Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 3, 2008

A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale
A sample of 2,754 male and female undergraduate students from 9 different Arab countries responded to the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale (KUAS: Abdel-Khalek, 2000). This study extends the exploratory factor analyses performed in previous studies, using...
Alexithymia among Students and Professionals in Function of Disciplines
This study was aimed at investigating if students and professionals in helping relationships were less alexithymic than those in nonhelping relationships and if professionals were less alexithymic than students. The study was also aimed at examining...
An Evaluation of Explanation Effects on Consumer Perceptions
Previous studies in organization theory have shown that advance notice for an event, such as job termination, is key in determining reactions to the event. Based on ANOVA, the authors demonstrate the positive effects for stores of providing advance explanations...
Associations of Organizational Justice and Ingratiation with Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Beneficiary Perspective
In this study we investigated whether the two motivational forces - social exchange and impression management - behind Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) proposed by Bolino (1999) would be associated differently with an individual's OCB toward...
Determinants of Self-Handicapping Strategies in Sport and Their Effects on Athletic Performance
The purpose of this study was to examine self-efficacy and self-esteem as predictors of claimed and behavioral self-handicapping, and to compare the relationship between behavioral and claimed self-handicaps and athletic performance. A total of 31 basketball...
Emotional Intelligence and Self-Efficacy in a Sample of Italian High School Teachers
The aim in this study was to further analyze the construct of emotional intelligence and its relation to occupational self-efficacy in a sample of Italian teachers. The Italian version of the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Short (Bar-On, 2002)...
Exploring Differences in Leadership Styles: A Study of Manager Tasks, Follower Characteristics, and Task Environments in Korean Human Service Organizations
This study was designed to analyze the leadership style of managers in Korean Public Human Service Organizations (PHSOs) in terms of the leadership continuum developed by Tannenbaum and Schmidt (1973). Its purposes were to explore whether or not there...
Exploring the Relevance of Gender and Age Differences in the Assessment of Social Fears in Adolescence
Although social phobia is one of the most common mental disorders in adolescents, information on the need for normative data is missing. For this reason, this cross-sectional study was aimed at determining if there is a need to have normative data according...
Factors Affecting Personnel Performance in Retail Marketing: An Application of Structural Equation Modeling
Using the available literature a model of personnel factors affecting the performance of a retail marketing chain was developed. This was tested by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The data were collected by means of a questionnaire completed...
Gender Effects on Spectators' Attitudes toward Wnba Basketball
The primary objective for this research was to apply the concepts of multifactorial gender identity theory and test the effects of gender on spectators' attitudes towards women's professional basketball. The sample consisted of 466 women and 107 men....
Psychological Problems among Aid Workers Operating in Darfur
Aid workers operating in war zones are susceptible to mental health problems that could develop into stress and acute traumatic stress. This study examined the relationships between burnout, job satisfaction (compassion satisfaction), secondary traumatic...
Quality of Life in Turkish University Students and Its Relationship to Levels of State-Trait Anxiety
The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of life (QOL) of students and to determine the relationship between state-trait anxiety levels and QOL. This research was done with ½ sampling method of 276 students at Erciyes University. The data...
The Effects of Emotions on Variety-Seeking Behavior
A study with 124 subjects demonstrated that people are likely to include more variety in their consumption decisions when they are induced to a negative emotion than when they are induced to a positive emotion. This phenomenon is explained by emotion-maintenance...
The Individual- and Social-Oriented Chinese Bicultural Self: A Subcultural Analysis Contrasting Mainland Chinese and Taiwanese
The previously proposed and tested bicultural self theory (Lu, 2007a; Lu & Yang, 2006) was further extended to mainland Chinese in the People's Republic of China, and potential subcultural differences across the Chinese strait were explored. Results...