Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 27, No. 4, 1999

A Longitudinal Study of Academic and Social Predictors of College Attrition
Examined differences between eventual graduates and eventual dropouts in a longitudinal study of college men. Predictor variables were obtained early in the first year of college and attrition status was assessed after four years. A linear combination...
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Attribution of Social Dominance and Maleness to Schematic Faces
We report findings which suggest perception of `higher order' attributes such as gender and social dominance are perceived from a schematic face. To investigate a large population, the first two experiments were carried out in both the traditional manner...
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Cross-Cultural Comparison of Responses to the Monty Hall Dilemma
Students in Brazil, China, Sweden, and the United States were compared as to how they responded to a two-stage conditional probability problem. In each culture, there was not only a significant tendency to stick with an itial decision when they should...
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Cross-Cultural Response Styles on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory
The Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) has been a widely-used measure including use in cross-cultural and cross-national studies over the past 20 years. However, researchers have generally neglected the issue of cross-cultural response styles...
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Expectations of Romantic Relationships: A Comparison between Homosexual and Heterosexual Men with Regard to Baxter's Criteria
According to Baxter (1986) every relationship has rules which must be followed. If at least one of these rules is broken, it gives the individual the right to breakup the relationship. Baxter identified eight such rules or criteria. The aim of the present...
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Gender Bias in the Interpretation of Ambiguous Provocation Situations
Children were read five stories in which a same-sex peer caused an act of instrumental aggression, but the harmdoer's intent was unclear. Responses to follow-up questions were coded in terms of whether male or female pronouns were used to describe the...
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Managerial Risk-Taking: An Empirical Study
It is generally believed that managers are more risk-taking than others. However research has shown managers to be both risk-averse and risk-seeking, depending on the target performance or reference points. The present study is an attempt to see if managers...
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Perceptual and Behavioral Correlates of Voluntary Simplicity Lifestyles
A study was conducted to investigate correlations between voluntary simplicity lifestyles (VSLs.) and perceptual or behavioral characteristics regarding VSLs.. Questionnaires each of which contained a 20-item 5-point scale of VSLs., a 13-item 4-point...
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Problem Students: A Contextual Phenomenon?
The number of referrals to different types of special education has been increasing for years in the Netherlands. In particular the number of children with Learning and/or Behavioral Difficulties (LBD) has increased sharply. The teacher usually describes...
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The Internal Structure of a Derived, Revised, and Amended Measure of the Religious Orientation Scale: The 'Age-Universal' I-E Scale - 12
The accurate measurement of an intrinsic and extrinsic orientation toward religiosity has been an on-going rigorous psychometric investigation within the psychology of religion for over 30 years. With this debate, a number of suggestions have been made...
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Validation of the Harter Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance with Lebanese Children
This study aimed at validating the use of the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance (PSPCSA) with Lebanese kindergarten children. The scale was administered to 152 children, their responses were analyzed, sex differences were...
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