Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 1, 2004

Adverse Social Comparison Processes and Negative Self-Feelings: A Test of Alternative Models
Theoretically informed models are estimated that specify the direction of the relationship between social comparisons and negative self-feelings. The data are from three waves of an ongoing longitudinal study of adaptations to stress. Subjects are individuals...
Read preview Overview
Assessing the Values Structure among United Arab Emirates University Students
The purpose of this study is to clarify the values structure among United Arab Emirates University students in general and in terms of gender and citizenship. The study sample size was 242 males and 353 females. Results indicated that religious and cognitive...
Read preview Overview
Effects of Health-Based and Appearance-Based Exercise Advertising on Exercise Attitudes, Social Physique Anxiety and Self-Presentation in an Exercise Setting
The public sector uses health as the primary motivator in physical activity campaigns whereas the private sector often uses appearance as a motivator, but whether these motivators can be successful in changing physical activity behavior remains to be...
Read preview Overview
Ramadan Fasting - Effect on Healthy Muslims
The purpose of this review was to ascertain the effects on healthy Muslims of fasting during Ramadan. We found some changes such as weight loss, evidence of dehydration, increase in serum uric acid, and nonpharmacological improvement in lipid parameters....
Read preview Overview
Say Please: The Effect of the Word "Please" in Compliance-Seeking Requests
This study reports the results of an experiment examining whether presenting a request that included the word "please" would facilitate greater compliance than would a request that did not include the word please. We hypothesized that the plead request...
Read preview Overview
Social Capital and Social Exclusion: Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union in Israel
This paper examines trust and exclusion. Data were collected from 505 Israeli respondents by telephone. Whereas findings show that the influence of social and political variables on both forms of exclusion varied, that of social capital remained constant...
Read preview Overview
Societies' Different Strengths in Computer Science Education and Research
This paper investigates cultural differences in a comparison of the educational and research environments in two different countries: USA and Germany. These countries were chosen because they represent very converse approaches. A number of examples are...
Read preview Overview
The Allocation of Scarce Resources: Social Housing
Previous studies on the allocation of scarce medical resources have shown that certain patient variables (e.g. sex, age, number of dependants) significantly affect lay participants' rank ordering of them for costly treatment. This study replicates the...
Read preview Overview
The Correlation between Intimacy and Objective Similarity in Interpersonal Relationships
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between interpersonal intimacy and objective similarity of behavioral tendency. Sixty pairs were measured for the intimacy by Rubin's (1970) Love and Liking scale and objective similarity of...
Read preview Overview