Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 8, September

Analyzing Peer Pressure and Self-Efficacy Expectations among Adolescents
During adolescence physical and mental development are accompanied by psychosocial changes (Dacey & Travers, 1996). Adolescents begin to become independent from their parents, and they spend more time with their peers. Being a member of a peer...
Can an Emotional Intelligence Program Improve Adolescents' Psychosocial Adjustment? Results from the INTEMO Project
Emotional intelligence (EI) has been operationalized from diverse theoretical viewpoints. According to the ability-based model (Mayer & Salovey, 1997), it is defined as a set of abilities used to perceive, use, understand, and manage emotions....
Communication Skills of Roma and Non-Roma Mothers and Receptive Language Levels of Their Children
Communication within the family is crucial in child development because cultural values, norms, and interpretation patterns are transmitted to children via intrafamilial communication (Kreppner, 1996). As communication is the major building block of...
Conscientiousness and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Mediating Role of Organizational Justice
Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is considered one of the most critical issues in the field of organizational behaviors and in the past quarter century there have been numerous studies carried out in which the focus has been on OCB (Podsakoff,...
Cramming, Active Procrastination, and Academic Achievement
Until now, most studies have been focused on the negative impact of procrastination on learning and achievement. Researchers have reported that procrastination is related to lower grades and course withdrawals (e.g., Beswick, Rothblum, & Mann,...
Drinking Motives, Sensation Seeking, and Alcohol Use among Thai High School Students
Alcohol use during adolescence greatly increases the likelihood that an alcoholic disorder will develop later in life (Nixon & McClain, 2010). In a national household survey in Thailand in 2007 current alcohol use among adolescents (12-19 years)...
Effect of Academic Comparisons on the Subjective Well-Being of Chinese Secondary School Students
The quest for happiness has been a human concern throughout history. Happiness can be characterized as the extent to which individuals favorably judge the overall quality of their life (Veenhoven, 1991). In psychological terms, happiness refers to...
Extended Service Quality Model: Causes of Agency Problems and Ethical Sales Behavior
In a competitive market, information of interest to buyers and sellers is often inadequately transmitted (Palmon & Sopranzetti, 2008). The process of obtaining information is costly and inefficient because both suppliers and demanders may conceal...
Fathers' Parenting and Children's Adjustment: The Mediating Role of Father-Child Conflict
The manner in which a child is raised by his or her parents has long been considered a crucial determinant of later mental health. In the vast majority of studies in which the relationships between parents and children are investigated, the focus is...
How Subjective Well-Being Affects Emotional Processing: The Role of Event-Related Potentials
Findings in recent studies have shown that individual differences in personality, gender, age, and genotype have a potential regulating function on emotion process in the prefrontal lobe and limbic system across multidimensions, such as emotional reactions,...
Interactional Justice and Counterproductive Work Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Negative Emotions
Why do employees engage in counterproductive work behaviors (CWB)? What reasons can explain employees performing below their skill levels, taking sick leave without really being ill, or purposely falsifying their expense accounts? In recent years,...
Need for Achievement, Education, and Entrepreneurial Risk-Taking Behavior
We examined which factors lead to entrepreneurial risk-taking behavior, usi ng the 2 tests of entrepreneurial behavior theory (desirability and feasibility) to investigate how need for achievement and education interact to influence risk-taking...
Outside Directors' Social Capital and Firm Performance: A Complex Network Approach
In many studies of corporate boards researchers have categorized the role of outside directors in large firms into three types: control, service, and resource dependence (see e.g., Johnson, Daily, & Ellstrand, 1996; Peng, 2004). The control function...
Risk and Consumer Debt Behaviors in China
The growth of consumer credit in China has been dramatic in the past two decades. The volume of consumer credit outstanding in China increased from 17.2 billion yuan in 1997 to 6.41 trillion yuan in 2010, with the volume of bank loans increasing 373-fold....
Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction, Customer Trust, and Loyalty in an E-Banking Context
Deregulation of financial institutions has increased competition in the banking industry in Taiwan. Traditional banks are declaring bankruptcy because of the trend toward free trade and institutions (Lee, 2001, 2007). Since Taiwan joined the World...
The Effects of Striped Clothing on Perceptions of Body Size
Visual illusions have long been studied (Boring, 1942), but why these illusions occur and what practical implications they have continue to be a matter of debate. One such illusion is the Helmholtz (1867) square effect, which refers to the fact that...
The Psychological Explanation of Conformity
What is conformity? The pioneering research on conformity was conducted by Sherif in 1935 (cited in Friedman, Sears, & Smith, 1984). Psychologists such as Asch (1951) and Milgram (1963) subsequently conducted similar experimental studies (see...
The Relationship between Leisure and Well-Being in Taiwanese College Students
The health status of a community is a sign of that community's overall well-being (Green, Poland, & Rootman, 2000). Wellness and having a healthy lifestyle are major concerns for many people today (Hallab, 2006). Life pattern is an indicator of...