Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 3, April

A Causal Model of Hopelessness Depression in Chinese Undergraduate Students
Hopelessness theory is a diathesis-stress theory of depression that posits a series of contributory causes that interact with one another to culminate in a specific subtype of depression, that is, hopelessness depression (Abramson, Metalsky, &...
Achievement Goals and Physical Self-Perceptions of Adolescent Athletes
Achievement goal orientations are affected by athletes' self-perceptions and behavioral patterns in achievement settings such as sport (Dweck & Leggett, 1988). Achievement goals reflect differences in an individual's conception of ability. The...
Adolescents' Impulse Buying: Susceptibility to Interpersonal Influence and Fear of Negative Evaluation
Scholars focused on the significance of impulse buying during the 1990s. Beatty and Ferrell (1998) defined impulse buying as a sudden and unplanned purchase on a planned shopping expedition. Rook and Gardner (1993) similarly described impulse buying...
Application of the Chinese Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist to Adolescent Earthquake Survivors in China
The Wenchuan earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter Scale occurred on May 12, 2008 in the Sichuan province of China. It was one of the deadliest and most devastating natural disasters in China and killed at least 68,700 people, including more than...
Causal Attributions of Workplace Gender Equality, Just World Belief, and the Self/other Distinction
Belief in a just world (BJW) is often examined in terms of a fundamental attitudinal orientation involving individuals buffering negative feelings when faced with injustice and victimization (see Montada, 1998). Originally defined as the fundamental...
Do Korean Young Children's Daily Routines and Their Mothers' Parenting Stress Differ According to Socioeconomic Status?
As the period when the groundwork for the physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development of young children is laid, the first five years of life are very important. Young children's continuous interactions with their surrounding environments not...
Evaluating the Chinese Soldier Personality Questionnaire in Terms of Assessing Schizotypal Personality Proneness
Schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is characterized by a need for social isolation, strange behavior and thinking, and, often, unconventional beliefs. In recent studies it has been shown that SPD and schizophrenia share some common characteristics...
Hopelessness Levels of Children Living with Their Parents or in an Orphanage
The basic condition required for a child to develop a healthy personality is the presence of a warm environment providing her/him with love, support, and understanding. In her research on the effects on children of divorce and mother's absence Bilen...
How Confidence and Uncertainty Affect Consumers' Enjoyment of Gambling
People often try to predict the outcome of an upcoming event. For example, during football season, thousands of people log onto Yahoo's fantasy sports (http://fantasysports.yahoo.com) to predict results of upcoming National Football League and college...
Individual Differences in Adult Crying: The Role of Attachment Styles
Shedding emotional tears is a typically, and probably even uniquely, human emotional expression that originates from the separation calls designed to maintain maternal-offspring contact in all mammals and birds (Vingerhoets, Bylsma, & Rottenberg,...
Locus of Control in Nursing Students on a Problem-Based Learning Program: A Longitudinal Examination
Locus of control (LOC) is defined as a person's perception of control over his/her own life and how he/she copes with events (Dag, 1997). Researchers have described two potential sources of LOC for individuals: internal and external. Rotter (1966)...
Segmentation of Users of Social Networking Websites
Social networking websites (SNSs) are understood to be "a web-based service which is based on certain meaningful and valuable relationships including friendship, kinship, interests, and activities, and which allows individuals to network for a variety...
Should Women Return Home? the Interactive Effects of Sexism and Economic Confidence
A proposal for women to return to their traditional role of staying at home has often been offered in serious economic situations (Han & Yuan, 2008). This may suggest that the overall economic situation may affect people's attitudes toward women...
Team Cognition, Collective Efficacy, and Performance in Strategic Decision-Making Teams
Teamwork has become an essential element in most organizations (Tasa, Taggar, & Seijts, 2007). Organizations are increasingly using teamwork for effective strategic decision making with the aim of acquiring a sustainable competitive advantage in...
The Empathy-Altruism Association and Its Relevance to Health Care Professions
As defined in social psychology, altruism refers to an "other-oriented" motivational state or behavior with the primary goal of increasing or benefiting another's well-being (Batson, Ahmad, & Lishner, 2009). As a motivational state, altruism sometimes...
The Mental Health Status of Chinese Medical Peacekeepers in Lebanon
Owing to growing threats to global security, the role of United Nations (UN) peacekeeping or humanitarian interventions has increased dramatically in recent years. Peacekeeping has become more dangerous as missions have become riskier, longer, unpredictable,...
The Sweet Smell of the Requester: Vanilla, Camphor, and Foot-in-the-Door
In relation to the foot-in-the-door principle, Freedman and Fraser (1966, p. 195) noted that "once a person has been induced to comply with a small request, he is more likely to comply with a larger demand". In other words, performing a small request...