Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 7, August

A Contribution to the Validation of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale in an Italian Sample
Many nations are making efforts in promoting regular physical activity to improve health and behavioral outcomes of young people and adults. Many authors have underscored the importance of regular physical activity throughout an individual's lifespan....
Adolescent Self-Esteem, Problem Behaviors, and Perceived Social Support in Turkey
Adolescence may be defined as the period within the life span when most of people's biological, cognitive, psychological, and social characteristics are changing from what is typically considered childlike to what is considered adult. For adolescents,...
Cultural Values and Cognitive Moral Development of Accounting Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Study
After some significant financial scandals around the world, such as those involving Enron, WorldCom, and Arthur Andersen, various United States bodies have appealed to the public for a greater emphasis on accounting ethics. A wave of discussion...
Evaluation of Body Language Behavior in a Class Debate
Individuals, particularly in face-to-face contact with each other, use not only words but also nonverbal means such as eye movement, intonation, gesture and other features of their physical appearance in conveying their thoughts and feelings to...
Interrelations of Gender Schemas in Children and Adolescents: Attitudes, Preferences, and Self-Perceptions
Martin, Ruble, and Szkrybalo (2002) argued that one of the distinctive aspects of the gender schema approaches as compared to social learning approaches is that "the relative strength or rigidity of gender-related knowledge and behavior waxes and...
Medical Students' Gender-Specific Examination Performance
Research on gender differences in medicine has centered on the position of women as better communicators, more involved with psychosocial problems and female-specific problems. Hardly any research has examined the interaction between a doctor's...
Opinions of Midwifery Students on Adolescent Sexuality and Reproductive Health in Turkey
In the last 20 years, worldwide, unprotected sex, unwanted pregnancies, abortions, and sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents have become significant health problems (Blum & Nelson-Mmari, 2004; Olukoya, Kaya, Ferguson, & Abouzahr,...
Passive Event-Related Potentials by a Single Tone in Personality Disorders
Some later components of the event-related potentials (ERPs) in the active "oddball" paradigm, such as P3 (classical P3, P300, or P3b), appearing in response to stimulus uncertainty, are thought to reflect the active allocation of attentional resources...
Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Children's Self-Report Social Skills Scale
The development of children's social skills is critical both to children and to the educational enterprise, as can be seen by the increasing educational and psychological research literature on the development, assessment, and treatment of children's...
Social Value Orientation and Information Level in Selling Prices
In a transaction situation, different parties often have different amounts of information about the transaction. Sometimes, the seller has the information but the buyer lacks it (asymmetric information) or both the buyer and the seller have the...
The Relations between Expatriate Management and the Mentality and Adjustment of Expatriates
Expatriation refers to foreign job assignment for a certain period of time. Expatriates play an important role in the business operation, and are an expensive human resource. However, there are management problems inherent in employing expatriates...
The Relationship between Locus of Control and Mental Health Status among Baccalaureate Nursing Students in Turkey
Nursing is a profession which requires a significant level of interpersonal skills as nurses are required to develop and maintain relationships with a variety of individuals. To be effective, nurses must be able to respond to varied situations....
The Relationship between Prospective Teachers' Strategies for Coping with Stress and Their Perceptions of Student Control
Stress among teachers has been studied by Kyriacou (1980) and by Dunham (1986). Coping is defined as a process in which personal resources are used to manage tension-generating events in efforts to maintain or enhance feelings of well-being (Ellis...
The Translation Equivalence of the Effort Scale between Chinese and Portuguese Travel Agents
The problem of establishing translation equivalence of the Effort Scale (O'Neil & Snow, 1990) to Chinese and Portuguese was examined with the goal of conducting cross-cultural research on attributions of success and failure in the travel industry...