Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 2, 2007

A Comparative Study of the Effects of Taiwan-United States Employee Categorization on Supervisor Trust
This study used a 2×2×2 within-subjects of scenario experiment design to examine the effects of 3 key employee categorization criteria - relationship (guanxi), loyalty and competence - on the trust attitudes of 217 Taiwan and 132 United States corporate...
A Cross-Cultural Validation of Adolescent Self-Concept in Two Cultures: Japan and Sweden
The psychometric properties of the SDQII (Self-Description Questionnaire II; Marsh, 1992) were examined, and the extent to which Japanese and Swedish adolescents differ in their self-concepts and actual-ideal discrepancies was investigated. Further gender...
Behavioral Profiles of Different Types of Social Status in Preschool Children: An Observational Approach
The aim of this study was to explore the behavioral profiles of children of various types of social status, in a sample of 54 preschool children (15 boys, 39 girls; mean age = 5.15 years), using an observational method. Popular, rejected, neglected and...
Being Proud of Oneself as a Person or Being Proud of One's Physical Appearance: What Matters for Feeling Well in Adolescence?
Among the numerous studies aimed at examining the link between appearance satisfaction and self-esteem at adolescence very few, except Zumpf and Harter (1989), have specifically examined the directionality of the relation. Hence, the first goal of this...
Effects of Flotation Rest (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on Stress Related Muscle Pain: Are 33 Flotation Sessions More Effective Than 12 Sessions?
The aim of the study was to investigate whether or not 33 flotation sessions were more effective for stress-related ailments than 12 sessions. Participants were 37 patients, 29 women and 8 men, all diagnosed as having stress-related pain of a muscle...
Factors of the Thinking Disposition of Japanese High School Students
This study measured high school students' thought disposition through a questionnaire on critical thinking. Factor analysis of the questionnaire revealed 4 factors that showed the aspects of thought disposition. Each factor score was examined to determine...
Materialism and Social Comparison among Adolescents
Materialism and social comparison are important issues, especially in a Chinese context, and especially amongst adolescents. In this paper a theoretical model of the endorsement of materialistic values and social comparison by adolescents was proposed...
The Effect of Age and Culture on the Causes of Loneliness
This study examined the influence of age and cultural background on the causes of loneliness. A total of 194 Canadians and 209 participants from the Czech Republic formed the participant pool. Rather than comparing the two populations and disregarding...
The Effects of Gender and Marital Status on Loneliness of the Aged
This study explored the qualitative aspects of loneliness in the elderly. Eighty-nine men were compared to 239 women in the age range of 61-94. A 30-item yes/no loneliness questionnaire was utilized to compare the loneliness experience in the two samples....
Who Is Watching Tv? Who Is Listening to Radio? Consumer Perceptions of TV and Radio Advertising Information
The objective of this study was to analyze consumer perceptions of television and radio advertising information. Four factors were extracted to explain advertising information, including product/selling information, image information, appealing information,...