Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 3, 2012

A Causal Model of Hopelessness Depression in Chinese Undergraduate Students
The diathesis-stress component hypothesis and the mediational role of hopelessness proposed by the hopelessness theory of depression were tested using data from a 16-week longitudinal study of Chinese university undergraduates. Participants (N = 240)...
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Achievement Goals and Physical Self-Perceptions of Adolescent Athletes
The relationship between achievement goals and physical self-perceptions of adolescent athletes was examined in this study. Participants were 208 adolescent athletes with a mean age of 16.35 ± 0.48 years. Independent samples t tests, Pearson correlations,...
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Adolescents' Impulse Buying: Susceptibility to Interpersonal Influence and Fear of Negative Evaluation
We examined the effects of susceptibility to interpersonal influence and fear of negative evaluation on adolescents' impulse buying tendency. A survey of 453 adolescents was carried out and we found the greater the susceptibility to interpersonal influence,...
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Application of the Chinese Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist to Adolescent Earthquake Survivors in China
We investigated the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder among 2,448 middle-school students in Sichuan Province, China, soon after the Wenchuan earthquake occurred on May 12, 2008. We also tested the reliability and validity of a Chinese version...
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Causal Attributions of Workplace Gender Equality, Just World Belief, and the Self/other Distinction
We conducted 2 surveys in Istanbul, Turkey, to investigate the moderating effects of belief in a just world (BJW) on the links between perceived gender equality and causal attributions in the workplace with 2 samples of bank employees from varying hierarchical...
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Do Korean Young Children's Daily Routines and Their Mothers' Parenting Stress Differ According to Socioeconomic Status?
We examined the differences in Korean children's daily routines and their mothers' perceived level of parenting stress according to socioeconomic status (SES). Mothers from low-income (239) and high-income (338) families with young children completed...
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Evaluating the Chinese Soldier Personality Questionnaire in Terms of Assessing Schizotypal Personality Proneness
The Chinese Soldier Personality Questionnaire (CSPQ; Xiao, Miao, Xiao, Wu, & Li, 2007) was evaluated to assess its effectiveness in identifying schizotypal-personality-prone individuals. CSPQ scores of 1,153 schizotypal-personality-prone individuals...
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Hopelessness Levels of Children Living with Their Parents or in an Orphanage
Turkish children in the second grade at primary school who were either living with parents or living in an orphanage were surveyed using the Hopelessness Scale for Children (Beck, 1974) to assess their feelings of hopelessness. Participants were 130...
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How Confidence and Uncertainty Affect Consumers' Enjoyment of Gambling
In this research we explored the moderators that affect enjoyment when consumers gamble on predictions. We provide evidence that consumers who make predictions with great confidence will have more enjoyment and will increase the amount of their bet in...
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Individual Differences in Adult Crying: The Role of Attachment Styles
We carried out 2 studies to evaluate the relationship between attachment style and crying in adults. Data were collected from 2 independent large samples, measuring as 2 different operationalizations crying in general and in response to music. The results...
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Locus of Control in Nursing Students on a Problem-Based Learning Program: A Longitudinal Examination
In this survey carried out over a 4-year period we explored the changes perceived in the locus of control (LOC) of 58 nursing students enrolled in a baccalaureate nursing education program with an integrated problem-based learning curriculum. The results...
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Segmentation of Users of Social Networking Websites
The typology of networked consumers in The Netherlands presented in this study, was based on an online survey and obtained using latent segmentation analysis. This approach is based on the frequency with which users perform different activities, their...
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Should Women Return Home? the Interactive Effects of Sexism and Economic Confidence
Keywords: benevolent sexism, hostile sexism, gender differentiation, economic confidence.A proposal for women to return to their traditional role of staying at home has often been offered in serious economic situations (Han & Yuan, 2008). This may...
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Team Cognition, Collective Efficacy, and Performance in Strategic Decision-Making Teams
With the growing use of teamwork for strategic decision making in organizations, an understanding of the teamwork dynamics in the strategic decision-making process is critical for both researchers and practitioners. By conceptualizing team cognition...
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The Empathy-Altruism Association and Its Relevance to Health Care Professions
It is posited in the empathy-altruism hypothesis that altruistic motivation evoked by empathy is directed toward the ultimate goal of improving another person's welfare. In this study the empathy-altruism hypothesis was examined. Measures of altruism,...
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The Mental Health Status of Chinese Medical Peacekeepers in Lebanon
We investigated the mental health status of Chinese medical peacekeepers in Lebanon. In total, 59 peacekeepers completed the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS; Zung, 1965), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS; Zung, 1971), and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90;...
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The Sweet Smell of the Requester: Vanilla, Camphor, and Foot-in-the-Door
Several researchers have shown that odors affect human behavior. However, odors have not been studied in the context of specific compliance without pressure. Specifically, the impact of the odor worn by a requester during the foot-in-the-door procedure...
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