Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 1, February

A Comparison between the Effect of Emotional Certainty and Uncertainty on Coping Strategies
It was proposed that any emotion associated with a feeling of certainty would promote problem-focused coping, whereas any emotion associated with a feeling of uncertainty would lead to more emotion-focused coping. An experiment with 180 undergraduate...
An Empirical Study of the Training Evaluation Decision-Making Model to Measure Training Outcome
Organizations in Taiwan are facing more rigorous competition than ever before because of the new era of globalization. As a result, human resource development (HRD) has received additional attention in both the public and private sectors. In the public...
Conceptualization of Incorporating Subjective Taste Preference, Subjective Psychometric Constructs, and Objective Alternative Attributes into Consumer Choice Behavior Models
Consumer choice behavior models have been extensively used to analyze individuals' choice behavior in a variety of fields such as marketing, economics, and transportation. Previous consumer behavior studies have been based on the assumption that consumer...
Conflict Resolution Strategies and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Moderating Role of Trait Emotional Intelligence
Over the years, several studies have linked conflict resolution with work performance or work indicators (attitudes) (Alper, Law, & Tjosvold, 2000; Meyer, 2004; Ogungbamila, 2006). The federal government's implementation of the monetization policy...
Early Psychological Intervention Following a Natural Disaster: A Study with a Victim Buried under Rubble for 124 Hours
Wenchuan is a small city in Sichuan Province, China, that was the epicenter of a devastating earthquake on May 12, 2008. The earthquake caused significant damage to the city, and many people were buried in the rubble of collapsed buildings. One victim...
Factors Influencing the Entrepreneurial Attitude of Taiwanese Tertiary-Level Business Students
Entrepreneurship as an element of social change is in part evolutionary, and also part revolutionary, so that it is partly beneficial and partly detrimental to the well-being of society (Snyder, 2008). The younger generation of the 21st century is...
Gender Differences in Optimism: Evidence from Yahoo Kimo Taiwan's Business News Poll Centre
As the social status of women rises with higher education and more disposable income, their behavior as consumers and investors is becoming more valued. Consequently, studies of gender differences have become more popular. In many of the previous studies...
Health Behaviors in Health Sciences University Students in Turkey
The understanding of health varies between individuals and from society to society over time. In the past and in traditional understanding, the concept of health was understood only in terms of illness and disability but the modern understanding of...
Knowledge Workers' Interpersonal Skills and Innovation Performance: An Empirical Study of Taiwanese High-Tech Industrial Workers
While interpersonal skills have always been considered to be critical to the performances of managers and supervisors, recent trends in the workplace have extended the importance of these skills to virtually everyone in an organization. Flattening...
Safety Climate and Relational Conflict in the Eyes of Team Members: Examining the Role of Need for Closure
Kruglanski's (1989) lay epistemology theory argued that people formulate beliefs and make judgments based on available alternatives, plausible assumptions, and evidence from the context in which they are embedded. Following this line of thought, Kruglanski...
Teachers' Perceptions of Bullying in High Schools: A Turkish Study
Peer bullying is universally considered to be a form of aggressive behavior although it is defined in different ways in many cultures. In the relevant literature peer bullying deals mainly with the period of childhood and early adolescence. Bullying...
The Effects of 43 Hours of Sleep Deprivation on Executive Control Functions: Event-Related Potentials in a Visual Go/no Go Task
In the adult population there is a high prevalence of sleep loss which can affect physical, emotional, and cognitive functions (Falkenstein, Hoormann, & Hohnsbein, 1999; Fallgatter & Strik, 1999; Filipovic, Jahanshahi, & Rothwell, 2000)....
The Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Conflict-Handling Styles in Terms of Relative Authority Positions of the Two Parties
Conflict, an inevitable component of social life, is highly prevalent in organizational settings where people work together (Cosier & Ruble, 1981). In response to growing demands for workplace harmony and productivity (Chen & Tjosvold, 2002)...