Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 1, 2001

Actors and Observers: Divergent Attributions of Constrained Unfriendly Behavior
In light of previous attribution research, the authors investigated whether individuals make different causal inferences about their own, as opposed to other people's, constrained interpersonal behavior. Fifty-seven male and 59 female introductory psychology...
Associations between Self-Presentation and Competitive A-Trait: A Preliminary Investigation
Leary (1992) suggests that sports anxiety stems from the Self-Presentation (SP) implications of competition. Some research supports this (e.g., Wilson & Eklund, 1998) and the aim of this study was to expand this research base. Fifty-nine competitive...
Children's Perceptions of Aggressive and Gender-Specific Content in Toy Commercials
While extensive research has been conducted to determine what relationships exist between media violence and aggressive behavior in students, little research exists on the impact of toy commercials. In this study, 103 elementary school children rated...
Culture Moderates the Self-Serving Bias: Etic and Emic Features of Causal Attributions in India and in Canada
This study tested the hypothesis that individuals from a collectivist culture explain life events using more contextual causes than do those from an individualistic culture. Undergraduates' causal attributions about positive and negative life events...
Effects of Assertive Communication between Doctors and Patients in Public Health Outpatient Surgeries in the City of Seville (Spain)
This research investigated the quality of communication between doctors and patients of the Public Health Services in the city of Seville, Spain. Two hundred and twenty-eight doctors were selected at random from all of the clinics in the city for interviews....
Gender, Gender Roles and Attitudes towards Violence: Are Viewpoints Changing?
Androgyny is a gender role that has several positive characteristics such as adaptive coping strategies and less violent viewpoints. To examine the relationship between gender, gender roles, and attitudes towards violence, 161 individuals were administered...
Missing Values in Peer Assessment of Social Behavior Using the RCP
This article deals with probable causes for missing values when using the Revised Class Play instrument for peer assessment of social behavior. The study was conducted with 10 - 13 year old primary school children in Sweden. The findings reveal that...
Testing the Groupthink Model: Effects of Promotional Leadership and Conformity Predisposition
Two hypotheses derived from groupthink theory were tested in a laboratory study which included measures of the full range of symptoms of groupthink, symptoms of a poor decision process, and decision quality. The hypothesis that groups whose leaders promoted...
The Self-Protective Properties of Ingroup Comparisons for Low Socioeconomic Status Students: A Pilot Study
A pilot study, the first step for work to be completed later, explored whether low socioeconomic status (SES) students restrict social comparison to their ingroup (the other low SES students) to self-protect. After receiving false performance feedback...
The Susceptibility of Three Attachment Style Measures to Socially Desirable Responding
This study investigated the susceptibility of three popular measures of attachment styles to impression management (other-deception) and unconscious defensiveness (self-deception). Specifically, responses to the Attachment Style Questionnaire, Adult...