Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 1, 2002

Attributions of Responsibility for Poverty among Lebanese and Portuguese University Students: A Cross-Cultural Comparsion
This study examines poverty attitudes among Portuguese and Lebanese students (n=372) along Feagin's fatalistic, individualistic, and structuralistic dimensions. Results show that class and nationality are important variables for predicting the causes...
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Causal Attributions regarding Conflicts between Friends in Middle Childhood
With a focus on conflict as an interpersonal event rather than a social outcome, the present study investigated children's causal attributions regarding conflicts with friends during middle childhood. Thirty-nine girls and 34 boys responded to an open-ended...
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Effects of Gender and Education on the Moral Reasoning of Kuwait University Students
The moral reasoning of 189 undergraduate students from the College of Education, Kuwait University was studied, using the Defining Issues Test (DIT) by Rest (1990). The subjects ranged in age from 18 to 26 years (mean age =20.83). The results revealed...
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Incomplete Knowledge and Attitude-Behavior Inconsistency
Much previous research has shown the health belief model to be effective in explaining social-cognitive processes that lead to attitude-behavior consistency across a wide variety of health-related behaviors. The health belief model, like other social-cognitive...
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Influences of Positive and Negative Affect on Decisions Involving Judgmental Biases
This study examines the influences of positive and negative affect on decisions involving seven judgmental biases. For nonpersonally relevant biases, it was hypothesized that negative affect would lead to more in-depth thinking and less biased decisions...
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Investigating the Roles of Gambling Interest and Impulsive Sensation Seeking on Consumer Enjoyment of Promotional Games
Promotional games are an increasingly utilized form of sales promotion; yet, few studies exist in this area. Some research suggests that promotional game participants may be similar to gamblers in terms of lifestyles and personality traits, such as sensation...
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Parenting Practices, Social Skills and Peer Relationships in Adolescence
The influence of parents on their offsprings' peer relations is not limited to childhood but continues throughout the adolescent years. Little is, however, known about which mechanisms link adolescent functioning in family and peer systems. This study...
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Personality and Person Perception in Africa
The paper reviews personality and social behavior in Africa. Three distinctive components of the people inhabiting present-day sub-Saharan Africa are identified: (1) traditional persons who are yet little affected by modernization, (2) transitional persons,...
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Received Parental Child Reading and Suicidal Ideation in Chinese Adolescents
Three hundred and sixty-five Chinese adolescent boys and girls participated in a study of the relationship between perceived maternal and paternal warmth and control in child rearing, and suicidal ideation. Results of correlation and stepwise multiple...
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The Marital Satisfaction Questionaire for Older Persons: Factor Structure in a French Sample
The factor structure of the Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons (Haynes et al., 1992) for a sample of elderly French persons was examined. For the sample as a whole, as well as for women and men separately, the fit between the French...
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