Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 3, April

Ethical Leadership and Leaders' Personalities
Driven by ethics scandals in government, academic, and even nonprofit organizations, researchers have recently turned their attention to a new research topic of ethical leadership (Brown, Trevino, & Harrison, 2005), in which ethical and unethical...
Examining Group-Based Trust with the Investment Game
In network societies, where the number of connections with others tends to be large, interactions can be ephemeral and superficial. Basing trust on personal knowledge of others may not be possible, as we have scant information about others. In such...
Foreign Language Teacher Trainees' Reading Attitudes
To date, there have been many studies in which the various dimensions of student reading attitudes have been investigated (Lakici, 2005; Gomleksiz, 2004; Hall, 2005; Lafontaine, 2008; Lafontaine & de Serres, 2007; Unal, 2006; Wang, 2000). However,...
Gender, Gender Role, and Creativity
Despite four decades of scholarly interest in gender and creativity, no clear picture has emerged regarding the relationship between these two important and complex phenomena. Empirical studies of gender differences in creative ability have yielded...
How Cognitive Reappraisal of Anger Influences Risk-Taking Behavior
In contrast to positive emotions, negative emotions, especially anger, affect decision making and are likely to result in risky choices or self-destructive behavior (see DeSteno, Petty, Wegener, & Rucker, 2000, for a review). When in a negative...
Leisure, Lifestyle, and Health-Related Physical Fitness for College Students
Leisure is important for everyone. Adolescents are in a critical period of personality development and social adaptability during which they experience substantial qualitative and quantitative changes in physical, psychological, emotional, moral, and...
Nonshared Environment and Monozygotic Adolescent Twin Differences in Effortful Control
Effortful control is an important regulative dimension of temperament, which is associated with later internalizing and externalizing problems (Calkins & Dedmon, 2000; Eisenberg, Cumberland, et al., 2001; Lengua, 2006; Loukas & Roalson, 2006;...
Proposing a Multidimensional Machiavellianism Conceptualization
Niccolo Machiavelli, a political advisor to the Medici family in Florence, introduced in Il Principe (The Prince, 1513), suggestions for a leader who was strategic, tactical, cold, who planned for the long-term, was pragmatic, sly, cunning, manipulative,...
The Effects of Stressors, Living Support, and Adjustment on Learning Performance of International Students in Taiwan
With the development of information technology and communication, globalization is becoming the trend (Ischinger, 2008). It is increasingly common for people to travel and live outside of their home countries. Higher education is one of the reasons...
The Impact of GuiFu on Identity and Behavior in the Mass Market
In Mandarin, GuiFu ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) refers to women holding honored positions or elegance where elegance implies a person whose lifestyle and behavior are aesthetically pleasing and/or appropriate to her social status. GuiFu is very...
The Impacts of Homepage Screen Density on Website Evaluations: The Moderating Role of Personality Type
The homepage is the most important page for every website because it is a company's face to the world of the Internet. Visitors who gain a bad initial impression of a homepage may choose to go to other websites (Nielsen & Tahir, 2002). From a marketing...
The Influence of School Relationships on Anxiety and Depression among Chinese Adolescents Whose Parents Are Absent
Since 1990 a great number of rural workers in China have left the countryside to move to urban areas in search of jobs to support their families, and most often both husbands and wives have left home together. For many reasons, the majority of these...
The Relationships among Emotional Exhaustion, Emotional Intelligence, and Occupational Identity of Social Workers in China
Social work began in China in 1922 when J. S. Burgess and D. W. Edward, members of the Princeton University Alumni Association in China, established a sociology department at Yenching University (Xia & Guo, 2002). However, in the next three decades,...
The Self-Loving Self-Leader: An Examination of the Relationship between Self-Leadership and the Dark Triad
The relatively new and rarely empirically investigated construct of self-leadership (SL; see e.g., Neck & Houghton, 2006) lacks integration within a nomological network. It is not clear how SL is associated with different personality traits (Furtner...