Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 4, May

Acceptance of Information Technology and the Internet by People Aged over Fifty in Taiwan
In 1997, people aged over 60 accounted for 10% of the gross world population, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, 2000) statistical analysis. Further, it was predicted that this number will reach...
A Comparison of Self-Assessment and Tutor Assessment of Undergraduate Psychology Students
Assessment is a vital aspect of learning and is used to evaluate students' knowledge of material, understanding of content, ability to conceptualize, and capacity to think critically. Within this assessment framework, colleges and universities also...
Alibi Believability: The Impact of Salacious Alibi Activities
An alibi is a claim that you were elsewhere at the time a crime was committed (Olson & Wells, 2004). Alibis are important because Wells et al. (1998) found that in 11 out of 40 wrongful conviction cases, innocent individuals provided either weak...
Cognitive and Emotional Correlates of Different Types of Deception
Psychophysiological measures of deception detection are based on the expectation that lying may cause guilt and fear, which are, in turn, reflected in autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses. However, measures such as polygraphs have been challenged...
Context and Creativity: The Theory of Planned Behavior as an Alternative Mechanism
Contemporary organizations are obsessed with generating ideas that modify the business paradigm, and thus experiment with various ways to produce innovations in products and services more effectively (Gong, Huang, & Farh, 2009). Because individuals...
Do Consumers' Perceptions of Price Fairness Differ According to Type of Firm Ownership?
Price is an important factor that influences consumer choice. All enterprises wish to set a price that maximizes their profit but fairness is a constraint on profit seeking (Kahneman, Knetsch, & Thaler, 1986b). Consumer satisfaction and price consciousness...
Do Women Prefer "Nice Guys"? the Effect of Male Dominance Behavior on Women's Ratings of Sexual Attractiveness
There is a stereotype in popular culture that women do not choose "nice guys" over other men (Desrochers, 1995; McDaniel, 2005; Urbaniak & Kilmann, 2003). According to this view, there is a discrepancy between women's stated preference for "nice...
Effects of College Students' Video Gaming Behavior on Self-Concept Clarity and Flow
Playing video games is no longer the exclusive preserve of teenage boys hanging out in dimly lit arcades. During the last 30 years, gaming has both evolved in its complex processes and diffused into the mainstream of societies in many parts of the...
How Need for Cognition Moderates the Influence of Country of Origin and Price on Consumer Perception of Quality
Accompanying the expansion of economic globalization around the world, marketers have many opportunities, but they also face much fiercer competition than ever before. Under these conditions, when managers develop marketing and manufacturing strategies,...
Measurement of Aging Anxiety in Taiwan: An Application of a Multidimensional Item Response Model
Everyone must face the reality of their own mortality. Fear of aging is a core mediator regulating individual aging processes and experiences, as well as attitudes and behaviors towards elders (Allan & Johnson, 2009; Lasher & Faulkender, 1993)....
School Adjustment and Internalizing Problems in Chinese Adolescents: Implications of Social Change
Developmental theorists have long argued that the social world is subject to continuous historical change and that human lives carry the imprint of their social environment (Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 2006; Elder, 1974; Silbereisen, 2000). Consequently,...
Some Factors in Deviant Behaviors of Elementary School Students in Taiwan and Japan
Students' deviant behavior is an important issue for school management and education authorities in a number of countries. In recent years, the governments of Japan and Taiwan have paid serious attention to deviant behaviors of students in both countries,...
Sport Participation and Self-Esteem as Mediated by Perceived Peer Acceptance and Sport Self-Concept in Taiwanese College Students
Previous researchers (Larson, 2000; Smith, 2003) have emphasized the importance of sport participation for individuals' self-esteem. For example, some researchers argued that sport promotes positive adjustment by offering opportunities to learn, for...
The Influence of Collectivism and Rater Error on Organizational Citizenship and Impression Management Behaviors
Since Bateman and Organ (1983) developed the concept, organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) has emerged as a popular area for organizational behavior study. With the rapid growth of OCB theory and research, there has been a proliferation of similar...
The Mediating Role of Job Feedback in the Relationship between Neuroticism and Emotional Labor
Since Hochschild (1979) introduced the concept of emotional labor, many psychology and management researchers have investigated its various antecedents and outcomes (Zapf, 2002). Emotional labor refers to the way employees manage their emotional expressions...
The Relationship between Abuse within the Family and Social Skills of Turkish Senior Primary School Children
It is very important that children are brought up in a healthy manner in all respects (Unal, 2008). Children, from the moment they are born, lay the foundations of their personalities and psychological systems based on the interactions they have with...
The Relationship between Dichotomous Thinking and Music Preferences among Japanese Undergraduates
Many genres of music exist worldwide and it is noteworthy that since the mid-19th century many kinds of Western music originating in Europe and the United States have triggered diversification of music genres in Japan. As the country has undergone...
Understanding Knowledge-Sharing Motivation, Incentive Mechanisms, and Tisfaction in Virtual Communities
Recently both business executives and academics have recognized knowledge sharing as a critical enabler for individuals to create value and sustain a competitive advantage in a rapidly changing environment (Abrams, Cross, Lesser, & Levin, 2003;...