Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 8, 2006

Body Image and Personality Traits of Male-to-Female Transsexuals and Homosexuals
The aim of this study is to identify the body image and personality traits of male-to-female transsexual and homosexual persons in Turkey: 36 homosexuals and 52 male-to-female transsexuals were evaluated. According to the Body Cathexis Scale (Secord...
Changes in Self-Efficacy and Decisional Balance Following an Intervention to Increase Consumption of Calcium-Rich Foods
In this randomized control study the changes in Transtheoretical Model (TTM; Prochaska & DiClemente, 1983) constructs (Self-Efficacy, Decisional Balance) after a tailored stagebased education program to increase calcium consumption in 40-65-year-old...
Dependency, Self-Criticism, and the Symptom Specificity Hypothesis in a Depressed Clinical Sample
Several theorists have suggested that interpersonal dependency and excessive self-criticism are characteristics of personalities prone to depression. Here the results of a study are presented in which the hypothesis that these personality styles are...
Gender Differences in Health Problems among Kuwait University Undergraduates
This study examined the health status of Kuwait University undergraduates. The Health Problems Checklist (Schinka, 1989) was administered to determine the prevalence and the gender differences in health problems among 945 subjects (343 males and 602...
Intention to Oppose Animal Research: The Role of Individual Differences in Nonconformity
Using animals to test cosmetic products is controversial, but little research has explored its social and psychological influences. Relationships between two personality constructs related to nonconformity (independence and anticonformity) and attitudes...
Perceived Personal Changes in Chinese Ex-Mental Patients Attending a Holistic Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program
This study was an investigation into perceived personal changes in ex-mental patients attending a psychiatric rehabilitation program in Hong Kong. The program used a self-help group approach with holistic care elements emphasizing the physical, psychological,...
Personal and Family Paths to Pupil Achievement
Personal and family factors impacting directly and/or indirectly on academic achievement of a total of 751 eighth grade pupils were assessed. Six achievement tests, as well as pupil and parent questionnaires were used for generating empirical data. A...
Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in College Students with a Chronic Illness
To examine posttraumatic stress symptoms in college students with a chronic illness, volunteers who endorsed having a chronic illness (N=61) were administered the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (FTDS: Foa, Cashman, Jaycox, & Perry, 1997). Over 50%...
Single, Physically Active, Female: The Effects of Information about Exercise Participation and Body Weight on Perceptions of Young Women
This experiment examined whether information about a woman's body weight moderates the effects of information about her exercise habits on ratings of her personality and physical appearance. In a 3 (target's exercise status) x 3 (target's body weight)...
The Effect of Ballet Dance Attire on Body and Self-Perceptions of Female Dancers
Body and self-perceptions of female ballet dancers (N = 38) were assessed in a repeated measures design experiment investigating the effects of dance attire. Participants were randomly assigned to complete a ballet class dressed in a black leotard with...
The Need for Continuing Education in Management Development: Case of Kuwait University
The need for continuing education in management development was investigated with special reference to Kuwait University, and the nature and practice of continuing education, its purposes, problems and its evaluation in relation to management development...
Therapeutic and Nontherapeutic Reactions in a Group of Nurses and Doctors in Turkey to Patients Who Have Attempted Suicide
In this study a questionnaire was used to investigate the predictors of therapeutic versus nontherapeutic reactions to patients hospitalized for attempting suicide in a group of doctors (n = 158) and in a group of nurses (n = 206) working in the health...
The Relationship between Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Attitudes toward Violence: Further Validation of the Attitudes toward Violence Scale
In this study the relationship is examined between attitudes toward violence and right-wing authoritarianism. One hundred and fifty participants completed the Attitudes Toward Violence Scale (ATVS; Anderson, Benjamin, Wood, & Bonacci, 2006) and the...