Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 3, 2001

Childless by Choice? Attributions and Attitudes concerning Family Size
This study investigated the attributions of naive perceivers regarding the voluntary or involuntary nature of a target couple's family size, and examined the personality characteristics ascribed to persons with families of varying sizes. Undergraduate...
Developing a Shyness Scale for Japanese Junoir High School Students
This study developed a Shyness scale for Japanese junior high school students and examined the reliability and the validity of this scale. In this study, 90 "Shyness" items and items assessing tendencies theoretically linked to shyness (for example,...
Do High-Status Groups Discriminate More? Differentiating between Social Identity and Equity Concerns
A number of studies have found that high status groups tend to discriminate more than low status groups. This tendency can be interpreted as reflecting either a desire to maintain a positive social identity or an application of equity. An experiment...
Personality and Academic Productivity in the University Students
This study describes the personality characteristics of the failing university student at the University of Seville. One hundred and three students with a mean age of 21 years were evaluated using the 16 PF questionnaire. The personality profile was...
Psychosocial Correlates of Healthy Lifestyles in Black and White South Africans
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and psychosocial correlates of healthy practices among 250 Black and 250 White South Africans chosen by systematic random sampling. Results indicated that Blacks practiced on average above 7 and...
Teachers' Judgments of Pupils: Agreement and Accuracy
This article examines the agreement and accuracy of teachers' judgments of their pupils. The data were collected in a primary school in the Netherlands where four teachers and 87 pupils, ranging from grade 2 to 5 (aged 7 to 10 years), participated in...
The Effects of Male Age and Physical Appearance on Evaluations of Attractiveness, Social Desirability and Resourcefulness
Younger women are perceived as possessing a host of socially desirable attributes, some of which are the same traits attributed to attractive women (Perlini, Bertolissi, & Lind, 1999). Evolutionary hypotheses would not predict similar patterns of...
The Incidence and Belief Structures Associated with Breast Self-Examination
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of breast self-examination (BSE) and components underlying compliance or non-compliance using the Health Belief Model (HBM) adapted by Champion (1993). Purposive sampling was used to obtain participants...
Theoretical Orientations of Organizational Development Practitioners
The aim of this study was to systematically survey the use of various theoretical approaches by OD practitioners. To this end, members of the International Registry of Organization Development Professionals were surveyed. The results were based on questionnaire...
The Positive Correlation between Personal Need for Structure and the Mere Exposure Effect
It was predicted that the amount a person is affected by mere exposure would be positively correlated with their Personal Need for Structure (PNS). Forty participants rated unfamiliar Turkish words for pleasantness. As predicted by the mere exposure...
The Reproductive Priming Effect
In a questionnaire administered to 314 undergraduate college students, most respondents reported an increase in dating opportunities during the beginning of a new dating relationship, and the frequency of this effect was correlated with heterosexual...