Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 37, No. 3, April

An Examination of Values Associated with Sports Attitude and Consumption Behavior: An Exploratory Study
The value concept has been considered crucial by various scholars (e.g., Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz, 1992). Rokeach (1973) wrote that "the value concept, more than any other, should occupy a central position across all the social sciences" because it...
Are Obsessive Beliefs and Interpretative Bias of Intrusions Predictors of Obsessive Compulsive Symptomatology? A Study with a Turkish Sample
In 1995, a group of researchers known as the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group (OCCWG) came together and agreed to develop measures of OCD-related cognitions. They developed the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ) which measures beliefs...
Caregivers' Decisions on Placement of Family Members in Long-Term Care Facilities in Japan: Analysis of Caregiver Interviews
In April 2000, the Japanese government started the national long-term care insurance in anticipation of the demand for long-term care (LTC) services by the largest aging population in the history of the world, with approximately one in every four persons...
Developing a Cognitive Flexibility Scale: Validity and Reliability Studies
Martin and Rubin (1995) emphasized the need for flexibility in thinking before acting. In this respect, cognitive flexibility can be defined as the awareness of various possible options for dealing with a situation, a willingness for adaptation and...
HIV/AIDS-Related Sexual Risk Behaviors in Male Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China
China is experiencing a rapid increase in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Previously, the two main causes of the spread of HIV/AIDS were intravenous drug use and commercial blood/plasma collection but heterosexual transmission has been increasing recently...
Natural Stress Relief Meditation as a Tool for Reducing Anxiety and Increasing Self-Actualization
In recent years, psychologists and other scientists have studied certain standardized forms of meditation such as Transcendental Meditation (TM) and Natural Stress Relief (NSR) Meditation. The results of these studies indicate that these forms of deep...
Predictors of Academic Success in First Semester Baccalaureate Nursing Students
It is disturbing that 30% of students who enter a baccalaureate nursing education program do not graduate. Even more alarmingly, of this 30%, approximately 82.3% leave the program in their first semester (Morgan, 2001). At the same time, the number...
Relationships between Personal Religious Orientation and Ethical Ideologies
Religion is considered to be one of the most important and stable social forces in shaping an individual's life. Like religion, ethical ideology is another human endeavor which is often sought after for meaning. Although personal religiousness is acknowledged...
Stressors and Burnout: The Role of Employee Assistance Programs and Self-Efficacy
Stress is prevalent in modern society and can have many consequences in the business world, including job burnout, ill-health, high staff turnover, absenteeism, low morale, and reduced efficiency and performance (Hannigan, Edwards, & Burnard, 2004)....
Temperament and Attentional Focus: Reaction Time Indicators of Bias and Cue Salience
The present study is a replication and extension of empirical studies by Derryberry and Reed (1994), among others, which have indicated that temperament and related motivational systems influence attentional processes. Derryberry and Reed trace this...
The Relationship among Achievement Motivation, Psychological Contract and Work Attitudes
According to the literature, the psychological contract is regarded as the key factor influencing employees' attitudes (Raja, Johns, & Ntalianis, 2004). When employees are treated well by organizations, they are willing to contribute to the organizations...
The Relationship of Transformational Leadership with Group Cohesiveness and Emotional Intelligence
Over the last two decades, transformational leadership has become one of the dominant leadership theories within organizational sciences (Bass, 1990). One reason for the interest in transformational leadership is that those who possess this quality...
Value Judgments and Perceived Self-Efficacy of Biology Teacher Candidates
The behaviors of every individual are guided--directly or indirectly--by his or her values. Values are of vital importance since a shared set of collective beliefs is what brings people together and forms a society. Shared values are the essence of...