Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 2, 2002

Alexithymic Mentalising: Theory of Mind and Social Adaptation
Alexithymic individuals are unable to enter into empathic intimate relationships and yet are capable of socially appropriate behavior outside of intimate relationships. The construct of theory of mind is outlined and used to explore a possible mechanism...
A Longitudinal Study of Peer and Teacher Influences on Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior of Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents
The influences of peers and teachers on the prosocial and antisocial behavior of 56 Hong Kong Chinese adolescents were investigated over a two-year period (Time 1 and Time 2). Results indicated that (i) a significant decrease in teacher influence occurred...
"Am I for Real?" Predicting Impostor Tendencies from Self-Handicapping and Affective Components
Impostors are individuals who believe their successes are not due to their own ability, but because of either luck or the notion that they must work harder than others. The relationship between impostor tendencies and different behavioral and affective...
Are Leaders Smarter or Do They Just Seem That Way? Exploring Perceived Intellectual Competence and Leadership Emergence
Both intelligence (Bass, 1990) and self-monitoring (Cronshaw & Ellis, 1991) have been shown to be strong individual predictors of leadership emergence in small groups. The present study proposed a potential mediator in the leadership emergence process....
Demographic and Psychosocial Features and Their Effects on the Survivors of the 1999 Earthquake in Turkey
A survey was conducted of 500 survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey to investigate their levels of alienation and forms of preparedness for future disasters. It was found that the level of alienation in general is not very significant and that level...
Effects of Stress Coping Strategies on Psychological and Physiological Responses during Speeches in Japanese and English
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships between personal levels of active and passive coping through physiological and psychological responses during stressful tasks. Participants were 78 Japanese male and female undergraduate...
Personality Traits as Self-Evaluated and as Judged by Others
Differences in personality traits as self-perceived and as judged by others were examined. A target sample of 80 students were photographed on slide pictures and asked to take the calm-- anxious and introvert-extrovert lists. Another sample of 193 students...
Sex Differences in Self-Rated Ability
Two hundred and one adults completed two questionnaires: the first estimating their scores and that of their partner on nine scales from the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB); the second on beliefs about IQ tests. There was overall no sex difference...
Substance Abuse and Attribution States: The Covalent Security Attribution Model
The attribution of the causality regarding the quality of life in a community and the security within a community differs between user and non-user groups of illegal drugs. An attribution theoretical model based on intergroup relations presents a new...
The United States and Russian in the New World Order: The Dynamics of Reciprocity and the Attributional Assessment of Perception and Behavior
International relations research has examined the relationship of the United States and Russia using a theoretical framework of reciprocity. The reciprocity research has subsumed the attributional characteristics of these actions and events that have...