Journal of Social Sciences

Articles

Vol. 9, No. 3, 2013

Are Females Suitable for Police Duty?
ABSTRACTPolice work is a masculine job that needs physical strength and force and thus it is male-dominated working environment in Taiwan as in other countries. Under gender mainstreaming, Taiwan's society has gradually adhere the basic female human...
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The Role of Women in the Oil Industry
ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to ascertain the contribution of women in the oil industry. It also looked at the opportunities available and the barriers that prevent women from attaining higher heights in the oil industry. Findings from the study...
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Facilitating Students' Geometric Thinking through Van Hiele's Phase-Based Learning Using Tangram
ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to determine the effects of Van Hide's phases of learning using tangrams on 3rd grade primary school students' levels of geometric thinking at the first (visual) and second (analysis) level. The study further investigated...
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"But How Can I Achieve My Dream in This Village?" Bleak Educational Hopes and Aspirations of Children in Agortikope Village
ABSTRACTThis was a study conducted to identify the challenges that children in rural areas encounter in education. Most of these challenges affect the educational aspirations and dreams of these children. These issues were explored in group and in-depth...
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Access to and Dropout of Girls from School: A Quantitative Analysis of the Effects of Marriage Arrangements on Girl-Child Education in Bolni
ABSTRACTThe education of the girl-child has suffered many setbacks both in the past and at the present. As a result some girls are denied access while others are forced to drop out-of-school especially in rural Ghana. This study therefore examined the...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, 2013

Attachment Style as a Predictor of Risky Sexual Behavior in Adolescents
ABSTRACTThe aim of the current study was to examine attachment style as a predictor of risky sexual behavior in a younger, more vulnerable sample than previously investigated in the literature: High school aged adolescents. The hypothesized associations...
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Satisfaction Received towards Agricultural Information from Television Programs among Farmers
ABSTRACTTelevision is one of the top mass media to broadcast the information. It is heartening to know that mass media is playing its role in developing and strengthening the agriculture sector in Malaysia. Results from many international studies found...
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Reliability of the German Language Version of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales Second Edition
ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the English and German language versions of the behavior rating scale, Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales, Second Edition (PKBS-2) and make a comparison between...
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Confucianism and Character Education: A Chinese View
ABSTRACTThe principles of Confucianism are founded on humaneness, righteousness, propriety, knowledge, integrity and filial piety. These principles have found their way to the Chinese culture since the days of Confucius. The study reviews the concept...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, 2013

Revisiting Kubler-Ross's Five Stages of Grief: Some Comments on the Iphone 5
ABSTRACTFollowing the recent launch of Apple's fifth generation of the iPhone product line, this study specifically looks at the feedback from consumers who experience grief as a result of a let-down in anticipation. This study randomly extracts some...
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Change over Time in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk Perceptions of Youth
ABSTRACTAlthough the vulnerability of young people to HIV/AIDS continues to be a serious concern in South Africa, no research has used a representative sample of South African youth to examine whether individual HIV risk perceptions change over time...
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Acceptance and Usage of Extensible Business Reporting Language: An Empirical Review
ABSTRACTExtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) is a language based on XML that provides an effective solution for the preparation, presentation and exchange of International Financial Reporting Standards. Many researchers examined the adoption,...
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Predictors of a Child's Social Skills Asit Relates to Mother Attachment Styles and Mother Anxiety Levels among Students in Grades (1-3)
ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to find the predictors of a child's social skills from mother attachment styles and anxiety levels among students in (1-3) grades in Amman city. A sample of (250) mothers for students in (1- 3) grades in Amman city were...
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Study on Physical Education and Sport
ABSTRACTMIUR enacted last year the new Guidelines of Physical Education and Sport to improve the sport activity into the school through the sport school association and gives, for this aim, only 33% of amount of economical resources that, in the past...
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Vol. 8, No. 4, 2012

Analysis of Intention to Continue Services among Recruited Voluntary Soldiers
ABSTRACTIn order to attract more promising young people to join the military and enhance combat capability, Taiwan's Department of Defense is transforming the nation's military service system from a draftsystem, which has been in effect for more than...
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Connectivism in Science Education with Emphasis on International Collaboration
ABSTRACTThe study presents the results of design-based research on the influence of connectivism on science education, with the emphasis on an international collaboration among/between teachers and students from different countries. Science and technology...
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Explore Significant Factors to Affect Customer Involvement
ABSTRACTAlthough literature review supported the concept that customer loyalty, brand equity and perceived risk are significant factors to affect customer involvement, very limited studies have extensively examined the relationship among those variables....
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They Are Trained to Teach, but How Confident Are They? a Study of Student Teachers' Sense of Efficacy
ABSTRACTThe objective of the study was to assess student teachers' efficacy in one of the teacher training institutions in Malaysia, with specific reference to the aspects of student engagement, instructional strategies and classroom management. The...
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The Contribution of Art Museums to Art Education
ABSTRACTOver the years, in recognition of the need to increase opportunities for art education and art learning, schools have endorsed the value of museum learning and its role in facilitating knowledge acquisition and enriching the educational experience...
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Young Adult Perception and Attitude toward Conspicuous Consumption and Poverty
ABSTRACTThis study explores the perception and attitude of young adults toward conspicuous consumption portrayed in mass media and their conception of poverty. Many young adults may not realize the cadre of consumerist ideologies portrayed throughout...
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Vol. 8, No. 3, 2012

Contact with Nature and Children's Wellbeing in Educational Settings
Abstract: Problem statement: The study explores the role of the spatial-physical features of the environment for the functioning of educational institutions. Previous research in the field of environmental psychology showed how physical characteristics...
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The Implications of Teacher Effectiveness Requirements for Initial Teacher Education Reform
Abstract: Problem statement: School effectiveness research shows that teacher effectiveness is the single most important school-based factor in student success. The effects of poor teaching linger and can be measured for at least three years after students...
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Towards Constructivist Teacher Professional Development
Abstract: Problem statement: In recent years, much has been written about constructivist learning theories and their applications to outcomes-based teaching and learning environments in South Africa. Approach: Little, if any, has been said about the...
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Comparative Analysis of Postmodern Design for Information Technology in Education in Relation to Modernism
Abstract: Problem statement: The purpose of present study is a comparative analysis of the philosophical bases of postmodernism in relation to modernism and suggesting the necessities of each base in the designing information technology in education....
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How Does a Culture of Learning Impact on Student Behaviour?
Abstract: Problem statement: Despite the need for a culture of learning in South African schools, research reveal that it is not generally encountered. Research also indicates the manifestation of student behavior problems constraining effective learning....
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The Effects of Social Constructivist Approach on the Learners' Problem Solving and Metacognitive Levels
Abstract: Problem statement: Socio-cultural constructivism; stressing the social context, culture and collaborative side of learning, is another kind of constructivism. The social constructivist approach has positive effects on learners. It can be said...
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The Impact of the Professional Learning and Psychological Mentoring Support for Teacher Trainees
Abstract: Problem statement: Mentoring practices have been an important part of the practicum in initial teacher training. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a mentoring program for teacher mentors and mentees. It also explored...
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Mobile Phone and Short Message Service Appropriation, Usage and Behavioral Issues among University Students
Abstract: Problem statement: This study aims to explore mobile phone and Short Message Service (SMS) usage among urbanized Malaysian youth. Uses and Gratification theory was used to explore mobile phone purchasing factors, reasons to use mobile phone...
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Finding What You Expect to See: Theoretical Modeling in Psycholinguistics
Abstract: Problem statement: Theories of language processing rely upon experimental evidence to support or reject their hypotheses. Yet it is often the case that conflicting theories flourish alongside each other for decades, with voluminous experimental...
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Understanding of the Built of European Union Legal System: The Function of Individual Rights
Abstract: The article analyses whether in the EU legal system, the selection of relevant interests in horizontal legal relationships arises for the same reason and in the same way as the qualification of rights in vertical legal relationships, that is,...
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Reversal of Attitude: The Influence of Counter-Attitudinal Information
Abstract: Problem statement: Research has shown that both positive and negative information can alter a neutral attitude towards an unknown person, with negative information having, in general, a larger impact. Though this positive-negative asymmetry...
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Cultural Capital and Performance in Medical Education
Abstract: Prior research has found that students from higher social classes generally perform at higher levels in education than other students. A common explanation is that these students hold higher volumes of inherited and acquired cultural capital....
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The Application of Interpersonal Relationship Poll to the Enhancement of Management Efficacy
Abstract: Problem statement: Every employee needs to directly face their different superiors and subordinates that he must have ability to get along with other people or teams. It is the ability that he could communicate, coordinate, convince, negotiate...
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Social Interactions for Academic Purposes in Literature Classes for Non English Speakers
Abstract: Problem statement: This study reports how Learning Communities (LCs) and Online Learning Communities (OLCs) can improve Taiwanese EFL students' lack of Social Interactions (SIs) and acdemic skills in literature classes (Y1, N = 40) by involving...
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Opening Up a 'Third Space' to Innovate Curricula
Abstract: Problem statement: Against the background of innovating learner experiences in South African schools and higher learning institutions in the 21st century, it is crucial to determine, in the analogy to the words, 'what holds a place together'....
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Eras of Material, Energy and Information Production
Abstract: This study identifies and discusses three types of production: production of aterial goods, energy, and information. The production timeframes with the reference to each production era are about 103, 102 and 101 years. The necessity of education...
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A Preliminary Investigation of the Adversity Reading in Archaic WEI Passives
Abstract: Problem statement: It is well-known that modern Chinese imposes such a requirement on the subject in the BEI passive, but in fact it does not hold tightly in Modern Chinese. Only 50-75% of passives have the adversity reading on the subject....
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Religion and Schools in a Liquid World
Abstract: This study is an exploration of the changing contexts within which schools are required to function. As global borders have become more porous schools are challenged to deal with students from increasingly diverse cultural, linguistic and religious...
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Level of Water Awareness at Some Jordanian Universities Student's
Abstract: Problem statement: Jordan has been facing shortage in water sector during the last three decades due to natural and society factors, weakness of water awareness is one of these Society factors, so this study focused on the level of water awareness...
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A Teaching Method to Develop a Critical Thinking of the Students of the General Education Ecclesiastical School
Abstract: Problem statement: The objectives of the research were to study (1) the teaching method to develop a critical thinking of the students of the General Education Ecclesiastical School, (2) the effectiveness of the teaching method to develop a...
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Employability Skill Acquisition among Malaysian Community College Students
Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess the acquisition of employability skills among Malaysian community college students. The sample size of the present study 325 students selected randomly. Employability skills were measured using an instrument...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, 2012

Nutrition in Tertiary Education: Biological and Social Approaches
Abstract: Problem statement: Human Nutrition, a necessary component of health-education, studies the food-depended growth/maintenance of the human body. To approach what nutritionists will need to apply in the 21st century, we searched the literature...
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Transformation or Transgression? Institutional Habitus andWorking Class Student Identity
Abstract: Problem statement: Whilst evidence continues to highlight disparity in Higher Education (HE) participation rates across social groups, there continues to be small numbers of young people from social groups 4-7 choosing to go to university....
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Learning Trajectories of Primary Student Teachers; a Cross-Cultural Comparison
Abstract: Life history methodology was used to compare the life and educational trajectories of six primary student teachers in England with their counterparts at a Malawian Teacher Training College. A semi structured interview schedule was used to elicit...
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Moderators of the Effectiveness of Adult Learning Method Practices
Abstract: Problem statement: The purpose of the analyses reported in this study was to identify the moderators of the effectiveness of evidence-based adult learning method practices. Approach: The particular practices that were found most effective in...
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Scientific Legitimation of the European Union's Competence Development Policy
Abstract: This study provides an accessible account of the policy making process of the European Union in the arena of adult skills and competence development. In particular, the way skill standards for adult learners is designed in the EU official statements...
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Teachers View on Social and Emotional Aspect of Pedagogical Competence
Abstract: Problem statement: Bologna process challenges European higher education area by comparability and compatibility of several issues including educators' professional competence. However, through their educational philosophy and activity educators...
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Shakespeare and Literacy: A Case Study in a Primary Classroom
Abstract: Problem statement: Childhood is an integral time for literacy development and the aim of this article is to closely examine what pedagogical strategies were most effective to promote literacy learning with a group of six to nine year old children....
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Developing Inner Peace and Joy through Art Education
Abstract: Problem statement: Art Education has been given place in the curriculum yet there is a general misconception that the subject Art is of lesser importance and treated as a mere entertaining fringe. The present study looks into this matter. The...
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Theater Activities for Jung Opera Audience: An Educational Urgency
Abstract: Problem statement: Numerous studies have led researchers to conclude that the socio-demographic profile of the public of classical music appears to be quite generalizable. However, the survey of the opera public, a classical music subgenre...
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Demotivating Factors for English Language Learning among University Students
Abstract: Problem statement: Demotivation is a relatively new issue in the field of second/foreign Language (L2) learning motivation. Recognizing and removing barriers can have a marked effect on motivation and attention to learning in general and ESL/EFL...
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Autism Worldwide: Prevalence, Perceptions, Acceptance, Action
Abstract: This metanalysis scrutinizes the growth of the neurodevelopment condition known as "autism" as a modern-day phenomenon. Over the past decade and worldwide, estimates of increases between 50% to over 2000% in cases of Autistic Disorder diagnoses...
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Creating New Spaces for Learning: Fostering Experiential and Service Learning, Journeys through the African American Past
Abstract: Problem statement: Experiential education and service learning are interchangeable. They are defined as an approach to education that implicitly trusts the learner's ability to learn through experience, rather than a movement for change that...
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Role of Virtual Education in Higher Education from the View of Existence Philosophy
Abstract: Problem statement: The problem of present study is to investigate the role and place of virtual education in attainment of educational goals by students which can be deduced from views by prominent existence philosophers. Approach: The research...
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Approaches to Learning in First Year University Physics
Abstract: Problem statement: In recent decades, discipline specific ways of thinking and knowing have gained increased recognition in understanding learning. However, there has been little empirical research examining student approaches to learning within...
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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Risky Sexual Behavior and Abortion
Abstract: Problem statement: incidence of abortion in the United States has steadily declined since 1990. The question is why? Approach: This study, using multiple linear regression, examines whether women's unprotected sexual activity is deterred by...
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The Effect of Learning Styles on Learning Strategy Use by EFL Learners
Abstract: Problem statement: Strategies play a significant role in assisting learners with developing language competence. During the past few years, numbers of studies demonstrated the importance of learning strategies in language learning. Approach:...
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Dyslexia: An Altered Brain Architecture
Abstract: Problem statement: Dyslexia is defined as a syndrome belonging to Specific Learning Disorders, DSA code F81.0. Its most visible manifestation is the difficulty that subjects have to correctly read out loud and quickly. These impediments are...
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The Adult Educator of Immigrants as an Intercultural Consultant
Abstract: Problem statement: Inspired by this multi-cultural situation in Greece and the need of immigrants for participation in adult education, this article examines an aspect of the Adult Educator who has to develop intercultural techniques in the...
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The Living Values-Based Contextual Learning to Develop the Students' Character
Abstract: Problem statement: University has an important role in the process of young generation character education. The character education should be integrated through the living values-based contextual learning model in order to be easier internalized...
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Access to Higher Education among High School Students: Challenges and Solutions
Abstract: Problem statement: Although there have been increases in student enrollment in tertiary (university) educational settings in many countries, there continues to be students who experience challenges bridging secondary (high school) and university...
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Quality Business Service Provider in Community Enterprise
Abstract: Problem statement: The development of community enterprises focuses on the development of service providers for commercial industries and community enterprises and it is necessary to create and extend the development according to the changing...
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Survival and Change of Mahoree Tradition in Cambodian Society
Abstract: Problem statement: Mahoree, is an important music ensemble in Cambodia since the Angkorean period. Mahoree formerly belonged to the court or noble Cambodian families. Mahoree is very popular and practiced by ordinary people and plays an important...
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The Street Children Development in Open House
Abstract: Problem statement: The street children handling through open house has been developed in Indonesia since 1998. One of street children handling steps in open house is resocialization. This study is conducted to evaluate the effect of resocialization...
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The Application of Multiple Arts to the Publicity Strategy for All-Out Defense Education
Abstract: Problem statement: Modern defense is so complex and professionally that we have to establish an effective publicity strategy for promoting the concept of all-out defense education and gather consensus of people on the defense and national security....
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Sociocultural Characteristics of Psychological Education in the Context of Systemic-Anthropological Approach
Abstract: Problem statement: The problem of moving from economic efficiency of the social one in the modern society is actualized. It is pointed out that the methodological basis for the solving questions of psychological education development are considered...
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Students' Voices about Learning with Technology
Abstract: Problem statement: This study argues for the inclusion of student voice as a valid means of identifying 21st century pedagogical approaches to learning. Today's students are increasingly living and thriving in a digital world and have a new...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, 2012

Nice CV! You Will Hear from Us: Canadian Labor Market and the Phenomenology of the Marginalized Ethnic Professional Migrant
Abstract: Problem statement: In the last several decades, the quest for human capital has meant that Canada's consideration of potential migrants hinged largely on the needs of its labor market. Applying the human capital theory espoused by Schultz (1961)...
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Development Model to Improve the Quality of Academic Administration: A Case Study
Abstract: Problem statement: Academic teaching and learning of Ban Nongkham Borkaeowittaya School were not consistent with the current change to allow students to learn in accordance with the educational reform. Students could not be developed to their...
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The Organization Culture: The Network Construction and the Ethical Development the Revenue Department, the Ministry of Finance
Abstract: Problem statement: The organization culture should be organized in the form of network as a means of giving contribution to the organization office members. This study aims to investigate (1) The historical background of the organization culture...
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Sungai Mas and OC-EO Glass Beads: A Comparative Study
Abstract: Problem statement: Sungai Mas, Kedah, Malaysia and OC-EO, Vietnam, was two of the Indo-Pacific beads making centre's in Southeast Asia. The drawn monochrome glass beads or Indo- Pacific beads industry begun in Arikamedu, India since 200BC was...
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Municipalities as Sports Multipliers
Abstract: Problem statement: It is generally agreed that sports must be made available for children and young people. The children and youth of urban areas should be encouraged to form meaningful sporting activities under the guidance of sport teachers....
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The Socialising Function of Sport in the Process of Civilisation
Abstract: Problem statement: The development of sport is certainly one of the great cultural and especially civilising achievements in the history of mankind. Particularly due to its socialising function, sport plays a significant role in the context...
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Firm Performance-A Social Networks Perspective
Abstract: Problem statement: The study aims to offer a discussion on social networks and their effect on firm performance and also to illustrate the ways by which the firms utilize social capital through networks. Approach: The literature review and...
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Connecting Philosophy of Ancient Egyptians to Modern Thinking
Abstract: Problem statement: Associating any knowledge from ancient Egyptians to modern civilization and thinking was important and had its own value. The process of understanding knowledge related to ancient Egyptians is actually based on the nature...
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Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism
Abstract: Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through...
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Minority Serving College and University Cost Efficiencies
Abstract: Problem statement: Higher education minority enrollment growth has far outstripped white non-minority growth in the United States. Minority serving colleges and universities have disproportionately attended to that growth and will continue...
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Ergonomics Issues in Malaysia
Abstract: Problem statement: Ergonomics so far has had little impact in Malaysia. For most Malaysian managers, ergonomics is not considered to be associated with performance, but rather with occupational health and safety and legislation. Approach: This...
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Using Rule-Based Reasoning and Object-Oriented Methodologies to Diagnose Diabetes
Abstract: Problem statement: Diabetes mellitus or diabetes epidemic is one of the high prevalence diseases worldwide with increased number of disability, complications and death toll. An early diagnosis helps patients and medical practitioners to reduce...
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Evaluating the Performance of Accounting Information Systems in Jordanian Private Hospitals
Abstract: Problem statement: This study aimed at identifying the evaluation of accounting information systems performance used in the Jordanian private hospitals. Approach: In order to achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire has designed...
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Gender, Religion and National Origin: Latinos' Attitude toward Capital Punishment
Abstract: Problem statement: Previous studies on attitudes toward capital punishment are heavily focused on comparisons between blacks and whites with little attention to the Latino population. This is problematic given the rapid growth of Latino population...
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Religious Dogma without Religious Fundamentalism
Abstract: Problem statement: New Atheists and Anti-Theists (such as Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, Sam Harris, Christopher Hutchins) affirm that there is a strong connection between being a traditional theist and being a religious fundamentalist who...
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A Study of Relationship Marketing on Customer Satisfaction
Abstract: Problem statement: Developing a sound knowledge on the customers' necessities and preferences and producing accordingly the companies can lower the chances of losing customers as well as remove negative attitude towards foreign attitudes towards...
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Test Anxiety and Foreign Language Reading Anxiety in a Reading-Proficiency Test
Abstract: Problem statement: The impact of foreign-language anxiety has been researched with respect to the reading domain; however, how it affects reading proficiency in relation to test anxiety in a test situation is yet to be explored. Approach: This...
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Modelling Political Support among Women with Political Actors in Northern States
Abstract: Problem statement: Women in Asia are making their mark with distinct styles of leadership, but have a long way to go to reach the critical mass needed to level a political playing field that remains much easier for men to take part. Yet far...
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From "Foreign" Language Education to Plurilingualism: Challenges for Language Education Policy in a Multilingual Japan
Abstract: Problem statement: With a 41% increase in foreign residents over the last 10 years, the long-neglected issue of domestic multiculturalism and multilingualism cannot be ignored anymore in Japan. Nevertheless, there is still a deep gap between...
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