly findings, a questionnaire was developed...
Ideal Partner Preferences among Adolescents
Most researchers interested in mate preference have focused on the desires of adult men and women. Few empirical investigations have been conducted on the preferences of adolescent boys and girls, despite the fact that this developmental period represents...
Internalization of the Thin Ideal, Weight and Body Image Concerns
Weight and shape concerns in college women are epidemic. Understanding the role of the thin ideal in the development of such concerns is critical for designing prevention programs. This study examines the association between the Sociocultural Attitudes...
Measuring the Moral Entrepreneurial Personality
The aim of this study was to describe the development of a moral entrepreneur scale. A 34 item Likert-type scale of the moral entrepreneur was constructed and shown to be free of socially desirable responses. Construct validity was evaluated by expert...
Migration, Development and Psychology: Looking for a Link
The authors explore an alternative way of analyzing the relationship between development, migration and psychology. The method is based on the first principal component of national net immigrants' data in the Human Development Index rating domain. Results...
Personality Does Not Predict Stressful Event Occurrence in Elderly Persons
This study investigates associations between personality characteristics and event occurrence in old age. The sample included 83 individuals (mean age 71.9, SD = 7.1; 55.4% females), randomly selected from the participants of a community survey among...
Profiling New Business Development: Personality Correlates of Successful Ideation and Implementation
This study considered the relationship between personality traits and success in different roles involved in New Business Development (NBD). NBD is a process in which analysts generate ideas for new products or services, evaluate their feasibility, and...
Risk Perception, Stress and Coping Strategies in Two Catastrophe Risk Situations
This study examined the influence of risk perception on stress reactions and coping strategies in 191 Mexican people who had experienced a catastrophe either natural (SR group) or industrial (IR group), and who are still exposed to the same kind of risks....
Stress and Work-Life in a University Hospital in Turkey: Evaluation of the Brief Sympton Inventory and Ways of Coping Inventory in Hospital Staff
It has long been recognized that work can influence mental well-being. Quality of medical care is dependent upon the mental well-being of health care professionals. Determination of factors in job stress is important, because it will help to prevent...