Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 9, 2006

An Empirical Exploration of the Effect of Personality on General and Job-Related Mental Ill Health
In the present study it was empirically explored how work-situation dimensions, personality dimensions, and personality-by-situation interactions are related to burnout and general mental ill health. Questionnaire data from 694 subjects were analyzed...
Antigay Prejudice among Heterosexual Males: Right-Wing Authoritarianism as a Stronger Predictor Than Social-Dominance Orientation and Heterosexual Identity
In recent years there has been much contested debate around the psychology of prejudice and the extent to which it is essentially an outcome of a variety of personality-related variables or whether the social context with which one identifies plays an...
Assessing the Cuteness of Children: Significant Factors and Gender Differences
A newly developed questionnaire revealed that there are four factors in adults' perception of children's cuteness: childlike behavior, children's imitation of adults, adults' protective feeling toward children, and children's physical attributes. Eighty-four...
Cross-Cultural Validation of Measures of Traumatic Symptoms in Groups of Asylum Seekers from Chechnya, Afghanistan, and West Africa
Internal consistencies and convergent validities of (a) the Hopkins Symptom Checklist25 (HSCL-25; Mollica, Wyshak, deMameffe, Khuon, & Lavelle, 1987), (b) the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ; Mollica et al., 1992), (c) the Impact of Event Scale...
Developing a Teacher Trainees' Democratic Values Scale: Validity and Reliability Analyses
The purpose of this study was to develop a Teacher Trainees' Democratic Values Scale (TTDVS) related to educational life. The TTDVS was determined by using factor analysis, which was conducted with 979 participants. The scale is composed of 24 items...
Examining the Burnout of Academics in Relation to Job Satisfaction and Other Factors
This study examined the relationships between burnout and job satisfaction of academics along with other related factors. The study group comprised 194 academics. The results demonstrated that the most important variable that predicts emotional exhaustion,...
Perceptions of College Women with Disordered Eating and Exercise Patterns
This study examined college students' perceptions of women struggling with various eatingand exercise-related disorders. The 220 participants read a vignette describing either an anorexic female, a bulimic female, a female who engages in excessive exercise,...
Play and Health among a Group of Adult Business Executives
This study focuses on the self-representations or cognitive self-schemas that individuals construct as a function of their play experiences. Participants (N = 101) completed the Lifestyle Assessment Questionnaire (Elsenrath, Hettler, & Leafgren,...
Temporal Stability of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity among 9- to 11-Year-Old English Children: Test-Retest Data over Six Weeks
Recently two studies have reported on the test-retest reliability of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity; however, these studies were limited to samples of university students. This study examined the temporal stability of both the 24-...
The Effect of Problem-Based Learning on the Critical Thinking of Students in the Intellectual and Ethical Development Unit
The aim in this study was to determine the effect of problem-based learning (PBL) on the critical thinking of students in the Development and Learning course in the Intellectual and Ethical Development Unit. The experimental model with a pretest-posttest...
The Effect of the Interactive Small Group Study Method on Democratic Attitudes and Self-Expression Ability
This study compared the Interactive Small Group Study Method (ISGS) with the Traditional Small Group Study Method (TSGS) from the viewpoint of the student's democratic attitude in the classroom and self-expression ability. Students at Firat University,...
The Relationships among Coping with Stress, Life Satisfaction, Decision-Making Styles and Decision Self-Esteem: An Investigation with Turkish University Students
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among styles of coping with stress, decision self-esteem, decision-making styles and life satisfaction. The sample consisted of 492 university students. Life satisfaction was found to be positively...