Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 4, 1998

An Encyclopedia to Achieve an Holistic Approach
Psychology and Sociology both deal with a huge range of concepts and methodologies. Information from other disciplines is integrated into Psychology and Sociology, and vice versa. This reciprocal intellectual relationship must be enhanced so that the...
Applying the Theory of Reasoned Action to Condom Use among Sex Workers
Behavioral intervention and education have been widely acknowledged as holding the greatest promise for slowing the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study assessed the relationship between constructs from the Theory of Reasoned...
Attitudes toward the Hypomanic Personality and Others
To evaluate specific community attitudes toward psychiatric conditions and the ability to identify particular psychiatric syndromes, selected respondents associated and/or involved with Wingrove Cottage Community Clinic (N = 49) were asked to complete...
Delinquents' and Non-Delinquents' Perception of Family Functioning in the United Arab Emirates
The purpose of the study was to investigate the dynamics of family functioning between delinquent and non-delinquent subjects. 181 subjects (77 delinquents; 104 non-delinquents) answered the Family Functioning Questionnaire (FFQ). Results of the study...
Exploring a Tripartite Relationship between Rebelliousness, Openness to Experience and Creativity
Sixty-seven undergraduates completed the NEO-Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1985), the Rebelliousness Questionnaire (McDermott, 1987) and an author-devised creativity checklist. Reactive rebelliousness correlated positively with NEO-neurotic...
Leadership Style and Personality of Mock Jurors and the Effect on Sentencing Decisions
Attitudes toward sentencing decisions were examined in 135 University students. Subjects were administered the Leadership Ability Evaluation (LAE) and the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). They were asked to make sentencing decisions regarding...
Mass Media Preferences in Disaster: A Study of Hurricane Danny
Community residents (N=325) completed a survey which assessed their reliance on various media modalities (Tv, Cable networks, Radio, Newspaper) in obtaining information/news during Hurricane Danny in July 1997. This unique major storm, which struck the...
Metaphors and Organizational Conflict
Many people hold a metaphor that accurately describes their perception of the organization in which they work. The metaphor also determines the way people perceive, remember, and analyze information they receive. However, any single metaphor limits people's...
PMS in the Workplace: Myth or Method?
Hardie ( 1997) purportedly examined the effects of menstrual cycle status and perceived (i.e., selfdiagnosed) premenstrual syndrome on work performance. Although research to fill the numerous gaps in our understanding of PMS is encouraged, methodologic...
Relationship among Role Conflicts, Role Satisfactions and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Hong Kong
This study investigated the direct effects among work/family conflicts, job, marital and life satisfactions reported by a Hong Kong sample. Seventeen hundred questionnaires were sent to three different professions in Hong Kong and 497 successful responses...
Social Loafing and Self-Beliefs: People's Collective Effort Depends on the Extent to Which They Distinguish Themselves as Better Than Others
An experiment tested whether the belief that one is better than others on performance aspects of the self moderates social loafing, the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually. French students...
The Hess Pupil Dilation Findings: Sex or Novelty?
Pupil dilation research initially focused upon emotional reactions and then shifted almost entirely to information processing. The present study returns to the initial research and addresses the question of whether pupil dilation in response to nudity...
The Validation of the Orpheus Minor Scales in a Working Population
Orpheus is a broad spectrum 190 item work-based combined personality and integrity questionnaire that generates scores on sixteen scales - seven minor scales, five major scales, and four audit scales. The minor scales of Orpheus are Proficiency, Work-orientation,...