Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 41, No. 5, June

A Comparison of Active and Passive Procrastination in Relation to Academic Motivation
Perspectives on procrastination vary from author to author. Some researchers maintain that not only behavioral delay but also psychological distress should be involved in the definition of procrastination (e.g., Lay & Schouwenburg, 1993; Solomon...
Coping and Mental Health of Iranian Social Workers: The Impact of Client Violence
Client violence towards social workers and related risks inherent in social work practice have been well documented over the last two decades (Jayaratne, Vinokur-Kaplan, Nagda, & Chess, 1996; Macdonald & Sirotich, 2001; Newhill, 2003; Pollack,...
Development of a Model Connecting Self-Directive Value and Satisfaction of Sociability Needs in Sport Spectators
Prior researchers (Gau & Kim, 2011) have indicated that sports team identification is stronger in cultures in which the focus is centered on individual freedom for fans to experience sociability. It has been suggested that a conflict exists...
Dispositional Manpower Quality as a Predictor of Personal and Departmental Human Resource Performance
Manpower quality is of major importance in organizational performance for the production sector, and is also especially important for the human resources management sector, as high-quality human resources (HR) managers contribute to HR performance...
Effects of Self-Esteem Level on Risk Preference in Different Tasks
When Shubik (1971) invented the dollar auction game, he found that it involved a motivation conversion phenomenon. At the beginning of the auction, the aim of the bidders is to obtain higher financial rewards. However, when the bid price is more than...
Factor Analysis of the Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale of Chinese College Students
Emotion quotient (EQ) has a positive significance in modern society. The ability to regulate one's emotions is an important component of emotional intelligence and is typically assessed as the regulatory emotional self-efficacy of an individual. ...
Impact of Extroversion and Introversion on Language-Learning Behaviors
Although introverted and extroverted personality types have been identified in studies as significant factors in other areas of educational and psychological research, they have received only sporadic attention in studies of languagelearning strategies,...
Is Younger Really Better? Anxiety about Learning a Foreign Language in Turkish Children
The current trend in language teaching and learning is to start foreign language education at an earlier age than was previously the usual practice. In many countries in Europe and Asia, including Turkey, the educational authorities have taken steps...
Measuring Military Identity: Scale Development and Psychometric Evaluations
During the Cold War, Norway played a vital part in the terror balance and strategic interplay between NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and the Warsaw Pact, and experienced a direct and existential threat from the Soviet Union (Ulriksen, 2002)....
Motivational Changes in an English Foreign Language Online Reading Context
Motivation theories are among the most important aspects of psychology and language education (Guilloteaux & Dornyei, 2008). Motivation is the primary source of stimulus to initiate second language learning and serves as the driving force to sustain...
Psychological Contract Breach and Turnover Intention: The Moderating Roles of Adversity Quotient and Gender
Tett and Meyer (1993) defined turnover intention as a conscious desire to seek out a job with a new organization. Turnover intention is understood to have a most significant negative impact on organizational effectiveness (Chen, Ployhart, Thomas, Anderson,...
The Effect of Implementation Intentions on Reactions to Nonspecified Situational Cues
Since Gollwitzer (1990) introduced the concept of implementation intentions, a large number of studies have been conducted in this domain, mostly focused on the effectiveness of implementation intentions for enhancing goal attainment. The proposition...
The Impact of Negative Interpersonal Life Events on Social Adaptation of Chinese College Students: Mediator Effect of Self-Esteem
Social adaptation (SA) is a process by which an individual adjusts his or her cognition, emotion, and behavior to adapt him/herself to a social environment (Kahle, 1984). SA contains an affective component, and a behavior component. The affective component...
The Influence of Message Appeal, Environmental Hyperopia, and Environmental Locus of Control on Green Policy Communication
As public concern for the environment grows, environmentally conscious behaviors such as minimizing resource and energy consumption, using nontoxic substances, and reducing waste are increasingly being promoted in green campaigns. The major difficulty...
Training Transfer in the Taiwanese Hotel Industry: Factors and Outcomes
It has become crucial for firms in the hotel industry to provide high-quality services to customers and train employees to perform their jobs effectively if they wish to succeed (Altarawneh & Al-Kilani, 2010). Grant (1996) stated that organizations...
Understanding Cooperation in a Single-Trial Prisoner's Dilemma Game: Interactions among Three Conditions
In the game known as Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) a situation is described in which two individuals (or parties) might be inclined not to cooperate even if it is in their best interests to do so. Examples of this exist pervasively in all kinds of real-life...