Nineteenth-Century Prose

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 1, Spring

"France Is My Mother": The Subject of Universal Education in the French Third Republic
In 1880, Jules Ferry presented a series of bills to the French Parliament designed to establish a system of nationwide primary education for the children of the popular classes that would be "obligatory, free and laic." These reform laws were meant...
Homo Oeconomicus: The Rhetoric of Self-Interest in Nineteenth-Century German Psychology
This article examines the rhetorical makeup of the idea that humanity is self-interested. Specifically, the essay examines the shift from a neutral observation of self-interest to the positing of self-interest, that is, the shift from the idea of self-interest...
Introduction
Rhetoric was an increasingly vital key to power in the nineteenth century, when growing literacy rates, cheaper printing methods, and the use of advertising to pay for the periodical press, made it possible to reach a much wider audience than before,...
Modernity and Modernism in Portugal: The "Questao Coimbra" and the Generation of 1870
Historians tend to date the beginnings of Portuguese modernism with the Lisbon-based literary journal Orpheu, which appeared in 1915. In this essay, I want to complicate this typical view by showing how the conditions for an emergent modernism were...
Monstrous Aesthetics: Literature and Philosophy in Soren Kierkegaard
Kafka's awareness of the "magic" exerted by the philosopher Soren Kierkegaard's prose, which he characterized as a destruction of the world that was not destructive but constructive, invites expansion through a reading of the rhetorical tropes the...
The Limits of Metaphor in Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals
It is a commonplace that Nietzsche makes heavier use of metaphor than most philosophers. But the boundaries between metaphor and literal language are unclear, especially when Nietzsche uses biological terms. Recent commentators, anxious to avoid biological...
The Making of a Mass Media in Spain
Spain's slow move to a mass media relative to more industrialized nations like England and France is symptomatic of what has been called its uneven transition to modernity. This essay explores the technological and ideological obstacles to the mass...
The Rhetoric of Salon Criticism: Claude Vignon's Exposition Universelle De 1855-Beaux-Arts
The salon essay, a literary vogue in nineteenth-century France, was written by famous authors and professional art critics alike. This study examines the formal and rhetorical characteristics of one of the salon essays inspired by the very influential...
"Though I Speak with the Tongues of Men and of Angels ...": Rhetorical Practices in Nineteenth-Century Religious and Medical Discourse
This essay examines a variety of medical and religious texts from mid-nineteenth-century Spain. It explores the degree to which their writing--as a medium that betrays more than a simple message of content--indicates to us how far they were allied...