Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 4, 2001

A Psychosocial Portrait of Defensive Responders in the Quebec Longitudinal Study on Aging
The objective of this study was to identify the psychosocial characteristics of participants who obtained a high social desirability score on the measures in the Quebec Longitudinal Study on Aging (QUELSA). Two groups were drawn from the 1997 QUELSA...
Are Economists Rational, or Just Different?
There is evidence that American economics undergraduates are more likely than others to act self-interestedly and less likely to behave cooperatively. In two experiments, differences between Americans and Canadians and between economics students and...
Development of the Student Personal Responsibility Scale-10
The l0-item Student Personal Responsibility Scale (SPRS-10) was developed to assess students' acceptance of personal responsibility in their day-to-day living. The scale showed an acceptable level of internal consistency and positive correlations to...
Effect of Gender-Types on Interpersonal Stress Measured by Blink Rate and Questionnaires: Focusing on Stereotypically Sex-Typed and Androgynous Types
Keywords: Interpersonal stress, Androgynous type, Stereotypically sex-typed type, Blink rate, Mixed-- sex pairs This study was conducted to determine how differences of self gender-type and partner's gender-- type in Japan had an effect on interpersonal...
Lay and Professionjal Perspectives of the Causes of Health: A Comparative Network Approach
Lay and professional interpretations of the structure of causal factors previously demonstrated to be influencing health were examined through network analysis. Fifty-three first level registered nurses and sixty-three social science students were asked...
Moderating Effects of Need for Cognition on Attractiveness Stereotyping
The present study investigated the moderating role of need for cognition (NFC), the tendency to engage in, and enjoy, effortful cognitive activity, on the attractiveness bias. Based on previous research suggesting that people low in NFC are more strongly...
Non-Rationality in Belief Sets: Implications for the Theory of Rational Expectations
Although much research supports the proposition contained within the theory of expectations that a causal relationship exists between beliefs and attitudes, little isknownabout the extent to which logical consistency exists among beliefs about objects...
Psychological Aspects of Adaptations for Kin Directed Altruistic Helping Behaviors
This questionnaire study sheds light on the psychological component of kin selecting tendencies predicted by Hamilton's (1964b) inclusive fitness theory of discriminatory altruistic behavior based on genetic similarity. Participants rated donations of...
Relationship between Family Religiosity and Drug Use Behavior among Youth
This study evaluated the relationship between several dimensions of parental and family religiosity with adolescent drug use behavior. Analysis was based on self-reported responses to a questionnaire administered to 1,036 undergraduate college students...
Social Support, Loneliness and Friendship Preference among British Asian and Non-Asian Adolescents
This paper aims to investigate the support-seeking behavior of adolescents (14 and 15 years) of South Asian and other backgrounds, the association between friendship choice and perceived feelings of loneliness, and the complex inter-relationship between...
The Relationship between Boredom Proneness and Solitary Sexual Behaviors in Adults
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between boredom proneness and some solitary sexual activities among adults such as masturbating and viewing pornographic films. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that sexual unsatisfaction...
Understanding Differences in Web Usage: The Role of Need for Cognition and the Five Factor Model of Personality
Using the Five-factor model of personality and Need for Cognition, the authors investigated the relationship between personality and Web usage. Of the five factors, Openness to Experience and Neuroticism showed the greatest association to Web usage....