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Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 37, No. 4, May

Anger, Self-Esteem, and Perceived Social Support in Adolescence
Adolescence is a period in which there are dramatic changes, and as a result of such changes an individual's perception of the world is altered. It is well documented that there are emotional ups and downs during this period (Adams, 1995). Adolescents...
Anti-Expressions: Artificial Control Stimuli for the Visual Properties of Emotional Facial Expressions
Facial expressions of emotion are indispensable communicative media for human social life. Consequently, several psychological studies have investigated the processing of emotional facial expressions (e.g., Williams, Moss, Bradshaw, & Mattingley,...
Burnout among Torgersen's Eight Personality Types
Two of the predominant models in trait psychology are currently the Big Five model (e.g., Goldberg, 1990) and the Giant Three model (e.g., Eysenck, 1994). The Big Five model postulates that personality can be exhaustively described in terms of neuroticism,...
Competency Identification of Sales Staff in the Agricultural Seed Industry: Evidence from Seed Firms in China
The seed industry is traditionally regarded as a technology-oriented industry and previous relevant studies have often focused on their R&D capacity (Butler & Marion, 1985; Pray, Ramaswami, & Kelley, 2001). Hence it is widely recognized...
Efficacy of Request Presentation on Compliance
The art of gaining compliance plays an influential role in every society and every culture (Petrova, Cialdini, & Sills, 2007). The completion of set objectives (goals) usually entails the solicitation of others' assistance in accomplishing that...
Forms of Present Time Orientation and Satisfaction with Life in the Context of Attitudes toward Past and Future
The focus of interest in this article is on the relationship between present time orientation and satisfaction with life. Three forms of present time orientation are analyzed: hedonism, fatalism and active concentration. Present time orientation is...
Measurement of the Conjunction Error in Social Judgment: Answer Choice and Answer Justification
A basic principle of probability is the conjunction rule, P (A & B) [less than or equal to] P (A). The probability of two events, taken together, cannot be more probable than that of either of the individual elements which comprise the conjunction....
Perceptions of Soccer Players about Leadership Powers According to Their Level of Play
The influence of leaders and the compliance of followers have both been studied frequently in social and organizational psychology within a theoretical framework known as the bases of social power (French & Raven, 1959; Frost & Stahelski, 1988)....
Personality Traits and Job Performance in Local Government Organizations in China
Personality is generally accepted as a valid predictor of job performance given the conclusions reached in several recent meta-analyses (e.g., Barrick & Mount, 1991; Salgado, 1997; Tett, Jackson, & Rothstein, 1991). Considerable research has...
Relationship between Family Structure Variables and Sexual Identification as Measured by the Draw-a-Person Test
The Draw-A-Person (DAP) Test (Machover, 1949) is considered one of the most frequently used projective instruments in clinical practice (Roback, 1968; Wade, Baker, Morton, & Baker, 1978). Many major hypotheses concerning what the DAP measures in...
Self-Concept and Dangerous Driving Proclivity in Male and Female Israeli Drivers
Self-esteem is regarded as a component of global self-concept (Rosenberg, 1989), and defined as an individual's overall positive evaluation of the self (Cast & Burke, 2002). Low self-esteem has been found to be associated with aggressive driving...
The Effects of an Emotional Intelligence Skills Training Program on the Consistent Anger Levels of Turkish University Students
Emotional intelligence is defined as a kind of social technique that allows the individual to understand his or her own emotions and those of others, to be able to differentiate between them, to be able to think about these emotions and to use the...
The Leadership Competency Modeling of Military Academy Cadets
The nature of military operations places huge emphasis on those in positions of leadership. Adequate leadership at all levels is so important that success cannot be guaranteed without it--even with superior equipment or technology. Therefore, military...
The Sources of Work Stress for Chinese High School Teachers
Dunham (1992) defined stress as a process of behavioral, emotional, mental, and physical reactions caused by prolonged, increasing, or new pressures that are significantly greater than the availability of coping strategies. Before the 1990s, the concept...