Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 7, 2006

An Analysis of the Motherhood Concept in Employed Women in South Turkey
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to determine women's perceptions of motherhood. We carried out this study with 10 midwives and 10 teachers. Two categories - satisfactions and difficulties - and four main themes became apparent. Satisfactions...
Construction and Validation of an Animal-Human Continuity Scale
A 12-item Animal-Human Continuity Scale with a Likeit-type 7-option format was constructed to measure the extent to which the respondent views humans and animals in a dichotomous fashion vs. on a continuum. After the generation of items on a rational...
Depression among Mothers with Preterm Infants and Their Stress-Coping Strategies
This study examined the level of maternal depressive symptoms and ways of coping among mothers with preterm infants as compared with those of SO mothers with full-term babies. It was conducted in a hospital in Pretoria, South Africa, using the Edinburgh...
Feelings of Subjective Emotional Loneliness: An Exploration of Attachment
This study examines the relationships between parental attachment, peer attachment, and subjective feelings of emotional loneliness. Three alternative models were tested in a group of 440 graduating psychology students at Ghent University in Belgium....
Humanistic Attitudes, Values, System Justification, and Control Beliefs in a Turkish Sample
The values, humanistic attitudes, perceived democratic level and justification of the educational system and personal control beliefs about the educational system in Turkey were investigated. The sample consisted of 211 teacher candidates and 155 teachers...
Item Characteristics Analysis of Attitudes towards Smoking Scale by Log-Linear Models and T Test
A Likert-type scale was used in analysis of the Attitudes Towards Smoking Scale (Tezbasaran & Kelecioglu, 2004) of item characteristics investigated by hierarchical log-linear models and t test. Differential item functioning according to gender and...
Locus of Control and the Attribution for Poverty: Comparing Lebanese and South African University Students
The attitudes of a sample of 443 Lebanese and South African college students towards the causes of poverty as measured by their locus of control and socio-demographic background were studied. Cross-national differences and personality style constructs...
Personal Conceptions of Intelligence: Cross-Cultural Comparisons between Portuguese and Italian Students
This article presents some results of an intercultural study on personal conceptions of intelligence. The sample includes 1,540 students, 811 Italians and 729 Portuguese, from both sexes and of different socioeconomic statuses, of secondary Grades 10...
Resourcefulness and Social Desirability Trait Ascriptions of Males: An Evaluation of Age and Sex
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of age and sex on trait ascriptions toward male targets. Young (n = 40) and elderly (n = 40) participants rated young and elderly male targets on a number of traits of social desirability and resourcefulness...
Self-Efficacy and Health Promotion Behaviors of Older Adults in Iran
Increasing healthy behaviors is the major challenge facing health professionals and populations globally. The purpose of this study was to ascertain if a relationship exists between self-efficacy and health promotion behaviors in a sample of older Iranian...
The Effect of Variety on Consumer Preferences: The Role of Need for Cognition and Recommended Alternatives
The study is based on the two conflicting perspectives of the existing literature: whether large variety will weaken or strengthen consumer preferences. This research identifies need for cognition (NFC) as a key factor moderating the effect of variety...