Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 8, 2010

Alienation Matters: Validity and Utility of Etzioni's Theory of Commitment in Explaining Prosocial Organizational Behavior
In this study assumptions of Etzioni's (1975) theory of control and commitment are tested. Psychometric evidence is provided for the reliability and validity of the Organizational Commitment Scale (Penley & Gould, 1988), operationalizing Etzioni's...
Body Satisfaction and Overall Mood: Effects of Race in Exercisers with Obesity
Body image in obese women is generally poor, and may be affected by race/ethnicity. The impact of exercise is unclear. White and African American women who were obese started on a supported exercise and nutrition education program for weight reduction....
Cross-Cultural Personality Assessment: The Revised Neo Personality Inventory in China
The Mandarin Chinese version of Costa and McCrae's (1992) Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) was used to survey 473 people from 9 occupational groups in mainland China. Internal consistency was adequate for almost all dimensions. Correlations...
Do Government Officials Decide More Rationally Than the Rest of Us?
We investigated the relative weighting of rationality and pleasure in decisions by individuals from all three branches of government. Iudges, government executives, and members of parliament rated their pleasure/displeasure after reading item-sentences...
Exploring Sun Avoidant Attitudes and Behaviors in the United Arab Emirates
JUSTIN THOMAS, FATME ALANOUTI, CAROL CAMPBELL, AND SUMAYA AL AMERIZayed University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab EmiratesThe aim in this study was to develop a Sun Avoidance Inventory (SAI) and then test its factor structure and reliability. The SAI is a culturally...
Individual Differences in Undergraduate Student Athletes: The Roles of Perfectionism and Trait Anxiety on Perception of Procrastination Behavior
The purpose in this study was to examine how undergraduate student athletes organized different explanations relating to behavioral procrastination into a hierarchy. Participants (N = 201) completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, Gorsuch,...
Personality Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Orphaned Survivors of the Sichuan Earthquake
The personality predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder in orphan survivors after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China were investigated. Half a year after the earthquake, 196 preearthquake and 116 postearthquake orphans who survived were recruited....
Personality Traits and Life Satisfaction: A Chinese Case Study
The relationship between the subjective well-being and personality of Chinese public servants employed by a local authority was examined. A total of 682 participants completed the Delighted-Terrible Faces Scale (Andrews & Withey, 1976) and the Chinese...
Socioeconomic Differences in Tranquillizer Use among Spanish Adolescents
We investigated the socioeconomic determinants of tranquillizer use among Spanish teenagers. Highlighting these differences may help health professionals to be more effective in their diagnosis and corresponding prescriptions as well as supporting social...
Student Satisfaction and Self-Efficacy in a Cooperative Robotics Course
In this study, LEGO robotics and cooperative learning were integrated into the design of a course. In the course, preservice teachers had to complete their assignments by cooperating, solving problems, and conducting team discussions. After the course,...
The Antecedents and Consequences of E-Service Quality for Online Banking
The purpose in this study was to explore the antecedents of e-service quality (e-SQ) based on a D&M information systems success model (DeLone & McLean, 1992) by considering e-SQ dimensions as a dependent variable. The consequences of dimensions...
The Attitudes of Middle School Students towards the Environment
We examined the environmental attitudes of middle school students in this cross-sectional study. A questionnaire was administered to 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students at 5 middle schools in Ankara, Turkey. Average in analyses, standard deviation, t test,...
The Effects of User Perception of Value on Use of Blog Services
A weblog (blog) is a form of online technology that has the potential to be a teaching tool by creating a contact point between the teacher and the learner. In this study we used an Internet questionnaire to investigate teaching-related activities, with...
The Emotional Intelligence of Students Who Are Sitting a Special-Ability Examination
We aimed to detect the differences in emotional intelligence in young people according to some sociodemographic variables. A total of 170 people who were sitting a special-ability examination in order to gain a place in the physical education and sports...
The Influence of Project-Based Curricula on Six-Year-Old Preschoolers' Conceptual Development
The aim in this study was to understand the effects of project-based curricula on 6-year-old preschool children's conceptual development. Two classes of 14 preschoolers were assigned at random, 1 to the experimental group and the other to the control...