Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 3, 2007

A Study of the Self-Concepts of 9-14 Year-Old Children with Acute and Chronic Diseases
This study identified the level of self-concept in children with acute and chronic illnesses and determined the factors that may influence their self-concepts. The study sample includes 154 children (77 children with chronic illness, 77 children with...
Depression, Submissive Behaviors and Negative Automatic Thoughts in Obese Turkish Adolescents
In this study, depression, submissive social behaviors, and frequency of automatic negative thoughts in obese and normal weight Turkish adolescents were investigated. Their depression levels, submissive social behaviors, and negative automatic thoughts...
Dimensions of Brand Personality Attributions: A Person-Centric Approach in the German Cultural Context
Research on the symbolic use of commercial brands has shown that individuals prefer those brands matching their own personality. While the Big Five model of human personality is universal, brand personality attributions are partly culture-specific. Furthermore,...
Dissociation between Implicit and Explicit Attitudes towards the Rich in a Developing Country: The Case of China
In developing countries in which the gap between the rich and the poor is wide, we hypothesized a dissociation between people's implicit and explicit attitudes towards the rich. We tested this hypothesis in China, the world's largest emerging economy....
Gender Differences in Predicting Delinquent Behavior: Do Individual Differences Matter?
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of individual differences (i.e., belief in a just world and authoritarianism), and attitude (i.e., attitudes toward the criminal legal system), in predicting delinquent behavior. High school students...
Health-Related Lifestyle and Patterns of Behavior Related to Health Effects of Leisure Travel
Whether or not leisure travel might have positive effects on personal health was investigated. During a short leisure trip, saliva samples were collected from 40 females. Levels of salivary cortisol and chromogranin A (CgA) were evaluated by enzyme-linked...
L'échelle De Solitude Sociale et ÉMotionnelle (ÉSsé): A French-Canadian Adaptation of the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale for Adults
Although there exist many psychological measures in the English language, few of these clinical and research instruments have been translated into French and subsequently validated. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate L'Échelle de Solitude...
Personality Characteristics of Martial Artists
This study used the MMPI-2 to explore the personalities of yellow-belt and black-belt martial artists. A total of 40 participants completed the MMPI-2 and a demographic questionnaire. Black-belt females tended to be less defensive than were other martial...
The Effects of Mood and Openness-to-Feeling Trait on Choice
How do mood states influence risk-taking and choice? This study was conducted to demonstrate and explain the relationship of mood, risk-taking, and choice. The results showed that participants were more likely to systematically display risk-taking behavior...
The Effects of Religious Involvement on Short-Term Psychological Reactions to the Death of Pope John Paul Ii: A Study on an Italian Sample
The short-term psychological reactions to the death of Pope John Paul Ð were investigated. Between 1 to 6 days after this event, 526 Catholic and atheist Italian adults took part in a questionnaire study. Participants were asked to report the personal...
The News about Child Sexual Abuse: A Systematic Analysis of Reports in the South African English-Language Press
The extent and representativeness of child sexual abuse reporting in the South African English-language press were examined. Baseline data for the study comprised a complete record of all cases of child sexual abuse reported to the police in the North...
The Social Validation of Pharmacological Approaches to the Management of Dental Anxiety in Adults: Impact of Treatment Urgency, Method of Intervention and Treatment Outcome
One hundred and twenty-eight adult patients attending a clinic at a United Kingdom dental hospital rated vignettes describing the management of an adult who was severely dentally anxious. There were 8 vignettes, which varied systematically along three...
Work-Related Stress, Burnout and Job Satisfaction in Turkish Midwives
This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the levels of workrelated stress, burnout and job satisfaction in midwives. It was conducted between March 1 and April 30, 2005, in 35 public health clinics which provide primary health...