Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 2, 1998

Chronic and Acute Neglected Children: Psychological Variables
Reports on child abuse, and, in particular, the abuse cases involving some form of child neglect, have recently indicated a large increase in the United States. The present study was conducted to determine: (1) specific psychological variables of chronic...
Depression, Loneliness, and Health in an Adverse Living Environment: A Study of Bedspace Residents in Hong Kong
Issues concerning deleterious effects of an adverse living environment, characterized by crowded, noisy, and dirty conditions, have been debatable. One way out of this debate is delineating paths through which the living environment affects outcome variables....
Does the Halo Effect Occur in the Elderly?
This study examined whether elderly people would show the typical halo effect of attributing more desirable personality traits to those individuals who have attractive faces (Dion, Bercheid & Walster, 1972). It was predicted that age should bring...
Family Cohesion and Age as Determinants of Homesickness in University Students
Despite the negative psychological effects associated with the transition to university, little is known about the relationship between homesickness and family functioning. One hundred first-year university students completed a questionnaire incorporating...
Intervening Processes between Adolescent Drug Use and Psychological Distress: An Examination of the Self-Medication Hypothesis
The self-medication hypothesis suggests that individuals who experience high levels of psychological distress use drugs to relieve their pain. The extent to which this is the case (and to which people do feel better after using drugs) has had mixed support...
Marriage Mobility and Perceived Status of U.S. Presidents
The Murray-Blessing historical rankings for the 4 U.S. Presidents who married down in social class did not differ significantly from the 8 who married up in social class. This finding is consistent with previous research indicating that men do not lose...
Maximal Contrast in Distinguishing between Individuals
Each of 33 Canadian undergraduates (17 men, 16 women) characterized a pair of new acquaintances on the basis of 30 bipolar dimensions (e.g., optimistic/pessimistic) following a brief interaction with both of them simultaneously. They were assigned to...
Measuring Social Self-Efficacy in a Culturally Diverse Student Population
This paper reports the construction and validation of a measure of social self-efficacy in a range of social interaction situations commonly experienced by tertiary students, including situations posing special concern to recent arrivals to the Australian...
Self-Esteem, Reaction to Uncertainity, and Physican Practice Variation: A Study of Resident Physicans
While significant variations in physicians' practice behavior are well documented, the determinants for these variations are largely unexplored. Focusing on resident physicians, this study examines self-esteem and reaction to uncertainty to explain variations...
The Effects of Prior Experience and Thought on the Attitude-Behavior Relation
Millar and Tesser ( 1986, 1992) have proposed that thought may make either the affective or cognitive component of the attitude more salient and, thus, more important in the formation of a general evaluation. They further proposed that behaviors may...
The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (GSS): Further Data on Its Reliability, Validity, and Metacognition Correlates
This article presents two studies in which the psychometricproperties and validity of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (GSS) were further investigated. Results of the first study (N = 40) indicate that the GSS has reasonable internal consistency....