Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 7, 2004

Belief in Paranormal Determinism as a Source of Prejudice toward Disadvantaged Groups: "The Dark Side of Stars"
In previous research and theory dealing with prejudice, the role of belief in a paranormal determinism of human personality and behavior has been relatively overlooked. Two studies (N = 371) tested the impact of belief in astrology on prejudice toward...
Can Somatic Symptoms Predict Depression?
In this study Kuwaiti undergraduate students (N = 215) completed the 60 individual items of the Somatic Symptoms Inventory (Abdel-Khalek, 2003) and 3 scales of depression - the Symptom Checklist-90, Depression Subscale (SCL-90; D: Derogatis, 1994) the...
Describing the Neoclassical Psyche Embedded in Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love
Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love was examined to identify the structure of the psyche implied in that theory. Sternberg's theory posits three components of human functioning to explain the phenomenon of love in close relationships: intimacy, passion,...
Gender Differences in Anxiety among Undergraduates from Ten Arab Countries
This study investigated gender differences in anxiety among volunteer undergraduates recruited from 10 Arab countries; Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Emirates, Oman, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine (Nablus and Gaza), Jordan and Iraq (N = 3,064). The Kuwait University...
Gender, Ethnicity, and the Developmental Timing of First Sexual and Romantic Experiences
One of the most important tasks faced by adolescents and young adults is the formation of romantic relationships. Little is known, however, about the developmental timing of early relational experiences. This study investigated the age at which an ethnically...
Giving Life: Loneliness, Pregnancy and Motherhood
This study examined the qualitative aspects of loneliness that pregnant women and mothers during the first year after childbirth experience. These were compared to the loneliness of women in the general population. Ninety-one pregnant women, 97 women...
Racism on a South African Campus: A Survey of Students' Experiences and Attitudes
Racial experiences and attitudes were examined in a sample of 433 South African university students. Two hundred and forty-two respondents (55.9%) reported that they had experienced a total of 926 racial incidents on campus in the 12-month period reviewed....
Relationship between Empathy and the Big Five Personality Traits in a Sample of Spanish Adolescents
Empathy has been considered a central feature of our temperamental dispositions in childhood and adolescence. It plays a central role in the development of prosocial behavior and moral reasoning. However, the links between empathy and the major factors...
Relationships between Big Five Personality Factors and Values
An analysis of principal components showed a robust structure of three factors formed by 25 of the 30 values studied. These factors were called Social Power, Order and Benevolence values. Those factors match with some of Schwartz's (1992) types of values....
The Role of School Administrators in Promoting Student Thinking in Kuwait
This study explored how school administrators in Kuwait conceive students' thinking skills and their perceived role in promoting such skills. A random sample of school principals and head teachers was interviewed. A major finding of this study was that...