Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 4, 2007

A Comparative Study of Two Standard-Setting Techniques
This study compares the Angoff method (1971) for setting standards with the Ebel method (1972), using a test in introductory psychology. Although results showed a significant difference in the minimum passing score obtained through these methods, results...
Aggression among Korean Adolescents: A Comparison between Delinquents and Nondelinquents
In this study family dynamics, personality, alcohol and drug abuse, coping strategies and sexual abuse in nondelinquent and delinquent adolescents were compared and a path model of aggression among Korean adolescents was constructed. Using a proportional...
Facing Fear: Expression of Fear Facilitates Processing of Emotional Information
Evidence shows that manipulating the expressive component of fear can influence the processing of emotional information. Participants unobtrusively produced the expressive behaviors typical of fear, anger or happiness. Participants producing the expression...
Family Function Levels of Turkish Fathers with Children Aged between 0 - 6
Family function levels of fathers with children aged 0-6 in Samsun, Turkey were compared on the basis of length of marriage, level of education, family structure, and type of marriage. The sample consisted of 171 fathers aged between 24-36 (average age...
How Multiple Reference Points Influence Managers' Post-Decisional Regret
Although regret is the most relevant emotion in the domain of decision making, research addressing the regrets of managers and how these are influenced by multiple reference points is lacking. In the context of a choice set with more than 2 alternatives,...
Name Letter Matching and Implicit Egotism: Friends as Self-Extensions
Favorable evaluations of letters appearing in peoples' names were examined and found to vary according to a focus on the self versus others. Students described their personal preferences after thinking about either positive or negative qualities of themselves...
Re-Examination of the Psychometric Characteristics of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support among Turkish University Students
The effectiveness of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS; Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet, & Farley, 1988) was investigated with a sample of 340 Turkish university students. Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed...
Self-Awareness and Cognitive Style: Relationships among Adaption-Innovation, Self-Monitoring, and Self-Consciousness
Adaption-innovation is a construct of preferred problem-solving style; adaptors work best within clear guidelines and prefer to "do things better", whereas innovators bridle at structure and prefer to "do things differently". Adaption-innovation bears...
Self-Concept and Masculinity/femininity among Normal Male Individuals and Males with Gender Identity Disorder
This study aimed at identifying self-concept and masculinity/femininity in 102 normal males and a similar number of individuals with Gender Identity Disorder using the Tennessee Self-Concept scale (Farag & Al-Qurashi, 1999) and the MMPI subscale...
Social Identity Theory and the Reduction of Inequality: Can Cross-Cutting Categorization Reduce Inequality in Mixed-Race Groups?
A strategy to modify racial inequality in task groups was tested. Based on social identity literature: If members of a group are encouraged to think of other group members as individuals instead of representatives of a larger group, cross-cutting categorization...
The Role of Personalities in the Marital Adjustment of Japanese Couples
The link between marital adjustment and personality was investigated in 66 Japanese married couples using Locke and Wallace's Short Marital Adjustment Test (SMAT; Locke & Wallace, 1959) and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ; Eysenck &...
The Role of Risk Attitude on Online Shopping: Experience, Customer Satisfaction, and Repurchase Intention
Risk attitude is a stable personality characteristic that is inherent in an individual, and may be the cause of differences in decisions to shop online. This article records an attempt to explore the direct and moderate effects of risk attitude on consumer...