Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 5, June

Beliefs about Foreign Language Learning among Students Training to Teach English as a Foreign Language
In disciplines such as cognitive psychology, educational psychology, and social psychology, where human behavior and learning are of a primary concern, beliefs are viewed as an important construct to be investigated in relation to their subsequent...
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Construct Shift of Trainee Teachers in English Language after Practicum Experience
It is a fact that change is inescapable in one's life; it takes place for better or worse. This is true of any organism. Yet, how the process evolves depends on so many internal and/or external elements about which individuals sometimes know very little,...
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Correlates of Individualism and Collectivism: Predicting Volunteer Activity
In the present study an extension is made to research examining the contributions of individualism and collectivism to the volunteer experience. The work builds on a conceptual approach in which specific motives for helping are viewed as the first...
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Development of the Acute Stress Response Scale
In recent years, the psychological impact on people of traumatic events has been extensively investigated, particularly in relation to psychological changes in survivors and rescue personnel, who have experienced traumatic events such as disasters...
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Impacts of Korean Fathers' Attachment and Parenting Behavior on Their Children's Social Competence
Social competence is important for mental health, personal adjustment, and both social and academic success in childhood through to early adulthood (Boyum & Parke, 1995; Mendes, McDermott, & Fantuzzo, 2002). It plays a major role in what makes...
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Implicit and Explicit Measures of Adult Attachment to Mothers in a Chinese Context
Research on adult attachment within social and personality psychology mainly relies on self-reports of attachment-related thoughts and feelings in adult relationships (Shaver & Mikulincer, 2002). We regard self-report measures as explicit because...
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Maternal Parenting in Single and Two-Parent Families in South Africa from a Child's Perspective
Divorce rate trends in South Africa are consistent with international divorce rates. According to Statistics South Africa (2008), the past decade has seen a marked increase in divorce rates within the different racial groups, with African groups increasing...
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Talent or Effort? Parents' Explanations of Their Children's Mathematical Performance in Relation to Mathematical Competence
The ways in which parents explain their children's school performance is of educational significance, as explanations contribute to parental reliance on the child's competencies. This study was aimed at identifying patterns of explanation that parents...
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The Influence of Cultural Values on Spectators' Sport Attitudes and Team Identification: An East-West Perspective
Attitudes toward spectator sport, the level of team identification, and the relationships between the attitudes and team identification are likely to be different for Americans, Koreans, and Taiwanese because of the impacts of Confucian tradition and...
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Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process to Construct Performance Indicators for Comprehensive High Schools in Taiwan
Human resources are the most valuable asset for a developing country (Drucker, 1999). For more than two decades, educational reforms in Taiwan have been carried out in order to improve the quality of the country's human resources. The creation of a...
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Well-Being and Belief in a Just World among Rest Home Residents
The numbers of elderly people living in Lebanese rest homes has increased over the past decade. These elderly residents require living conditions that ensure their well-being and good quality of life, both physical and psychological (O'Boyle, 1997)....
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Why People Share Knowledge in Virtual Communities
The Internet has experienced a new wave of development in recent years. Some have called this new wave Web 2.0, in contrast to the Web 1.0 of the previous Internet era (O'Reilly, 2005). These two phases differ in the way information is shared. In the...
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