Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 37, No. 10, November

Aging Anxiety and Personality Traits among Taiwanese Undergraduates
The increase in the older adult population is a global phenomenon. In Taiwan, the percentage of the population aged 65 or more years has reached 10.4% and the aging index has risen to 61.5 (Government Information Office of Taiwan, 2008). Some intergenerational...
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Consequences of Postpurchase Dissonance: The Mediating Role of an External Information Search
Social psychologist Festinger (1957) developed the theory of cognitive dissonance. This is a psychologically uncomfortable state owing to an inconsistency between attitude and behavior. The discomfort typically motivates people to act to reduce this...
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Does Equality Contribute to Prosocial Behavior?
One of the fair ways to allocate resources is to guarantee everyone an equal chance to receive equal allocations. Research has shown that people prefer this equality over other ways such as need and equity in social interaction situations (e.g., Camerer...
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Dynamic Fearful Expressions Enhance Gaze-Triggered Attention Orienting in High and Low Anxiety Individuals
The direction in which others are gazing, along with their facial expressions, provides crucial information about the environment. The ability to orient attention rapidly according to the gaze of others confers an evolutionary advantage in that it...
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Economic Environment and Personality: How Do They Influence Investment Decisions and Regret?
As a general behavior, investment decision making is influenced by both environmental and individual factors. Kahneman and Tversky (1979) found that individual risk preferences differ when faced with differing circumstances (gain vs. loss). Other researchers...
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Examining the Permanence of the Effect of a Social Skills Training Program for the Acquisition of Social Problem-Solving Skills
People who form childrens' social environments, including parents, teachers, and friends, play an important role in the acquisition of social skills. When children start walking and talking, their social environment broadens and they will, therefore,...
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Job Demand, Emotional Awareness, and Job Satisfaction in Internships: The Moderating Effect of Social Support
A successful hospitality and tourism academic program produces graduates who have the benefit of having had high-quality learning experiences, and who consequently have the knowledge, skills, and ability to meet the needs of the industry (Harris &...
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Job Stress and Performance: A Study of Police Officers in Central Taiwan
Job stress is universally recognized as a social problem (Mizuno, Yamada, Ishii, & Tanaka, 2006), but there is much greater job stress for police officers than for employees in other industries (Mitani, Fujita, Nakata, & Shirakawa, 2006). Police...
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Parent-Offspring Conflict over the Age of Prospective Spouses
Parents and their offspring are not genetically identical as, although all of the offspring's genes come from their parents, not all of the parents' genes are present in the offspring. The offspring make mate choices which maximize their own fitness,...
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Task Characteristics and Team Performance: The Mediating Effect of Team Member Satisfaction
Work teams have become a popular work design in organizations today and a great deal of research has been conducted to understand factors that explain how and why teams achieve desired outcomes. As an important factor in the Input-Process-Outcome model,...
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The Effect of Mood States on Variety-Seeking Behavior: The Moderating Role of Price Promotion
When shopping, consumers often encounter and process a large amount of different promotion information, which can influence their buying intentions and actual purchasing behavior. Promotion, especially price promotion, is one of the most powerful and...
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The Effect of Negatively Worded Measures of Self-Esteem on Children
Low self-esteem in learning disabled or emotionally disturbed children has been reported as a result of their failures in various social and educational settings (e.g., Conley, Ghavami, Vonohlen, & Foulkes, 2007). To verify such a decline, a number...
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The Relationship between Fatigue and Personality in a Student Population
Fatigue is commonly experienced by people in the general population, as well as being experienced as a clinical manifestation. It is a complex symptom associated with many physiological, psychological, and pathological processes. Fatigue accompanies...
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The Role of Task-Oriented versus Relationship-Oriented Leadership on Normative Contract and Group Performance
Over the last few decades, the issue of psychological contracts has been one of the most salient themes covered in literature on organizational behavior. A psychological contract mediates between the characteristics of an organization and the attitudes...
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Tracking the Stability and Change of Volition of Foreign Language Learners
It is acknowledged that English vocabulary learning plays a salient role in the field of second language education. Both researchers and instructors agree that learners/students need sufficient vocabulary for communication. This is because "[k]nowing...
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