Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 41, No. 2, March

Approval versus Disapproval of Dogfighting and Cockfighting among College Students
We explored both the extent of approval/disapproval of cockfighting and dogfighting and the personality and animal attitude correlates of such approval versus disapproval. Cockfighting was selected because it is one of the most common sports in the...
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Effects of Intentional Suppression of Recall of Unwanted Images in Repressors and Nonrepressors
Most people experience intrusive thoughts they do not want to have, such as thoughts that are aversive and distressing and/or thoughts about traumatic events (Wegner, 1994). Individuals may often use a coping style, such as a suppression strategy,...
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Emotional Intelligence Functions of Turkish Proverbs
Proverbs emerge from a common mind within a community and have intergenerational mobility. Proverbs can be accepted as the literary product of human concerns and sensitivities. They have grown out of the practicality of life. They come to form part...
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Factors Affecting Employee Creativity in Taiwan's Hakka Clothing Industry
Creativity has become the lifeblood of many successful organizations (Diliello, Houghton, & Dawley, 2011). Many researchers suggest that enhancing employee creativity is necessary for organizations to maintain or improve their competitive positions...
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Impact of Extraversion and Sensation Seeking on International Tourism Choices
Personality can be defined as an individual's enduring pattern of thoughts, emotions, and behavior occurring in different environments (Hogan, 1987). This definition shows that personality is structuralized and organized, is able to express the differences...
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Is Any Explanation Better Than No Explanation? Intolerance of Uncertainty and Paranormal Beliefs
Conditions of uncertainty and anxiety are thought to provide fertile ground for paranormal beliefs to take root and flourish (Shermer, 2011). Few researchers have examined the condition of uncertainty, and, specifically, the relationship between intolerance...
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Job Applicants' Use of Online Job Banks: The Impact of Transaction Cost Factors and Psychological Variables
Because of the popularity of the Internet and the low costs of online recruitment, job agent websites (job banks) have become the most common method for employers to find job applicants (Lin, 2010; Walker, Feild, Giles, Armenakis, & Bernerth, 2009)....
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Machiavellianism and Dating: Deception and Intimacy
Machiavellianism, together with narcissism and psychopathy, is considered a member of the "Dark Triad of Personalities," yet a distinctive construct in its own right (Paulhus & Williams, 2002, p. 556). Machiavellian personality (Christie &...
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Perceived Risk and Organizational Commitment: The Moderating Role of Organizational Trust
Organizational commitment refers to the employee's positive attitude towards, and psychological attachment to, the organization (Mowday, Steers, & Porter, 1979). The formation of organizational commitment implies the forging of a fixed, psychological...
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Personality Implications of Adaption-Innovation: VI. Adaption-Innovation as a Predictor of Disease Proneness
Health scientists have long searched for personality risk factors in the development of disease. Nearly two millennia ago, "Galen noted ... that melancholic women were much more susceptible to cancer than other females" (Grossarth-Maticek et al., 2000,...
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Predictors of Unemployment in Refugees
A high percentage of refugees depend on social security in Austria. Once granted asylum, unemployed refugees can receive welfare support for an unlimited period. Welfare authorities may assign refugees to training courses that teach a basic knowledge...
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Repeating "Yes" in a First Request and Compliance with a Later Request: The Four Walls Technique
In 1966, Freedman and Fraser convinced 43% of a group of housewives to allow a team of five or six investigators to come to their homes for two hours to do an inventory of all the products they used for cleaning and cooking. Three days before this...
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Social Skills, Life Satisfaction, and Loneliness in Turkish University Students
The move from high school to university is a major life transition of emerging adulthood, characterized by change and challenge for most incoming students (Ames et al., 2011). Loneliness can be a common phenomenon relating to factors including moving...
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Stereotypes of Deceptive Behaviors: A Cross-Cultural Study between China and Japan
A polygraph measures and records physiological indices such as blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and skin conductivity while the participant answers a series of questions (Rosenfeld, 1995). This method of measurement has been applied to areas such...
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Teacher Self-Efficacy and Teaching Practices in the Health and Physical Education Curriculum in Taiwan
Professionalism in teachers has always been highly valued in the field of education, owing to its effect on teaching performance (Chen, 2006; Deglau & O'Sullivan, 2006; Gorozidis & Papaioannou, 2011). Teacher self-efficacy (TSE) is a kind of...
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Temporal Stability of the Brief Symptom Inventory 18 among Irish College Students over Four Weeks
Of the currently limited available data on the mental health of students in Ireland the most notable are provided in the College Lifestyle and Attitudinal National (CLAN) Survey (Hope, Dring, & Dring, 2005). Recently, Houghton et al. (2012) found...
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The Antecedents and Consequences of Blogging Behavior
The popularization of weblogs (blogs) has led to the development of the so-called blogosphere. Blogs have not only changed the way people communicate, but have also allowed for the rapid spread of mutual social identification. The aim in this study...
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The Effect of Kindergarten Principals' Leadership Behaviors on Teacher Work Performance
In terms of the administrative management of schools, many kindergarten principals are concerned about their effective leadership of staff who require rewards, authority, and may exhibit emotional reliance (Hadjithoma-Garstka, 2011). It can be difficult...
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The Power of Affect and Cognition in Predicting Group Attitudes toward Supervisors
Interest in the nature of attitudes dates back to the inception of social psychology. One theoretical perspective indicates that attitudes derive from affect and cognition (Eagly & Chaiken, 1995). Affect refers to the positive or negative feelings...
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Translation and Validation of a Turkish Version of the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory
As reform movements have accelerated in the Turkish higher education context over the last five years, an urgent need has emerged to assess preservice teachers in terms of the extent to which they are disposed to think critically. As a result of this...
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