Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 2, 2004

Altered Consciousness in Flotation-Rest and Chamber-Rest: Experience of Experimental Pain and Subjective Stress
Twenty-three sportsmen were given one 45-minute exposure to flotation-REST and one exposure to chamber-REST on two occasions, incorporating random assignment to either flotation-REST followed by chamber-REST or vice versa. On each occasion, the Restricted...
Athletes' Attributions for Team Performance: A Theoretical Test across Sports and Genders
This study investigated reasons that men and women college athletes gave for their teams' performances. Different predictions drawn from ego-serving bias theory (Miller & Ross, 1975), self-esteem theory (Dittes, 1959; Jones, 1973), and cognitive...
Chemistry in the College Dating Process: Structure and Function
Males and females dating at the college level often state that there has to be chemistry between them and a dating partner. The present study was conducted to try to determine: (1) the structure of specific variables male and female daters apply to their...
Effects of Cooperative Learning on Achievement of Adult Learners in Introductory Psychology Classes
A structured eight-week cooperative learning intervention was implemented in two Year 11 Psychology classes. Each class was taught alternately under cooperative learning and traditional instruction. Three different measures of student achievement were...
Living Alone, Social Support, and Feeling Lonely among the Elderly
This study aimed to describe the characteristics of the elderly population living alone, and to examine how living alone relates to feeling lonely. Interviews were conducted with a stratified random sample of 4,859 elderly individuals living in Kaohsiung,...
Love Types and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Study
This cross-cultural research explored the relationship between Hatfield & Rapson's (1993) love types and subjective well-being. College students from an individualistic culture (USA) and a collectivist culture (Korea) completed the Passionate Love...
Perceptions of Men, Women, and Ceos: The Effects of Gender Identity
Previous studies (e.g., Heilman, Block, & Martell, 1995; Heilman, Block, Martell, & Simon, 1989; Kunkel, Dennis, & Waters, 2003; Schein, 1973, 1975; Schein & Mueller, 1992) have detected differences in how participants perceive the characteristics...
Repeated Success and Failure Influences on Self-Efficacy and Personal Goals
Research shows that challenging and specific goals in conjunction with high self-efficacy lead to higher levels of task performance. The impact of repeated success and failure on personal goals and self-efficacy was examined. Undergraduate students initially...
Risk Perceptions and Stress during the Threat of Explosion from a Railroad Accident
The derailment of a train carrying hazardous material resulted in the evacuation of an entire Midwestern community. Risk perceptions and stress were assessed in evacuees and controls (N = 90) during the acute phase of the disaster while threat of explosion...
The Credibility of Justice and Care Arguments in an Instructional Context
This study examines ratings of the credibility of a speaker and the message under two conditions. The analogue design presented either justice or care arguments that supported or opposed the reproductive rights of women. Credibility ratings included...